WELL, n. [G., a spring; to spring, to issue forth, to gush, to well, to swell. G., a wave. On this word I suppose swell to be formed.] 1. A spring; a fountain; the issuing of water from the earth. Begin then, sisters of the sacred well. [In this sense obsolete.] 2. A pit or cylindrical hole, sunk perpendicularly into the earth to such a depth as to reach a supply of water, and walled with stone to prevent the earth from caving in. 3. In ships, an apartment in the middle of a ships hold, to inclose the pumps, from the bottom to the lower deck. 4. In a fishing vessel, an apartment in the middle of the hold, made tight at the sides, but having holes perforated int he bottom to let in fresh water for the preservation of fish, while they are transported to market. 5. In the military art, a hole or excavation in the earth, in mining, from which run branches or galleries.
adj 1: in good health especially after having suffered illness or injury; "appears to be entirely well"; "the wound is nearly well"; "a well man"; "I think I'm well; at least I feel well" [ant: ill, sick] 2: resulting favorably; "it's a good thing that I wasn't there"; "it is good that you stayed"; "it is well that no one saw you"; "all's well that ends well" [syn: good, well] 3: wise or advantageous and hence advisable; "it would be well to start early" n 1: a deep hole or shaft dug or drilled to obtain water or oil or gas or brine 2: a cavity or vessel used to contain liquid 3: an abundant source; "she was a well of information" [syn: well, wellspring, fountainhead] 4: an open shaft through the floors of a building (as for a stairway) 5: an enclosed compartment in a ship or plane for holding something as e.g. fish or a plane's landing gear or for protecting something as e.g. a ship's pumps v 1: come up, as of a liquid; "Tears well in her eyes"; "the currents well up" [syn: well, swell] adv 1: (often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good' is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well'); "the children behaved well"; "a task well done"; "the party went well"; "he slept well"; "a well-argued thesis"; "a well-seasoned dish"; "a well-planned party"; "the baby can walk pretty good" [syn: well, good] [ant: badly, ill, poorly] 2: thoroughly or completely; fully; often used as a combining form; "The problem is well understood"; "she was well informed"; "shake well before using"; "in order to avoid food poisoning be sure the meat is well cooked"; "well-done beef", "well-satisfied customers"; "well-educated" 3: indicating high probability; in all likelihood; "I might well do it"; "a mistake that could easily have ended in disaster"; "you may well need your umbrella"; "he could equally well be trying to deceive us" [syn: well, easily] 4: (used for emphasis or as an intensifier) entirely or fully; "a book well worth reading"; "was well aware of the difficulties ahead"; "suspected only too well what might be going on" 5: to a suitable or appropriate extent or degree; "the project was well underway"; "the fetus has well developed organs"; "his father was well pleased with his grades" 6: favorably; with approval; "their neighbors spoke well of them"; "he thought well of the book" [ant: badly, ill] 7: to a great extent or degree; "I'm afraid the film was well over budget"; "painting the room white made it seem considerably (or substantially) larger"; "the house has fallen considerably in value"; "the price went up substantially" [syn: well, considerably, substantially] 8: with great or especially intimate knowledge; "we knew them well" [syn: well, intimately] 9: with prudence or propriety; "You would do well to say nothing more"; "could not well refuse" 10: with skill or in a pleasing manner; "she dances well"; "he writes well" [ant: badly] 11: in a manner affording benefit or advantage; "she married well"; "The children were settled advantageously in Seattle" [syn: well, advantageously] [ant: badly, disadvantageously] 12: in financial comfort; "They live well"; "she has been able to live comfortably since her husband died" [syn: well, comfortably] 13: without unusual distress or resentment; with good humor; "took the joke well"; "took the tragic news well" [ant: badly]
I. nounEtymology: Middle English welle, from Old English; akin to Old English weallan to bubble, boil, Old High German wella wave, Lithuanian vilnisDate: before 12th century 1.a. an issue of water from the earth ; a pool fed by a spring b.source, origin2.a. a pit or hole sunk into the earth to reach a supply of water b. a shaft or hole sunk to obtain oil, brine, or gas 3.a. an enclosure in the middle of a ship's hold to protect from damage and facilitate the inspection of the pumps b. a compartment in the hold of a fishing boat in which fish are kept alive 4. an open space extending vertically through floors of a structure 5. a space having a construction or shape suggesting a well for water 6.a. something resembling a well in being damp, cool, deep, or dark b. a deep vertical hole c. a source from which something may be drawn as needed 7. a pronounced minimum of a variable in physics <a potential well> II. verbEtymology: Middle English, from Old English wellan to cause to well; akin to Old English weallan to bubble, boil Date: before 12th century intransitive verb1. to rise to the surface and usually flow forth <tears welled from her eyes> 2. to rise like a flood of liquid <longing welled up in his breast> transitive verb to emit in a copious free flow III. adverb (better; best) Etymology: Middle English wel, from Old English; akin to Old High German wela well, Old English wyllan to wish — more at willDate: before 12th century 1.a. in a good or proper manner ; justly, rightlyb. satisfactorily with respect to