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Servitude definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

SERV'ITUDE, n. [L. servitudo or servitus. See Serve.]
1. The condition of a slave; the state of involuntary subjection to a master; slavery; bondage. Such is the state of slaves in America. A large portion of the human race is in servitude.
2. The state of a servant. [Less common and less proper.]
3. The condition of a conquered country.
4. A state of slavish dependence. Some persons may be in love with splendid servitude.
5. Servants, collectively. [Not in use.]

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: state of subjection to an owner or master or forced labor imposed as punishment; "penal servitude"

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French servitute, from Latin servitudo slavery, from servus slave Date: 15th century 1. a condition in which one lacks liberty especially to determine one's course of action or way of life 2. a right by which something (as a piece of land) owned by one person is subject to a specified use or enjoyment by another

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 slavery. 2 subjection (esp. involuntary); bondage. 3 Law the subjection of property to an easement. Etymology: ME f. OF f. L servitudo -inis f. servus slave

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Servitude Serv"i*tude, n. [L. servitudo: cf. F. servitude.] 1. The state of voluntary or compulsory subjection to a master; the condition of being bound to service; the condition of a slave; slavery; bondage; hence, a state of slavish dependence. You would have sold your king to slaughter, His princes and his peers to servitude. --Shak. A splendid servitude; . . . for he that rises up early, and goe? to bed late, only to receive addresses, is really as much abridged in his freedom as he that waits to present one. --South. 2. Servants, collectively. [Obs.] After him a cumbrous train Of herds and flocks, and numerous servitude. --Milton. 3. (Law) A right whereby one thing is subject to another thing or person for use or convenience, contrary to the common right. Note: The object of a servitude is either to suffer something to be done by another, or to omit to do something, with respect to a thing. The easements of the English correspond in some respects with the servitudes of the Roman law. Both terms are used by common law writers, and often indiscriminately. The former, however, rather indicates the right enjoyed, and the latter the burden imposed. --Ayliffe. Erskine. E. Washburn. Penal servitude. See under Penal. Personal servitude (Law), that which arises when the use of a thing is granted as a real right to a particular individual other than the proprietor. Predial servitude (Law), that which one estate owes to another estate. When it related to lands, vineyards, gardens, or the like, it is called rural; when it related to houses and buildings, it is called urban.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

Servitude is the condition of being a slave or of being completely under the control of someone else. ...a life of servitude. see also penal servitude

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. Slavery, bondage, thraldom, enthralment, enslavement, serfdom, service.

Moby Thesaurus

absolutism, attendance, bond service, bondage, captivity, control, debt slavery, deprivation of freedom, disenfranchisement, disfranchisement, domination, employ, employment, enslavement, enthrallment, feudalism, feudality, helotism, helotry, indentureship, ministration, ministry, peonage, restraint, serfdom, serfhood, servility, servitium, servitorship, slavery, subjection, subjugation, tendance, thrall, thralldom, tyranny, vassalage, villenage, yoke


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