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Adjacent Words

status asthmaticus
status epilepticus
status in quo
status offender
status quo
status quo ante
status quo ante bellum
status seeking
status symbol
status-of-forces agreement
statute book
Statute cap
Statute fair
Statute labor
statute law
Statute merchant
statute mile
Statute of frauds
statute of limitations
Statute of uses
Statute staple
statute title

Statute definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

STATUTE, [L., to set.]
1. An act of the legislature of a state that extends its binding force to all the citizens or subjects of that state, as distinguished from an act which extends only to an individual or company; an act of the legislature commanding or prohibiting something; a positive law. Statutes are distinguished from common law. The latter owes its binding force to the principles of justice, to long use and the consent of a nation. The former owe their binding force to a positive command or declaration of the supreme power. Statute is commonly applied to the acts of a legislative body consisting of representatives. In monarchies, the laws of the sovereign are called edicts, decrees, ordinances, rescripts, etc.
2. A special act of the supreme power, of a private nature, or intended to operate only on an individual or company.
3. The act of a corporation or of its founder, intended as a permanent rule or law; as the statutes of a university.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: enacted by a legislative body; "statute law"; "codified written laws" [syn: codified, statute] n
1: an act passed by a legislative body [syn: legislative act, statute]

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French estatut, from Late Latin statutum law, regulation, from Latin, neuter of statutus, past participle of statuere to set up, station, from status position, state Date: 14th century 1. a law enacted by the legislative branch of a government 2. an act of a corporation or of its founder intended as a permanent rule 3. an international instrument setting up an agency and regulating its scope or authority Synonyms: see law

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 a written law passed by a legislative body, e.g. an Act of Parliament. 2 a rule of a corporation, founder, etc., intended to be permanent (against the University Statutes). 3 divine law (kept thy statutes). Phrases and idioms: statute-barred (of a case etc.) no longer legally enforceable by reason of the lapse of time. statute-book 1 a book or books containing the statute law. 2 the body of a country's statutes. statute law 1 (collect.) the body of principles and rules of law laid down in statutes as distinct from rules formulated in practical application (cf. common law, case-law (see CASE(1))). 2 a statute. statute mile see MILE 1. statute-roll 1 the rolls in the Public Records Office containing the statutes of the Parliament of England. 2 = statute-book. statutes at large the statutes as originally enacted, regardless of later modifications. Etymology: ME f. OF statut f. LL statutum neut. past part. of L statuere set up f. status: see STATUS

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Retroactive Re`tro*act"ive, a. [Cf. F. r['e]troactif.] Fitted or designed to retroact; operating by returned action; affecting what is past; retrospective. --Beddoes. Retroactive law or statute (Law), one which operates to make criminal or punishable, or in any way expressly to affect, acts done prior to the passing of the law.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Statute Stat"ute, n. [F. statut, LL. statutum, from L. statutus, p. p. of statuere to set, station, ordain, fr. status position, station, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See Stand, and cf. Constitute, Destitute.] 1. An act of the legislature of a state or country, declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something; a positive law; the written will of the legislature expressed with all the requisite forms of legislation; -- used in distinction fraom common law. See Common law, under Common, a. --Bouvier. Note: Statute is commonly applied to the acts of a legislative body consisting of representatives. In monarchies, legislature laws of the sovereign are called edicts, decrees, ordinances, rescripts, etc. In works on international law and in the Roman law, the term is used as embracing all laws imposed by competent authority. Statutes in this sense are divided into statutes real, statutes personal, and statutes mixed; statutes real applying to immovables; statutes personal to movables; and statutes mixed to both classes of property. 2. An act of a corporation or of its founder, intended as a permanent rule or law; as, the statutes of a university. 3. An assemblage of farming servants (held possibly by statute) for the purpose of being hired; -- called also statute fair. [Eng.] Cf. 3d Mop, 2. --Halliwell. Statute book, a record of laws or legislative acts. --Blackstone. Statute cap, a kind of woolen cap; -- so called because enjoined to be worn by a statute, dated in 1571, in behalf of the trade of cappers. [Obs.] --Halliwell. Statute fair. See Statute, n., 3, above. Statute labor, a definite amount of labor required for the public service in making roads, bridges, etc., as in certain English colonies. Statute merchant (Eng. Law), a bond of record pursuant to the stat. 13 Edw. I., acknowledged in form prescribed, on which, if not paid at the day, an execution might be awarded against the body, lands, and goods of the debtor, and the obligee might hold the lands until out of the rents and profits of them the debt was satisfied; -- called also a pocket judgment. It is now fallen into disuse. --Tomlins. --Bouvier. Statute mile. See under Mile. Statute of limitations (Law), a statute assigned a certain time, after which rights can not be enforced by action. Statute staple, a bond of record acknowledged before the mayor of the staple, by virtue of which the creditor may, on nonpayment, forthwith have execution against the body, lands, and goods of the debtor, as in the statute merchant. It is now disused. --Blackstone. Syn: Act; regulation; edict; decree. See Law.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

3. Not invested with, or engaged in, public office or employment; as, a private citizen; private life. --Shak. A private person may arrest a felon. --Blackstone. 4. Not publicly known; not open; secret; as, a private negotiation; a private understanding. 5. Having secret or private knowledge; privy. [Obs.] Private act or statute, a statute exclusively for the settlement of private and personal interests, of which courts do not take judicial notice; -- opposed to a general law, which operates on the whole community

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Public Pub"lic, a. [L. publicus, poblicus, fr. populus people: cf. F. public. See People.] 1. Of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; -- opposed to private; as, the public treasury. To the public good Private respects must yield. --Milton. He [Alexander Hamilton] touched the dead corpse of the public credit, and it sprung upon its feet. --D. Webster. 2. Open to the knowledge or view of all; general; common; notorious; as, public report; public scandal. Joseph, . . . not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily. --Matt. i. 19. 3. Open to common or general use; as, a public road; a public house. ``The public street.'' --Shak. Public act or statute (Law), an act or statute affecting matters of public concern. Of such statutes the courts take judicial notice. Public credit. See under Credit. Public funds. See Fund, 3. Public house, an inn, or house of entertainment. Public law. (a) See International law, under International. (b) A public act or statute. Public nuisance. (Law) See under Nuisance. Public orator. (Eng. Universities) See Orator, 3. Public stores, military and naval stores, equipments, etc. Public works, all fixed works built by civil engineers for public use, as railways, docks, canals, etc.; but strictly, military and civil engineering works constructed at the public cost.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(statutes) A statute is a rule or law which has been made by a government or other organization and formally written down. The new statute covers the care for, bringing up and protection of children... N-VAR

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. Law, act, enactment, ordinance, edict, decree, regulation.

Moby Thesaurus

Eighteenth Amendment, Prohibition Party, Volstead Act, act, assize, ban, bill, bylaw, canon, contraband, decree, decretum, denial, dictate, dictation, disallowance, edict, embargo, enactment, exclusion, forbiddance, forbidden fruit, forbidding, form, formality, formula, formulary, index, index expurgatorius, index librorum prohibitorum, inhibition, injunction, institution, interdict, interdiction, interdictum, jus, law, legislation, lex, measure, no-no, ordinance, ordonnance, precept, preclusion, prescript, prescription, prevention, prohibition, prohibitory injunction, proscription, refusal, regulation, rejection, repression, restrictive covenants, rubric, rule, ruling, ruling out, standing order, sumptuary laws, suppression, taboo, zoning, zoning laws

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