conduct or action <did well in math> <works well under pressure> 2. in a kindly or friendly manner <spoke well of your idea> <wished them well> 3.a. with skill or aptitude ; expertly, excellently <paints well> b. satisfactorily <the plan worked well> c. with good appearance or effect ; elegantly <carried himself well> 4. with careful or close attention ; attentively <watch well what I do> 5. to a high degree <well deserved the honor> <a well-equipped kitchen> — often used as an intensifier or qualifier <there are…vacancies pretty well all the time — Listener> 6.fully, quite<well worth the price> 7.a. in a way appropriate to the facts or circumstances ; fittingly, rightly<well said> b. in a prudent manner ; sensibly — used with do<you would do well to reread the material> 8. in accordance with the occasion or circumstances ; with propriety or good reason <cannot well refuse> <the decision may well be questioned> 9.a. as one could wish ; pleasingly <the idea didn't sit well with her> b. with material success ; advantageously <married well> 10.a.easily, readily<could well afford a new car> b. in all likelihood ;indeed<it may well be true> 11. in a prosperous or affluent manner <he lives well> 12. to an extent approaching completeness ; thoroughly <after being well dried with a towel> 13. without doubt or question ;clearly<well knew the penalty> 14. in a familiar manner <knew her well> 15. to a large extent or degree ; considerably, far<well over a million> Usage:seegoodIV. interjectionDate: before 12th century 1. — used to indicate resumption of discourse or to introduce a remark <they are, well, not quite what you'd expect> 2. — used to express surprise or expostulation <well, what have we here?> V. adjectiveDate: before 12th century 1.a.prosperous, well-offb. being in satisfactory condition or circumstances 2. being in good standing or favor 3.satisfactory, pleasing<all's well that ends well> 4.advisable, desirable<it might be well for you to leave> 5.a. free or recovered from infirmity or disease ;healthy<he's not a well man> b. completely cured or healed <the wound is nearly well> 6. pleasing or satisfactory in appearance <our garden looks well — Conrad Aiken> 7. being a cause for thankfulness ;fortunate<it is well that this has happened> Synonyms:seehealthyUsage:seegood
1. adv., adj., & int. --adv. (better, best) 1 in a satisfactory way (you have worked well). 2 in the right way (well said; you did well to tell me). 3 with some talent or distinction (plays the piano well). 4 in a kind way (treated me well). 5 thoroughly, carefully (polish it well). 6 with heartiness or approval; favourably (speak well of; the book was well reviewed). 7 probably, reasonably, advisably (you may well be right; you may well ask; we might well take the risk). 8 to a considerable extent (is well over forty). 9 successfully, fortunately (it turned out well). 10 luckily, opportunely (well met!). 11 with a fortunate outcome; without disaster (were well rid of them). 12 profitably (did well for themselves). 13 comfortably, abundantly, liberally (we live well here; the job pays well). --adj. (better, best) 1 (usu. predic.) in good health (are you well?; was not a well person). 2 (predic.) a in a satisfactory state or position (all is well). b advisable (it would be well to enquire). --int. expressing surprise, resignation, insistence, etc., or resumption or continuation of talk, used esp. after a pause in speaking (well I never!; well, I suppose so; well, who was it?). Phrases and idioms: as well 1 in addition; to an equal extent. 2 (also just as well) with equal reason; with no loss of advantage or need for regret (may as well give up; it would be just as well to stop now). as well as in addition to. leave (or let) well alone avoid needless change or disturbance. well-acquainted (usu. foll. by with) familiar. well-adjusted 1 in a good state of adjustment. 2 Psychol. mentally and emotionally stable. well-advised (usu. foll. by to + infin.) (of a person) prudent (would be well-advised to wait). well-affected (often foll. by to, towards) favourably disposed. well and good expressing dispassionate acceptance of a decision etc. well and truly decisively, completely. well-appointed having all the necessary equipment. well aware certainly aware (well aware of the danger). well away 1 having made considerable progress. 2 colloq. fast asleep or drunk. well-balanced 1 sane, sensible. 2 equally matched. well-behaved see BEHAVE. well-being a state of being well, healthy, contented, etc. well-beloved adj. dearly loved. --n. (pl. same) a dearly loved person. well-born of noble family. well-bred having or showing good breeding or manners. well-built 1 of good construction. 2 (of a person) big and strong and well-proportioned. well-chosen (of words etc.) carefully selected for effect. well-conditioned in good physical or moral condition. well-conducted (of a meeting etc.) properly organized and controlled. well-connected see CONNECTED. well-covered colloq. plump, corpulent. well-defined clearly indicated or determined. well-deserved rightfully merited or earned. well-disposed (often foll. by towards) having a good disposition or friendly feeling (for). well done 1 (of meat etc.) thoroughly cooked. 2 (of a task etc.) performed well (also as int.). well-dressed fashionably smart. well-earned fully deserved. well-endowed 1 well provided with talent etc. 2 colloq. sexually potent or attractive. well-favoured good-looking. well-fed having or having had plenty to eat. well-found = well-appointed. well-founded (of suspicions etc.) based on good evidence; having a foundation in fact or reason. well-groomed (of a person) with carefully tended hair, clothes, etc. well-grounded 1 = well-founded. 