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Trench cavalier
trench coat
trench fever
trench foot
trench knife
trench mortar
trench mouth
Trench plough
Trench plow
trench warfare

Trench definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

TRENCH, v.t.
1. To cut or dig, as a ditch, a channel for water, or a long hollow in the earth. We trench land for draining. [This is the appropriate sense of the word.]
2. To fortify by cutting a ditch and raising a rampart or breast-work of earth thrown out of the ditch. [In this sense, entrench is more generally used.]
3. To furrow; to form with deep furrows by plowing.
4. To cut a long gash. [Not in use.]
TRENCH, v.i. To encroach. [See Entrench.]
TRENCH, n. A long narrow cut in the earth; a ditch; as a trench for draining land.
1. In fortification, a deep ditch cut for defense, or to interrupt the approach of an enemy. The wall or breast-work formed by the earth thrown out of the ditch, is also called a trench, as also any raised work formed with bavins, gabions, wool-packs or other solid materials, Hence, the phrases, to mount the trenches, to guard the trenches, to clear the trenches, etc.open the trenches, to begin to dig, or to form the lines of approach.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: a ditch dug as a fortification having a parapet of the excavated earth
2: a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor [syn: trench, deep, oceanic abyss]
3: any long ditch cut in the ground v
1: impinge or infringe upon; "This impinges on my rights as an individual"; "This matter entrenches on other domains" [syn: impinge, encroach, entrench, trench]
2: fortify by surrounding with trenches; "He trenched his military camp"
3: cut or carve deeply into; "letters trenched into the stone"
4: set, plant, or bury in a trench; "trench the fallen soldiers"; "trench the vegetables"
5: cut a trench in, as for drainage; "ditch the land to drain it"; "trench the fields" [syn: trench, ditch]
6: dig a trench or trenches; "The National Guardsmen were sent out to trench"

Merriam Webster's

I. noun Etymology: Middle English trenche track cut through a wood, from Anglo-French, act of cutting, ditch, from trencher, trenchier to cut, probably from Vulgar Latin *trinicare to cut in three, from Latin trini three each more at trine Date: 15th century 1. a. a long cut in the ground ; ditch; especially one used for military defense often with the excavated dirt thrown up in front b. plural a place, position, or level at which an activity is carried on in a manner likened to trench warfare often used in the phrase in the trenches <activists working in the trenches> 2. a long, narrow, and usually steep-sided depression in the ocean floor compare trough 3. trench coat II. verb Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. to make a cut in ; carve 2. a. to protect with or as if with a trench b. to cut a trench in ; ditch intransitive verb 1. a. entrench, encroach <trenching on other domains which were more vital Sir Winston Churchill> b. to come close ; verge 2. to dig a trench

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & v. --n. 1 a long narrow usu. deep depression or ditch. 2 Mil. a this dug by troops to stand in and be sheltered from enemy fire. b (in pl.) a defensive system of these. 3 a long narrow deep depression in the ocean bed. --v. 1 tr. dig a trench or trenches in (the ground). 2 tr. turn over the earth of (a field, garden, etc.) by digging a succession of adjoining ditches. 3 intr. (foll. by on, upon) archaic a encroach. b verge or border closely. Phrases and idioms: trench coat 1 a soldier's lined or padded waterproof coat. 2 a loose belted raincoat. trench fever a highly infectious disease transmitted by lice, that infested soldiers in the trenches in the war of 1914-18. trench mortar a light simple mortar throwing a bomb from one's own into the enemy trenches. trench warfare hostilities carried on from more or less permanent trenches. Etymology: ME f. OF trenche (n.) trenchier (v.), ult. f. L truncare TRUNCATE

