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Adjacent Words

Surgy
Suribachi, Mount
suricat
Suricata
Suricata suricatta
Suricata tetradactyla
Suricate
surikate
surimi
Surinam
Surinam cherry
Surinam River
Surinam toad
Suriname River
Surinamer
Surinamese
Surinamese monetary unit
Surintendant
surjection
surjective
Surlier
Surliest
Surlily
Surliness
Surling
surloin
Surly

Suriname definitions

Flags of the World

Flag of Suriname

CIA World Factbook, 2008

Background
First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party New Front coalition - returned to power in 1991 and has ruled since, expanding to eight parties in 2005.

Location
total: 163,270 sq km land: 161,470 sq km water: 1,800 sq km

Area - comparative
total: 1,703 km border countries: Brazil 593 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

Coastline
territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate
lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m

Natural resources
arable land: 0.36% permanent crops: 0.06% other: 99.58% (2005)

Irrigated land
Total: 0.67 cu km/yr (4%/3%/93%) Per capita: 1,489 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural hazards
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note
0-14 years: 28% (male 67,088/female 64,949) 15-64 years: 65.7% (male 154,148/female 155,345) 65 years and over: 6.2% (male 12,726/female 16,528) (2007 est.)

Median age
total: 27.1 years male: 26.7 years female: 27.5 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.033 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.992 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female total population: 0.988 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate
total: 20.11 deaths/1,000 live births male: 23.73 deaths/1,000 live births female: 16.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.23 years male: 70.52 years female: 76.12 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate
noun: Surinamer(s) adjective: Surinamese

Ethnic groups
definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 89.6% male: 92% female: 87.2% (2004 census)

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Suriname conventional short form: Suriname local long form: Republiek Suriname local short form: Suriname former: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana

Government type
name: Paramaribo geographic coordinates: 5 50 N, 55 10 W time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
chief of state: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 August 2000); Vice President Ramdien SARDJOE (since 3 August 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 August 2000); Vice President Ram SARDJOE (since 3 August 2005) cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly or, if no presidential or vice presidential candidate receives a two-thirds constitutional majority in the National Assembly after two votes, by a simple majority in the larger United People's Assembly (893 representatives from the national, local, and regional councils), for five-year terms (no term limits); election last held on 25 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010) election results: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN reelected president; percent of vote - Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN 62.9%, Rabin PARMESSAR 35.4%, other 1.7%; note - after two votes in the parliament failed to secure a two-thirds majority for a candidate, the vote then went to a special session of the United People's Assembly on 3 August 2005

Legislative branch
elections: last held on 25 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010) election results: percent of vote by party - NF 39.7%, NDP 22.2%, VVV 13.8%, A-Com 7.2%, A-1 5.9%, other 11.2%; seats by party - NF 23, NDP 15, VVV 5, A-Com 5, A-1 3

Judicial branch
chief of mission: Ambassador Jacques Ruben Constantijn KROSS chancery: Suite 460, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 telephone: [1] (202) 244-7488 FAX: [1] (202) 244-5878 consulate(s) general: Miami

Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Lisa Bobbie SCHREIBER HUGHES embassy: Dr. Sophie Redmondstraat 129, Paramaribo mailing address: US Department of State, 3390 Paramaribo Place, Washington, DC, 20521-3390 telephone: [597] 472-900 FAX: [597] 425-690

Flag description
agriculture: 10.8% industry: 24.4% services: 64.8% (2005 est.)

Labor force
agriculture: 8% industry: 14% services: 78% (2004)

Unemployment rate
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices)
revenues: $392.6 million expenditures: $425.9 million (2004)

Agriculture - products
note: Netherlands provided $37 million for project and program assistance, European Development Fund $4 million, Belgium $2 million (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold
note: during 1998, the exchange rate splintered into four distinct rates; in January 1999 the government floated the guilder, but subsequently fixed it when the black-market rate plunged; in January 2004, the government replaced the guilder with the Surinamese dollar, tied to a US dollar-dominated currency basket

Fiscal year
general assessment: international facilities are good domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity about 90 telephones per 100 persons; microwave radio relay network international: country code - 597; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Radio broadcast stations
total: 5 over 3,047 m: 1 under 914 m: 4 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 45 914 to 1,523 m: 5 under 914 m: 40 (2007)

Pipelines
total: 4,304 km paved: 1,130 km unpaved: 3,174 km (2003)

Waterways
total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 1,078 GRT/1,214 DWT by type: cargo 1 (2007)

Ports and terminals
males age 18-49: 111,582 females age 18-49: 103,769 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 18-49: 77,793 females age 18-49: 72,943 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP
0.6% (2006 est.)

Disputes - international
area claimed by French Guiana between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa); Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) arbitration to resolve the long-standing dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters

Illicit drugs
growing transshipment point for South American drugs destined for Europe via the Netherlands and Brazil; transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: a republic in northeastern South America on the Atlantic; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1975 [syn: Suriname, Republic of Suriname, Surinam, Dutch Guiana, Netherlands Guiana]

Merriam Webster's

geographical name 1. (or formerly Dutch Guiana) (or Netherlands Guiana) country N South America between Guyana & French Guiana; a republic, until 1975 territory of the Netherlands capital Paramaribo area 63,251 square miles (163,820 square kilometers), population 403,000 2. river N Suriname flowing N into the Atlantic Surinamer noun Surinamese adjective or noun



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