2 having a good training in or knowledge of the groundwork of a subject. well-heeled colloq. wealthy. well-hung colloq. (of a man) having large genitals. well-informed having much knowledge or information about a subject. well-intentioned having or showing good intentions. well-judged opportunely, skilfully, or discreetly done. well-kept kept in good order or condition. well-knit (esp. of a person) compact; not loose-jointed or sprawling. well-known 1 known to many. 2 known thoroughly. well-made 1 strongly or skilfully manufactured. 2 (of a person or animal) having a good build. well-mannered having good manners. well-marked distinct; easy to detect. well-matched see MATCH(1). well-meaning (or -meant) well-intentioned (but ineffective or unwise). well off 1 having plenty of money. 2 in a fortunate situation or circumstances. well-oiled colloq. 1 drunk. 2 (of a compliment etc.) easily expressed through habitual use. well-ordered arranged in an orderly manner. well-paid 1 (of a job) that pays well. 2 (of a person) amply rewarded for a job. well-pleased highly gratified or satisfied. well-preserved see PRESERVE. well-read knowledgeable through much reading. well-received welcomed; favourably received. well-rounded 1 complete and symmetrical. 2 (of a phrase etc.) complete and well expressed. 3 (of a person) having or showing a fully developed personality, ability, etc. well-spent (esp. of money or time) used profitably. well-spoken articulate or refined in speech. well-thought-of having a good reputation; esteemed, respected. well-thought-out carefully devised. well-thumbed bearing marks of frequent handling. well-timed opportune, timely. well-to-do prosperous. well-tried often tested with good results. well-trodden much frequented. well-turned 1 (of a compliment, phrase, or verse) elegantly expressed. 2 (of a leg, ankle, etc.) elegantly shaped or displayed. well-upholstered see UPHOLSTER. well-wisher a person who wishes one well. well-woman a woman who has undergone satisfactory gynaecological tests (often attrib.: well-woman clinic). well-worn 1 much worn by use. 2 (of a phrase etc.) trite, hackneyed. well worth certainly worth (well worth a visit; well worth visiting). Usage: A hyphen is normally used in combinations of well- when used attributively, but not when used predicatively, e.g. a well-made coat but the coat is well made. Derivatives: wellness n. Etymology: OE wel, well prob. f. the same stem as WILL(1) 2. n. & v. --n. 1 a shaft sunk into the ground to obtain water, oil, etc. 2 an enclosed space like a well-shaft, e.g. in the middle of a building for stairs or a lift, or for light or ventilation. 3 (foll. by of) a source, esp. a copious one (a well of information). 4 a a mineral spring. b (in pl.) a spa. 5 = ink-well. 6 archaic a water-spring or fountain. 7 Brit. a railed space for solicitors etc. in a lawcourt. 8 a depression for gravy etc. in a dish or tray, or for a mat in the floor. 9 Physics a region of minimum potential etc. --v.intr. (foll. by out, up) spring as from a fountain; flow copiously. Phrases and idioms: well-head (or -spring) a source. Etymology: OE wella (= OHG wella wave, ON vella boiling heat), wellan boil, melt f. Gmc
Well Well, n. [OE. welle, AS. wella, wylla, from weallan to well up, surge, boil; akin to D. wel a spring or fountain. ????. See Well, v. i.] 1. An issue of water from the earth; a spring; a fountain. Begin, then, sisters of the sacred well. --Milton. 2. A pit or hole sunk into the earth to such a depth as to reach a supply of water, generally of a cylindrical form, and often walled with stone or bricks to prevent the earth from caving in. The woman said unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. --John iv. 11. 3. A shaft made in the earth to obtain oil or brine. 4. Fig.: A source of supply; fountain; wellspring. ``This well of mercy.'' --Chaucer. Dan Chaucer, well of English undefiled. --Spenser. A well of serious thought and pure. --Keble. 5. (Naut.) (a) An inclosure in the middle of a vessel's hold, around the pumps, from the bottom to the lower deck, to preserve the pumps from damage and facilitate their inspection. (b) A compartment in the middle of the hold of a fishing vessel, made tight at the sides, but having holes perforated in the bottom to let in water for the preservation of fish alive while they are transported to market. (c) A vertical passage in the stern into which an auxiliary screw propeller may be drawn up out of water. (d) A depressed space in the after part of the deck; -- often called the cockpit. 6. (Mil.) A hole or excavation in the earth, in mining, from which run branches or galleries. 7. (Arch.) An opening through the floors of a building, as for a staircase or an elevator; a wellhole. 8. (Metal.) The lower part of a furnace, into which the metal falls. Artesian well, Driven well. See under Artesian, and Driven. Pump well. (Naut.) See Well, 5 (a), above. Well boring, the art or process of boring an artesian well. Well drain. (a) A drain or vent for water, somewhat like a well or pit, serving to discharge the water of wet land. (b) A drain conducting to a well or pit. Well room. (a) A room where a well or spring is situated; especially, one built over a mineral spring. (b) (Naut.) A depression in the bottom of a boat, into which water may run, and whence it is thrown out with a scoop. Well sinker, one who sinks or digs wells. Well sinking, the art or process of sinking or digging wells. Well staircase (Arch.), a staircase having a wellhole (see Wellhole (b) ), as distinguished from one which occupies the whole of the space left for it in the floor. Well sweep. Same as Sweep, n., 12. Well water, the water that flows into a well from subterraneous springs; the water drawn from a well.