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Trench Trench, n. [OE. trenche, F. tranch['e]e. See Trench, v. t.] 1. A long, narrow cut in the earth; a ditch; as, a trench for draining land. --Mortimer. 2. An alley; a narrow path or walk cut through woods, shrubbery, or the like. [Obs.] In a trench, forth in the park, goeth she. --Chaucer. 3. (Fort.) An excavation made during a siege, for the purpose of covering the troops as they advance toward the besieged place. The term includes the parallels and the approaches. To open the trenches (Mil.), to begin to dig or to form the lines of approach. Trench cavalier (Fort.), an elevation constructed (by a besieger) of gabions, fascines, earth, and the like, about half way up the glacis, in order to discover and enfilade the covered way. Trench plow, or Trench plough, a kind of plow for opening land to a greater depth than that of common furrows.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Trench Trench, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Trenched; p. pr. & vb. n. Trenching.] [OF. trenchier to cut, F. trancher; akin to Pr. trencar, trenchar, Sp. trinchar, It. trinciare; of uncertain origin.] 1. To cut; to form or shape by cutting; to make by incision, hewing, or the like. The wide wound that the boar had trenched In his soft flank. --Shak. This weak impress of love is as a figure Trenched in ice, which with an hour's heat Dissolves to water, and doth lose its form. --Shak. 2. (Fort.) To fortify by cutting a ditch, and raising a rampart or breastwork with the earth thrown out of the ditch; to intrench. --Pope. No more shall trenching war channel her fields. --Shak. 3. To cut furrows or ditches in; as, to trench land for the purpose of draining it. 4. To dig or cultivate very deeply, usually by digging parallel contiguous trenches in succession, filling each from the next; as, to trench a garden for certain crops.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Trench Trench, v. i. 1. To encroach; to intrench. Does it not seem as if for a creature to challenge to itself a boundless attribute, were to trench upon the prerogative of the divine nature? --I. Taylor. 2. To have direction; to aim or tend. [R.] --Bacon. To trench at, to make trenches against; to approach by trenches, as a town in besieging it. [Obs.] Like powerful armies, trenching at a town By slow and silent, but resistless, sap. --Young.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(trenches) 1. A trench is a long narrow channel that is cut into the ground, for example in order to lay pipes or get rid of water. N-COUNT 2. A trench is a long narrow channel in the ground used by soldiers in order to protect themselves from the enemy. People often refer to the battle grounds of the First World War in Northern France and Belgium as the trenches. We fought with them in the trenches. ...trench warfare. N-COUNT: usu the N in pl, N n

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

trench, trensh.

See SIEGE, (5), (8).

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. v. a. 1. Cut, carve. 2. Furrow, intrench. 3. Ditch, dig into ditches, channel. 4. Intrench, fortify with a ditch and parapet. II. v. n. Encroach, intrude, infringe, trespass, intrench. III. n. Ditch, fosse, moat, drain, sewer, water-course, pit, gutter, channel, trough.

Moby Thesaurus

Bassalia, abri, abysm, abyss, abyssal zone, adit, air-raid shelter, approach, approach trench, aqueduct, arroyo, barge in, bathyal zone, benthos, bomb shelter, bombproof, bore, bottom, bottom glade, bottom waters, bottomless depths, bottoms, box canyon, breach, break, break in, break in upon, bunker, burrow, burst in, butt in, canal, canalization, canalize, canyon, carve, cave, cavity, chamfer, channel, channelize, chap, charge in, chasm, check, chimney, chink, chisel, cleave, cleft, cleuch, clough, col, concealment, conduct, conduit, convey, corrugate, coulee, couloir, countermine, coupure, course, cover, covert, coverture, crack, cranny, crash, crash in, crash the gates, creep in, crevasse, crevice, crimp, crowd in, cut, cut apart, cut in, cwm, cyclone cellar, dado, dale, defile, dell, delve, dig, dig out, dike, dingle, ditch, donga, double sap, drain, draw, dredge, drill, drive, duct, dugout, earth, edge in, egress, elbow in, encroach, engrave, entrance, entrench, entrenchment, excavate, excavation, exit, fallout shelter, fault, fire trench, fissure, flaw, flume, flute, flying sap, foist in, fortified tunnel, fosse, foxhole, fracture, funk hole, funnel, furrow, gallery, gap, gape, gash, gill, glen, goffer, gorge, gouge, gouge out, groove, ground, grove, grub, gulch, gulf, gully, gutter, ha-ha, hole, horn in, impinge, impose, impose on, impose upon, incise, incision, infiltrate, infringe, ingress, inner space, insinuate, interfere, interlope, interpose, intervale, intervene, intrude, invade, irrupt, joint, kennel, kloof, leak, lower, lunar rill, mine, moat, notch, nullah, obtrude, ocean bottom, ocean depths, ocean floor, open, opening, parallel, pass, passage, passageway, pelagic zone, pipe, pleat, plow, press in, push in, put on, put through, put upon, quarry, rabbet, ravine, rent, rifle, rift, rime, rive, rupture, rush in, rut, safety zone, sap, scissure, scoop, scoop out, score, scrabble, scrape, scratch, seam, shelter, shovel, sink, siphon, slink in, slip in, slit, slit trench, slot, smash in, sneak in, spade, split, squeeze in, steal in, storm cave, storm cellar, storm in, strath, streak, striate, sunk fence, the deep, the deep sea, the deeps, the depths, throng in, thrust in, trespass, trough, troughing, troughway, tunnel, vale, valley, verge, void, wadi, way, work in, worm in, wrinkle

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