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Requiem definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

RE'QUIEM, n. [L.]
1. In the Romish church, a hymn or mass sung for the dead, for the rest of his soul; so called from the first word.
2. Rest; quiet; peace. [Not in use.]

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person [syn: dirge, coronach, lament, requiem, threnody]
2: a musical setting for a Mass celebrating the dead
3: a Mass celebrated for the dead

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English, from Latin (first word of the introit of the requiem mass), accusative of requies rest, from re- + quies quiet, rest — more at while Date: 14th century 1. a mass for the dead 2. a. a solemn chant (as a dirge) for the repose of the dead b. something that resembles such a solemn chant 3. a. a musical setting of the mass for the dead b. a musical composition in honor of the dead

Britannica Concise

Musical setting of the mass for the dead. (Requiem, Latin for "rest," is the first word of the mass.) The Requiem's text differs from the standard mass Ordinary in omitting its joyous sections and keeping only the Kyrie, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei, which are combined with other sections incl. the Dies Irae ("Day of Wrath"). The first surviving polyphonic setting is by J. Ockeghem; celebrated later Requiems include those of W. A. Mozart, H. Berlioz, G. Verdi, G. Fauré , J. Brahms, and B. Britten.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 (Requiem) (also attrib.) chiefly RC Ch. a mass for the repose of the souls of the dead. 2 Mus. the musical setting for this. Etymology: ME f. accus. of L requies rest, the initial word of the mass

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Requiem Re"qui*em (r?"kw?-?m;277), n. [Acc. of L. requies rest, the first words of the Mass being ``Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine,'' give eternal rest to them, O lord; pref. re- re + quies quiet. See Quiet, n., and cf. Requin.] 1. (R.C.Ch.) A mass said or sung for the repose of a departed soul. We should profane the service of the dead To sing a requiem and such rest to her As to peace-parted souls. --Shak. 2. Any grand musical composition, performed in honor of a deceased person. 3. Rest; quiet; peace. [Obs.] Else had I an eternal requiem kept, And in the arms of peace forever slept. --Sandys.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(requiems) 1. A requiem or a requiem mass is a Catholic church service in memory of someone who has recently died. N-COUNT 2. A requiem is a piece of music for singers and musicians that can be performed either as part of a requiem mass or as part of a concert. ...a performance of Verdi's Requiem. N-COUNT: oft in names

Moby Thesaurus

Dry Mass, Eucharistic rites, Lady Mass, Low Mass, Mass, Missa, Missa bassa, Missa cantata, Missa legata, Missa media, Missa praesanctificatorum, Missa privata, Missa publica, Missa sicca, Negro spiritual, Requiem Mass, Rosary, Rosary Mass, anthem, burial service, cantata, canticle, chorale, church music, coronach, dead march, death knell, death song, deathwatch, dirge, doxology, elegy, epicedium, eulogy, exequies, extreme unction, funeral march, funeral oration, funeral rites, funeral song, gospel, gospel music, graveside oration, hymn, hymn-tune, hymnody, hymnology, introit, keen, knell, last duty, last honors, last offices, last rites, mass, monody, motet, muffled drums, obsequies, offertory, offertory sentence, oratorio, paean, passing bell, passion, prosodion, psalm, psalmody, recessional, requiem mass, sacred music, spiritual, the Divine Liturgy, the Liturgy, threnode, threnody, viaticum, wake, white spiritual

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