Well Well, adv. [Compar. and superl. wanting, the deficiency being supplied by better and best, from another root.] [OE. wel, AS. wel; akin to OS., OFries., & D. wel, G. wohl, OHG. wola, wela, Icel. & Dan. vel, Sw. v["a]l, Goth. wa['i]la; originally meaning, according to one's will or wish. See Will, v. t., and cf. Wealth.] 1. In a good or proper manner; justly; rightly; not ill or wickedly. If thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. --Gen. iv. 7. 2. Suitably to one's condition, to the occasion, or to a proposed end or use; suitably; abundantly; fully; adequately; thoroughly. Lot . . . beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered everywhere. --Gen. xiii. 10. WE are wellable to overcome it. --Num. xiii. 30. She looketh well to the ways of her household. --Prov. xxxi. 27. Servant of God, well done! well hast thou fought The better fight. --Milton. 3. Fully or about; -- used with numbers. [Obs.] ``Well a ten or twelve.'' --Chaucer. Well nine and twenty in a company. --Chaucer. 4. In such manner as is desirable; so as one could wish; satisfactorily; favorably; advantageously; conveniently. ``It boded well to you.'' --Dryden. Know In measure what the mind may well contain. --Milton. All the world speaks well of you. --Pope. 5. Considerably; not a little; far. Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age. --Gen. xviii. 11. Note: Well is sometimes used elliptically for it is well, as an expression of satisfaction with what has been said or done, and sometimes it expresses concession, or is merely expletive; as, well, the work is done; well, let us go; well, well, be it so. Note: Well, like above, ill, and so, is used before many participial adjectives in its usual adverbial senses, and subject to the same custom with regard to the use of the hyphen (see the Note under Ill, adv.); as, a well-affected supporter; he was well affected toward the project; a well-trained speaker; he was well trained in speaking; well-educated, or well educated; well-dressed, or well dressed; well-appearing; well-behaved; well-controlled; well-designed; well-directed; well-formed; well-meant; well-minded; well-ordered; well-performed; well-pleased; well-pleasing; well-seasoned; well-steered; well-tasted; well-told, etc. Such compound epithets usually have an obvious meaning, and since they may be formed at will, only a few of this class are given in the Vocabulary. As well. See under As. As well as, and also; together with; not less than; one as much as the other; as, a sickness long, as well as severe; London is the largest city in England, as well as the capital. Well enough, well or good in a moderate degree; so as to give satisfaction, or so as to require no alteration. Well off, in good condition; especially, in good condition as to property or any advantages; thriving; prosperous. Well to do, well off; prosperous; -- used also adjectively. ``The class well to do in the world.'' --J. H. Newman. Well to live, in easy circumstances; well off; well to do. --Shak.
Well Well, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Welled; p. pr. & vb. n. Welling.] [OE. wellen, AS. wyllan, wellan, fr. weallan; akin to OFries. walla, OS. & OHG. wallan, G. wallen, Icel. vella, G. welle, wave, OHG. wella, walm, AS. wylm; cf. L. volvere to roll, Gr. ? to inwrap, ? to roll. Cf. Voluble, Wallop to boil, Wallow, Weld of metal.] To issue forth, as water from the earth; to flow; to spring. ``[Blood] welled from out the wound.'' --Dryden. ``[Yon spring] wells softly forth.'' --Bryant. From his two springs in Gojam's sunny realm, Pure welling out, he through the lucid lake Of fair Dambea rolls his infant streams. --Thomson.
Well Well, a. 1. Good in condition or circumstances; desirable, either in a natural or moral sense; fortunate; convenient; advantageous; happy; as, it is well for the country that the crops did not fail; it is well that the mistake was discovered. It was well with us in Egypt. --Num. xi. 18. 2. Being in health; sound in body; not ailing, diseased, or sick; healthy; as, a well man; the patient is perfectly well. ``Your friends are well.'' --Shak. Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? --Gen. xliii. 27. 3. Being in favor; favored; fortunate. He followed the fortunes of that family, and was well with Henry the Fourth. --Dryden. 4. (Marine Insurance) Safe; as, a chip warranted well at a certain day and place. --Burrill.
