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privative term
privet andromeda
privet hedge
privilege against self incrimination
privilege of the floor
Privileged communication
Privileged debts
Privileged witnesses
privity of contract

Privilege definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PRIV'ILEGE, n. [L. privilegium; privus, separate, private, and lex, law; originally a private law, some public act that regarded an individual.]
1. A particular and peculiar benefit or advantage enjoyed by a person, company or society, beyond the common advantages of other citizens. A privilege may be a particular right granted by law or held by custom, or it may be an exemption from some burden to which others are subject. The nobles of Great Britain have the privilege of being triable by their peers only. Members of parliament and of our legislatures have the privilege of exemption from arrests in certain cases. The powers of a banking company are privileges granted by the legislature.
He pleads the legal privilege of a Roman.
The privilege of birthright was a double portion.
2. Any peculiar benefit or advantage, right or immunity, not common to others of the human race. Thus we speak of national privileges, and civil and political privileges, which we enjoy above other nations. We have ecclesiastical and religious privileges secured to us by our constitutions of government. Personal privileges are attached to the person; as those of embassadors, peers, members of legislatures, etc. Real privileges are attached to place; as the privileges of the king's palace in England.
3. Advantage; favor; benefit.
A nation despicable by its weakness, forfeits even the privilege of being neutral.
Writ of privilege, is a writ to deliver a privileged person from custody when arrested in a civil suit.
PRIV'ILEGE, v.t. To grant some particular right or exemption to; to invest with a peculiar right or immunity; as, to privilege representatives from arrest; to privilege the officers and students of a college from military duty.
1. To exempt from ensure or danger.
This place doth privilege me.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all
2: a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right); "suffrage was the prerogative of white adult males" [syn: prerogative, privilege, perquisite, exclusive right]
3: (law) the right to refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship v
1: bestow a privilege upon [syn: privilege, favor, favour]

Merriam Webster's

I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin privilegium law for or against a private person, from privus private + leg-, lex law Date: 12th century a right or immunity granted as a peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor ; prerogative; especially such a right or immunity attached specifically to a position or an office II. transitive verb (-leged; -leging) Date: 14th century 1. to grant a privilege to 2. to accord a higher value or superior position to <privilege one mode of discourse over another>

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & v. --n. 1 a a right, advantage, or immunity, belonging to a person, class, or office. b the freedom of members of a legislative assembly when speaking at its meetings. 2 a special benefit or honour (it is a privilege to meet you). 3 a monopoly or patent granted to an individual, corporation, etc. 4 US Stock Exch. an option. --v.tr. 1 invest with a privilege. 2 (foll. by to + infin.) allow (a person) as a privilege (to do something). 3 (often foll. by from) exempt (a person from a liability etc.). Derivatives: privileged adj. Etymology: ME f. OF privilege f. L privilegium bill or law affecting an individual, f. privus private + lex legis law

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Privilege Priv"i*lege, n. [F. privil[`e]ge, L. privilegium an ordinance or law against or in favor of an individual; privus private + lex, legis, law. See Private, and Legal.] 1. A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden; a prerogative; advantage; franchise. He pleads the legal privilege of a Roman. --Kettlewell. The privilege birthright was a double portion. --Locke. A people inheriting privileges, franchises, and liberties. --Burke. 2. (Stockbroker's Cant) See Call, Put, Spread, etc. Breach of privilege. See under Breach. Question of privilege (Parliamentary practice), a question which concerns the security of a member of a legislative body in his special privileges as such. Water privilege, the advantage of having machinery driven by a stream, or a place affording such advantage. [ U. S.] Writ of privilege (Law), a writ to deliver a privileged person from custody when arrested in a civil suit. --Blackstone. Syn: Prerogative; immunity; franchise; right; claim; liberty. Usage: Privilege, Prerogative. Privilege, among the Romans, was something conferred upon an individual by a private law; and hence, it denotes some peculiar benefit or advantage, some right or immunity, not enjoyed by the world at large. Prerogative, among the Romans, was the right of voting first; and, hence, it denotes a right of precedence, or of doing certain acts, or enjoying certain privileges, to the exclusion of others. It is the privilege of a member of Congress not to be called in question elsewhere for words uttered in debate. It is the prerogative of the president to nominate judges and executive officers. It is the privilege of a Christian child to be instructed in the true religion. It is the prerogative of a parent to govern and direct his children.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Privilege Priv"i*lege, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Privileged; p. pr. & vb. n. Privileging.] [Cf. F. privil['e]gier.] 1. To grant some particular right or exemption to; to invest with a peculiar right or immunity; to authorize; as, to privilege representatives from arrest. To privilege dishonor in thy name. --Shak. 2. To bring or put into a condition of privilege or exemption from evil or danger; to exempt; to deliver. He took this place for sanctuary, And it shall privilege him from your hands. --Shak.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(privileges, privileging, privileged) 1. A privilege is a special right or advantage that only one person or group has. The Russian Federation has issued a decree abolishing special privileges for government officials. N-COUNT 2. If you talk about privilege, you are talking about the power and advantage that only a small group of people have, usually because of their wealth or their high social class. Pironi was the son of privilege and wealth, and it showed... 3. You can use privilege in expressions such as be a privilege or have the privilege when you want to show your appreciation of someone or something or to show your respect. It must be a privilege to know such a man... N-SING 4. To privilege someone or something means to treat them better or differently than other people or things rather than treat them all equally. They are privileging a tiny number to the disadvantage of the rest. = favour VERB: V n

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. n. Prerogative, right, claim, advantage, franchise, liberty, immunity. II. v. a. 1. Exempt, deliver, set apart. 2. Grant (some particular exemption), invest (with some peculiar right).

Moby Thesaurus

accomplishment, advantage, allowance, appanage, ascendancy, authority, authorization, authorize, benefit, birthright, blank check, boon, carte blanche, certificate, certify, charter, concession, consent, copyright, deanship, diplomatic immunity, discharge, dispensation, empower, enable, enfranchise, entitle, excellence, exception, exemption, favor, franchise, freedom, give official sanction, give power, grant, greatness, immunity, incomparability, indulgence, inimitability, lead, leave, legalize, legislative immunity, legitimize, liberty, license, majority, one-upmanship, patent, permission, perquisite, precedence, predominance, predomination, preeminence, preponderance, prepotence, prepotency, prerogative, prestige, priority, ratify, release, right, right-of-way, sanction, seniority, skill, special favor, success, superiority, transcendence, transcendency, validate, virtuosity, warrant


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