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Infidel definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

IN'FIDEL, a. [L. infidelis; in and fidelis; faithful.]
Unbelieving; disbelieving the inspiration of the Scriptures, or the divine institution of christianity.
The infidel writer is a great enemy to society.
IN'FIDEL, n. One who disbelieves the inspiration of the Scriptures, and the divine origin of christianity.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: a person who does not acknowledge your god [syn: heathen, pagan, gentile, infidel]

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English infidele, from Middle French, from Late Latin infidelis unbelieving, from Latin, unfaithful, from in- + fidelis faithful more at fidelity Date: 15th century 1. one who is not a Christian or who opposes Christianity 2. a. an unbeliever with respect to a particular religion b. one who acknowledges no religious belief 3. a disbeliever in something specified or understood infidel adjective

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & adj. --n. 1 a person who does not believe in religion or in a particular religion; an unbeliever. 2 hist. an adherent of a religion other than Christianity, esp. a Muslim. --adj. 1 that is an infidel. 2 of unbelievers. Etymology: ME f. F infidèle or L infidelis (as IN-(1), fidelis faithful)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Infidel In"fi*del, n. One who does not believe in the prevailing religious faith; especially, one who does not believe in the divine origin and authority of Christianity; a Mohammedan; a heathen; a freethinker. Note: Infidel is used by English writers to translate the equivalent word used Mohammedans in speaking of Christians and other disbelievers in Mohammedanism. Syn: Infidel, Unbeliever, Freethinker, Deist, Atheist, Sceptic, Agnostic. Usage: An infidel, in common usage, is one who denies Christianity and the truth of the Scriptures. Some have endeavored to widen the sense of infidel so as to embrace atheism and every form of unbelief; but this use does not generally prevail. A freethinker is now only another name for an infidel. An unbeliever is not necessarily a disbeliever or infidel, because he may still be inquiring after evidence to satisfy his mind; the word, however, is more commonly used in the extreme sense. A deist believes in one God and a divine providence, but rejects revelation. An atheist denies the being of God. A sceptic is one whose faith in the credibility of evidence is weakened or destroyed, so that religion, to the same extent, has no practical hold on his mind. An agnostic remains in a state of suspended judgment, neither affirming nor denying the existence of a personal Deity.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Infidel In"fi*del, a. [L. infidelis; pref. in- not + fidelis faithful, fr. fides faith: cf. F. infid[`e]le. See Fidelity.] Not holding the faith; -- applied esp. to one who does not believe in the inspiration of the Scriptures, and the supernatural origin of Christianity. The infidel writer is a great enemy to society. --V. Knox.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(infidels) If one person refers to another as an infidel, the first person is hostile towards the second person because that person has a different religion or has no religion. (LITERARY) ...a holy war, to drive the infidels and the non-believers out of this holy land. N-COUNT [disapproval] Infidel is also an adjective. He promised to continue the fight against infidel forces. ADJ: ADJ n

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

in'-fi-del (apistos, "unbelieving," "incredulous"): the King James Version has this word twice: "What part hath he that believeth with an infidel?" (2Co 6:15); "If any provide not for his own, .... is worse than an infidel" (1Ti 5:8). In both passages the English Revised Version and the American Standard Revised Version have "unbeliever" in harmony with numerous other instances of the use of the Greek apistos. The word nowhere corresponds to the modern conception of an infidel, one who denies the existence of God, or repudiates the Christian faith; but always signifies one who has not become a believer in Christ. It was formerly so used in English, and some of the older versions have it in other passages, besides these two. It is not found in the Old Testament, but "infidelity" (incredulity) occurs in 2 Esdras 7:44 (114).

William Owen Carver

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. 1. Unbeliever, atheist, disbeliever in God, denier of religious obligation. 2. (Historical sense.) Mahometan, Turk, defiler of the Holy Sepulchre. 3. (Historical sense.) Christian, denier of Islam, blasphemer of Mahomet. 4. (Historical sense.) Freethinker, denier of miracles and miraculous revelation, denier of revealed religion, deist.

Moby Thesaurus

agnostic, atheist, atheistic, disbeliever, disbelieving, ethnic, faithless, freethinker, gentile, giaour, goy, goyish, heathen, heretic, infidelic, kaffir, minimifidian, misbelieving, non-Christian, non-Jew, non-Jewish, non-Mohammedan, non-Mormon, non-Moslem, non-Muhammadan, non-Muslim, nonbeliever, nullifidian, pagan, profane, secularist, shegets, shiksa, unbeliever, unbelieving, unchristian, uncircumcised, zendician, zendik, zendikite




 


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