7. To proceed by a mental operation; to pass in mind or by an act of the memory or imagination; -- generally with over or through. By going over all these particulars, you may receive some tolerable satisfaction about this great subject. --South. 8. To be with young; to be pregnant; to gestate. The fruit she goes with, I pray for heartily, that it may find Good time, and live. --Shak. 9. To move from the person speaking, or from the point whence the action is contemplated; to pass away; to leave; to depart; -- in opposition to stay and come. I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the Lord your God; . . . only ye shall not go very far away. --Ex. viii. 28. 10. To pass away; to depart forever; to be lost or ruined; to perish; to decline; to decease; to die. By Saint George, he's gone! That spear wound hath our master sped. --Sir W. Scott. 11. To reach; to extend; to lead; as, a line goes across the street; his land goes to the river; this road goes to New York. His amorous expressions go no further than virtue may allow. --Dryden. 12. To have recourse; to resort; as, to go to law. Note: Go is used, in combination with many prepositions and adverbs, to denote motion of the kind indicated by the preposition or adverb, in which, and not in the verb, lies the principal force of the expression; as, to go against to go into, to go out, to go aside, to go astray, etc. Go to, come; move; go away; -- a phrase of exclamation, serious or ironical. To go a-begging, not to be in demand; to be undesired. To go about. (a) To set about; to enter upon a scheme of action; to undertake. ``They went about to slay him.'' --Acts ix. 29. They never go about . . . to hide or palliate their vices. --Swift. (b) (Naut.) To tack; to turn the head of a ship; to wear. To go abraod. (a) To go to a foreign country. (b) To go out of doors. (c) To become public; to be published or disclosed; to be current. Then went this saying abroad among the brethren. --John xxi. 23. To go against. (a) To march against; to attack. (b) To be in opposition to; to be disagreeable to. To go ahead. (a) To go in advance. (b) To go on; to make progress; to proceed. To go and come. See To come and go, under Come. To go aside. (a) To withdraw; to retire. He . . . went aside privately into a desert place. --Luke. ix. 10. (b) To go from what is right; to err. --Num. v. 29. To go back on. (a) To retrace (one's path or footsteps). (b) To abandon; to turn against; to betray. [Slang, U. S.] To go below (Naut), to go below deck. To go between, to interpose or mediate between; to be a secret agent between parties; in a bad sense, to pander. To go beyond. See under Beyond. To go by, to pass away unnoticed; to omit. To go by the board (Naut.), to fall or be carried overboard; as, the mast went by the board. To go down. (a) To descend. (b) To go below the horizon; as, the sun has gone down. (c) To sink; to founder; -- said of ships, etc. (d) To be swallowed; -- used literally or figuratively. [Colloq.] Nothing so ridiculous, . . . but it goes down whole with him for truth. --L' Estrange. To go far. (a) To go to a distance. (b) To have much weight or influence. To go for. (a) To go in quest of. (b) To represent; to pass for. (c) To favor; to advocate. (d) To attack; to assault. [Low] (e) To sell for; to be parted with for (a price). To go for nothing, to be parted with for no compensation or result; to have no value, efficacy, or influence; to count for nothing. To go forth. (a) To depart from a place. (b) To be divulged or made generally known; to emanate. The law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. --Micah iv. 2. To go hard with, to trouble, pain, or endanger. To go in, to engage in; to take part. [Colloq.] To go in and out, to do the business of life; to live; to have free access. --John x. 9. To go in for. [Colloq.] (a) To go for; to favor or advocate (a candidate, a measure, etc.). (b) To seek to acquire or attain to (wealth, honor, preferment, etc.) (c) To complete for (a reward, election, etc.). (d) To make the object of one's labors, studies, etc. He was as ready to go in for statistics as for anything else. --Dickens. To go in to or unto. (a) To enter the presence of. --Esther iv. 16. (b) To have sexual intercourse with. [Script.] To go into. (a) To speak of, investigate, or discuss (a question, subject, etc.). (b) To participate in (a war, a business, etc.). To go large. (Naut) See under Large. To go off. (a) To go away; to depart. The leaders . . . will not go off until they hear you. --Shak. (b) To cease; to intermit; as, this sickness went off. (c) To die. --Shak. (d) To explode or be discharged; -- said of gunpowder, of a gun, a mine, etc. (e) To find a purchaser; to be sold or disposed of. (f) To pass off; to take place; to be accomplished. The wedding went off much as such affairs do. --Mrs. Caskell. To go on. (a) To proceed; to advance further; to continue; as, to go on reading. (b) To be put or drawn on; to fit over; as, the coat will not go on. To go all fours, to correspond exactly, point for point. It is not easy to make a simile go on all fours. --Macaulay. To go out. (a) To issue forth from a place. (b) To go abroad; to make an excursion or expedition. There are other men fitter to go out than I. --Shak. What went ye out for to see ? --Matt. xi. 7, 8, 9. (c) To become diffused, divulged, or spread abroad, as news, fame etc. (d) To expire; to die; to cease; to come to an end; as, the light has gone out. Life itself goes out at thy displeasure. --Addison. To go over. (a) To traverse; to cross, as a river, boundary, etc.; to change sides. I must not go over Jordan. --Deut. iv. 22. Let me go over, and see the good land that is beyond Jordan. --Deut. iii. 25. Ishmael . . . departed