City (pop., 1995: 3,814,000) and port, S. Korea, at the SE tip of the Korean Peninsula. Pusan was opened to Japanese trade in 1876 and to general foreign trade in 1883. It developed into a major port (called Fusan) under Japanese rule 1910-45. It served as the country's temporary capital during the Korean War. It is the nation's largest port and second-largest city. Administratively it has the status of a special city equal to that of a province. Industries include shipbuilding and manufacturing. Hot springs are located in the NE suburbs.