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Full-text Search for "shigella"
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shigella definitions

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some are pathogenic for warm-blooded animals; can be used as a bioweapon

Merriam Webster's

noun (plural shigellae; also -gellas) Etymology: New Latin, from Kiyoshi Shiga died 1957 Japanese bacteriologist Date: 1937 1. any of a genus (Shigella) of nonmotile rod-shaped bacteria that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans 2. shigellosis

Britannica Concise

Any of the rod-shaped bacteria that make up the genus Shigella, which are normal inhabitants of the human intestinal tract and can cause dysentery, or shigellosis. Shigellae are gram-negative (see gram stain), non-spore-forming, stationary bacteria. S. dysenteriae, spread by contaminated water and food, causes the most severe dysentery because of its potent toxin, but other species may also be dysentery agents.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. any airborne bacterium of the genus Shigella, some of which cause dysentery. Etymology: mod.L f. K. Shiga, Jap. bacteriologist d. 1957 + dimin. suffix



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