to go over to the Ammonites. --Jer. xli. 10. (b) To read, or study; to examine; to review; as, to go over one's accounts. If we go over the laws of Christianity, we shall find that . . . they enjoin the same thing. --Tillotson. (c) To transcend; to surpass. (d) To be postponed; as, the bill went over for the session. (e) (Chem.) To be converted (into a specified substance or material); as, monoclinic sulphur goes over into orthorhombic, by standing; sucrose goes over into dextrose and levulose. To go through. (a) To accomplish; as, to go through a work. (b) To suffer; to endure to the end; as, to go through a surgical operation or a tedious illness. (c) To spend completely; to exhaust, as a fortune. (d) To strip or despoil (one) of his property. [Slang] (e) To botch or bungle a business. [Scot.] To go through with, to perform, as a calculation, to the end; to complete. To go to ground. (a) To escape into a hole; -- said of a hunted fox. (b) To fall in battle. To go to naught (Colloq.), to prove abortive, or unavailling. To go under. (a) To set; -- said of the sun. (b) To be known or recognized by (a name, title, etc.). (c) To be overwhelmed, submerged, or defeated; to perish; to succumb. To go up, to come to nothing; to prove abortive; to fail. [Slang] To go upon, to act upon, as a foundation or hypothesis. To go with. (a) To accompany. (b) To coincide or agree with. (c) To suit; to harmonize with. To go ( well, ill, or hard) with, to affect (one) in such manner. To go without, to be, or to remain, destitute of. To go wrong. (a) To take a wrong road or direction; to wander or stray. (b) To depart from virtue. (c) To happen unfortunately. (d) To miss success. To let go, to allow to depart; to quit one's hold; to release.
I.DISCOURSE USESFrequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.Note: 'Well' is used mainly in spoken English.Please look at category 13 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword. 1. You say well to indicate that you are about to say something. Well, I don't like the look of that.ADV: ADV cl 2. You say well to indicate that you intend or want to carry on speaking. The trouble with City is that they do not have enough quality players. Well, that can easily be rectified.ADV: ADV cl 3. You say well to indicate that you are changing the topic, and are either going back to something that was being discussed earlier or are going on to something new. Well, let's press on.= anyway, so ADV: ADV cl 4. You say well to indicate that you have reached the end of a conversation. 'I'm sure you will be an asset,' she finally added. 'Well, I see it's just about time for lunch.'...ADV: ADV cl 5. You say well to make a suggestion, criticism, or correction seem less definite or rude. Well, maybe it would be easier to start with a smaller problem...Well, let's wait and see...ADV: ADV cl 6. You say well just before or after you pause, especially to give yourself time to think about what you are going to say. Look, I'm really sorry I woke you, and, well, I just wanted to tell you I was all right.ADV: ADV cl 7. You say well when you are correcting something that you have just said. The comet is going to come back in 2061 and we are all going to be able to see it. Well, our offspring are, anyway...ADV: ADV cl/group 8. You say well to express your doubt about something that someone has said. 'But finance is far more serious.'—'Well I don't know really.'ADV: ADV cl [feelings] 9. You say well to express your surprise or anger at something that someone has just said or done. Well, honestly! They're like an old married couple at times.EXCLAM [feelings] 10. You say well to indicate that you are waiting for someone to say something and often to express your irritation with them. 'Well?' asked Barry, 'what does it tell us?'...'Well, why don't you ask me?' he said finally.= so CONVENTION [feelings] 11. You use well to indicate that you are amused by something you have heard or seen, and often to introduce a comment on it. Well, well, well, look at you. Ethel, look at this little fat girl...CONVENTION [feelings] 12. You say oh well to indicate that you accept a situation or that someone else should accept it, even though you or they are not very happy about it, because it is not too bad and cannot be changed. Oh well, it could be worse...'I called her and she said no.'—'Oh well.'CONVENTION [feelings] 13. very well: seeveryII.ADVERB USES(better, best)Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. 1. If you do something well, you do it to a high standard or to a great extent. All the Indian batsmen played well...He speaks English better than I do...It is a formula that worked very well indeed...I don't really know her very well.ADV: ADV after v 2. If you do something well, you do it thoroughly and completely. Mix all the ingredients well...Wash your hands well with soap.= thoroughly ADV: ADV after v 3. If you speak or think wellof someone, you say or think favourable things about them. 'He speaks well of you.'—'I'm glad to hear that.'