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recidivist definitions

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: someone who is repeatedly arrested for criminal behavior (especially for the same criminal behavior) [syn: recidivist, repeater, habitual criminal]
2: someone who lapses into previous undesirable patterns of behavior [syn: recidivist, backslider, reversionist]

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: French récidiviste, from récidiver to relapse, from Middle French, from Medieval Latin recidivare, from Latin recidivus recurring, from recidere to fall back, from re- + cadere to fall — more at chance Date: 1880 one who relapses; specifically a habitual criminal • recidivist adjectiverecidivistic adjective

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. a person who relapses into crime. Derivatives: recidivism n. recidivistic adj. Etymology: F récidiviste f. récidiver f. med.L recidivare f. L recidivus f. recidere (as RE-, cadere fall)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Recidivist Re*cid"i*vist, n. One who is recidivous or is characterized by recidivism; an incorrigible criminal. -- Re*cid`i*vis"tic, a. The criminal by passion never becomes a recidivist, it is the social, not the antisocial, instincts that are strong within him, his crime is a solitary event in his life. --Havelock Ellis.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(recidivists) A recidivist is someone who has committed crimes in the past and has begun to commit crimes again, for example after a period in prison. (FORMAL) Six prisoners are still at large along with four dangerous recidivists. N-COUNTrecidivism Their basic criticism was that prisons do not reduce the crime rate, they cause recidivism.

Moby Thesaurus

Adamic, Sabbath-breaker, apostate, atavistic, atheist, atheistic, backslider, backsliding, bad egg, bad lot, black sheep, blasphemer, blasphemous, bolter, carnal, collaborationist, collaborator, convert, defector, degenerate, deserter, erring, fallen, fallen angel, fallen from grace, fifth columnist, fleshly, frail, impious, impure, infirm, irreligious, irreverent, lapsed, lecher, lost lamb, lost sheep, lost soul, miscreant, mugwump, of easy virtue, peccable, pervert, pimp, postlapsarian, prodigal, prodigal son, profanatory, profane, profligate, proselyte, quisling, reactionary, recessive, recidivistic, recidivous, recreant, regressive, renegade, renegado, renegate, repeater, reprobate, retrograde, retrogressive, retrorse, retroverse, returnable, returnee, reversible, reversional, reversionary, reversioner, reversionist, revertible, revulsionary, runagate, sacrilegious, sacrilegist, scapegrace, schismatic, seceder, secessionist, separatist, sorry lot, strikebreaker, tergiversant, tergiversator, traitor, trollop, turnabout, turncoat, turntail, two-time loser, unangelic, unbeliever, unchaste, unclean, undutiful, ungodly, ungood, unrighteous, unsaintly, unvirtuous, virtueless, wanton, wayward, weak, whore



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