...It might help people think better of him.ADV: ADV after v 4. Well is used in front of past participles to indicate that something is done to a high standard or to a great extent. Helen is a very well-known novelist in Australia...People live longer nowadays, and they are better educated...British nurses were among the best trained in Europe.COMB in ADJ 5. You use well to ask or talk about the extent or standard of something. How well do you remember your mother, Franzi?...This new career doesn't pay nearly as well as the old one...He wasn't dressed any better than me.ADV: how ADV, as ADV as, ADV compar than 6. You use well in front of a prepositional phrase to emphasize it. For example, if you say that one thing happened well before another, you mean that it happened a long time before it. Franklin did not turn up until well after midnight...There are well over a million Muslims in Britain.ADV: ADV prep [emphasis] 7. You use well before certain adjectives to emphasize them. She has a close group of friends who are very well aware of what she has suffered...The show is well worth a visit.ADV: ADV adj [emphasis] 8. You use well after adverbs such as 'perfectly', 'jolly', or 'damn' in order to emphasize an opinion or the truth of what you are saying. You know perfectly well I can't be blamed for the failure of that mission...I'd got myself into this marriage and I jolly well had to get myself out of it.ADV: adv ADV, ADV with v [emphasis] 9. You use well after verbs such as 'may' and 'could' when you are saying what you think is likely to happen. The murderer may well come from the estate...Ours could well be the last generation for which moviegoing has a sense of magic.ADV: modal ADV [emphasis] III.PHRASESFrequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.Please look at category 7 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword. 1. You use as well when mentioning something which happens in the same way as something else already mentioned, or which should be considered at the same time as that thing. It is most often diagnosed in women in their thirties and forties, although I've seen it in many younger women, as well...'What do you like about it then?'—'Erm, the history, the shops–people are quite friendly as well.'= too PHRASE: cl PHR 2. You use as well as when you want to mention another item connected with the subject you are discussing. It is in his best interests as well as yours...As well as a good academic record I look for people who've climbed mountains or been captain of a team.PREP-PHRASE 3. If you say that something that has happened is just as well, you mean that it is fortunate that it happened in the way it did. Judging from everything you've said, it was just as well she wasn't there.PHRASE: V inflects, oft it PHR that 4. You say it is as well to think or do something when you are advising someone to think in a particular way or to take a particular action. It is as well to bear in mind that laughter is a great releaser of tension.PHRASE: V inflects, PHR inf 5. If you say that someone would do well to do something, you mean that you advise or recommend that they do it. He would do well to remember that, sooner or later, everyone's luck runs out...Investors would do well to take a look at the Swiss economy.PHRASE 6. If you say that something, usually something bad, might as well be true or may as well be true, you mean that the situation is the same or almost the same as if it were true. The couple might as well have been strangers...We might just as well be in prison for all the quality our lives have at present.PHRASE: PHR inf 7. If you say that you might as well do something, or that you may as well do it, you mean that you will do it although you do not have a strong desire to do it and may even feel slightly unwilling to do it. If I've got to go somewhere I may as well go to Birmingham...Anyway, you're here; you might as well stay...I'll come with you if you like. I might as well.PHRASE: usu PHR inf 8. If you say that something is all well and good, you are suggesting that it has faults or disadvantages, although it may appear to be correct or reasonable. It's all well and good for him to say he's sorry for dropping you, but has he told you why he did it?PHRASE: usu v-link PHR, oft PHR for n, PHR to-inf 9. You say well and good or all well and good to indicate that you would be pleased if something happens but you are aware that it has some disadvantages. If they arrive before I leave, well and good. If not, the responsibility will be mine...This is all well and good, but we have to look at the situation in the long term.PHRASE: usu PHR with cl, v-link PHR, it v-link PHR to-inf/-ing 10. If you say that something is well and truly finished, gone, or done, you are emphasizing that it is completely finished or gone, or thoroughly done. (mainly BRIT) The war is well and truly over.PHRASE: PHR group [emphasis] 11. all very well: seeall to know full well: seefull to mean well: seemeanpretty well: seeprettyIV.ADJECTIVE USEFrequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. If you are well, you are healthy and not ill. I'm not very well today, I can't come in...I hope you're well.? ill ADJ: usu v-link ADJV.NOUN USES(wells) 1. A well is a hole in the ground from which a supply of water is extracted. I had to fetch water from the well.N-COUNT 2. A well is an oil well. About 650 wells are on fire.N-COUNTVI.VERB USES(wells, welling, welled) 1. If liquids, for example tears, well, they come to the surface and form a pool. Tears welled in her eyes...He fell back, blood welling from a gash in his thigh.VERB: V, V from n • Well up means the same as well. Tears welled up in Anni's eyes.PHRASAL VERB: V P 2. If an emotion wells in you, it suddenly becomes stronger, to the point where you have to express it. Gratitude welled in Chryssa...Her love for him welled stronger than ever.VERB: V in/inside n, V • Well up means the same as well. He could feel the anger welling up inside him...Hope welled up.= rise up PHRASAL VERB: V P in/inside n, V P
(Heb. beer), to be distinguished from a fountain (Heb. 'ain). A "beer" was a deep shaft, bored far under the rocky surface by the art of man, which contained water which percolated through the strata in its sides. Such wells were those of Jacob and Beersheba, etc. (see Gen. 21:19, 25, 30, 31; 24:11; 26:15, 18-25, 32, etc.). In the Pentateuch this word beer, so rendered, occurs twenty-five times.
(1) (be'er; compare Arabic bi'r, "well" or "cistern"; usually artificial: "And Isaac's servants digged (dug) in the valley, and found there a well of springing (margin "living") water" (Ge 26:19); some times covered: "Jacob .... rolled the stone from the well's mouth" (Ge 29:10). Be'er may also be a pit: "The vale of Siddim was full of slime pits" (Ge 14:10); "the pit of destruction" (Ps 55:23).
(2) (bor), usually "pit": "Let us slay him, and cast him into one of the pits" (Ge 37:20); may be "well": "drew water out of the well of Beth-lehem" (2Sa 23:16).
(3) (pege), usually "running water," "fount," or "source": "Doth the fountain send forth from the same opening sweet water and bitter?" (Jas 3:11); may be "well"; compare "Jacob's well" (Joh 4:6).
(4) (phrear), usually "pit": "the pit of the abyss" (Re 9:1); but "well"; compare "Jacob's well" (Joh 4:11,12): "Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a well" (the King James Version "pit") (Lu 14:5).
(6) ayin), compare Arabic `ain "fountain," "spring": "the fountain (English Versions of the Bible) which is in Jezreel" (1Sa 29:1); "In Elim were twelve springs (the King James Version "fountains"] of water" (Nu 33:9); "She (Rebekah) went down to the fountain" (the King James Version "well") (Ge 24:16); "the jackal's well" (the English Revised Version "the dragon's well," the King James Version "the dragon well") (Ne 2:13).
(7) (ma`yan), same root as (6); "the fountain (the King James Version "well") of the waters of Nephtoah" (Jos 18:15); "Passing through the valley of Weeping (the King James Version "Baca") they make it a place of springs" (the King James Version "well") (Ps 84:6); "Ye shall draw water out of the wells of salvation" (Isa 12:3).
(8) (maqor), usually figurative: "With thee is the fountain of life" (Ps 36:9); "The mouth of the righteous is a fountain (the King James Version "well") of life" (Pr 10:11); "make her (Babylon's) fountain (the King James Version "spring") dry" (Jer 51:36); "a corrupted spring" (Pr 25:26).
(9) (mabbu`), (nabha`, "to flow," "spring," "bubble up"; compare Arabic (nab`, manba`, yanbu`) "fountain": "or the pitcher is broken at the fountain" (Ec 12:6); "the thirsty ground springs of water" (Isa 35:7).
(10) (motsa'), "spring," (yatsa'), "to go out," "the dry land springs of water" (Isa 41:18); "a dry land into watersprings" (Ps 107:35); "the upper spring of the waters of Gihon" (2Ch 32:30).
(11) (nebhekh), root uncertain, reading doubtful; only in Job 38:16, "Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea?"
(12) (tehom), "deep," "abyss"; compare Ge 1:2; translated "springs," the King James Version "depths" (De 8:7).
(13) (gal), (galal), "to roll"; compare Gilgal (Jos 5:9); "a spring shut up" (So 4:12).
(14) (gullah), "bowl," "basin," "pool," same root: "Give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper sprigs and the nether springs" (Jos 15:19); compare Arabic (kullat), pronounced gullat, "a marble," "a cannon-ball."
As is clear from references cited above, wells and springs were not sharply distinguished in name, though be'er, and phrear are used mainly of wells, and `ayin, ma`yan, motsa', mabbua` and (poetically) maqor are chiefly used of fountains. The Arabic bi'r, the equivalent of the Hebrew be'er, usually denotes a cistern for rain-water, though it may be qualified as bi'r jam`, "well of gathering," i.e. for rain-water, or as bi'r nab`, "well of springing water." A spring or natural fountain is called in Arabic `ain or nab` (compare Hebrew `ayin and mabbua`). These Arabic and Hebrew words for "well" and "spring" figure largely in place-names, modern and ancient: Beer (Nu 21:16); Beer-elim (Isa 15:8), etc.; `Ain
(a) on the northeast boundary of Palestine (Nu 34:11),
(b) in the South of Judah, perhaps = En-rimmon (Jos 15:32); Enaim (Ge 38:14); Enam (Jos 15:34), etc.
Modern Arabic names with `ain are very numerous, e.g. `Ainul-fashkhah, `Ain-ul-chajleh, `Ain-karim, etc.
I. n.1. Spring, fountain, well-head, well-spring. 2. Source, origin. II. v. n. Issue, spring, flow. III. ad.1. Rightly, justly, in a proper manner. 2. Properly, suitably, correctly, accurately, thoroughly, skilfully, not amiss. 3. Sufficiently, abundantly, amply, fully, thoroughly, adequately. 4. Favorably, commendably, with praise. 5. Highly, very much. 6. Far, considerably, not a little. 7. Conveniently, easily. IV. a.1. Healthy, hale, hearty, in health, sound, in good health. 2. Fortunate, happy. 3. Profitable, convenient, beneficial, expedient, good, useful, advantageous, for one's advantage, for one's interest. 4. Favored, fortunate, being in favor.