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Phalangista or Trichosurus vulpina
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Phalanx definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PHAL'ANX, n. In Grecian antiquity, a square battalion or body of soldiers, formed in ranks and files close and deep, with their shields joined and pikes crossing each other, so as to render it almost impossible to break it. The Macedonian phalanx, celebrated for its force, consisted of 8000 men; but smaller bodies of soldiers were called by the same name.
1. Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of union.
2. In anatomy, the three rows of small bones forming the fingers.
3. In natural history, a term used to express the arrangement of the columns of a sort of fossil corolloid, called lithostrotion, found in Wales.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: any of the bones of the fingers or toes
2: any closely ranked crowd of people
3: a body of troops in close array

Merriam Webster's

noun (plural phalanxes or phalanges) Etymology: Latin phalang-, phalanx, from Greek, battle line, digital bone, literally, log more at balk Date: 1553 1. a body of heavily armed infantry in ancient Greece formed in close deep ranks and files; broadly a body of troops in close array 2. plural phalanges one of the digital bones of the hand or foot of a vertebrate 3. plural usually phalanxes a. a massed arrangement of persons, animals, or things <a phalanx of armed guards> b. an organized body of persons <a phalanx of lawyers>

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. (pl. phalanxes or phalanges) 1 Gk Antiq. a line of battle, esp. a body of Macedonian infantry drawn up in close order. 2 a set of people etc. forming a compact mass, or banded for a common purpose. 3 a bone of the finger or toe. 4 Bot. a bundle of stamens united by filaments. Etymology: L f. Gk phalagx -ggos

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Phalanx Pha"lanx, n.; pl. Phalanxes, L. Phalanges. [L., from Gr. ?.] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men. ``In cubic phalanx firm advanced.'' --Milton. The Grecian phalanx, moveless as a tower. --Pope. 2. Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of a union. At present they formed a united phalanx. --Macaulay. The sheep recumbent, and the sheep that grazed, All huddling into phalanx, stood and gazed. --Cowper. 3. A Fourierite community; a phalanstery. 4. (Anat.) One of the digital bones of the hand or foot, beyond the metacarpus or metatarsus; an internode. 5. [pl. Phalanges.] (Bot.) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(phalanxes, or phalanges) 1. A phalanx is a group of soldiers or police who are standing or marching close together ready to fight. (FORMAL) N-COUNT 2. A phalanx of people is a large group who are brought together for a particular purpose. (FORMAL) ...a phalanx of waiters. N-COUNT: usu N of n

Moby Thesaurus

KP, age group, army, army group, band, battalion, battery, battle group, bevy, body, brigade, bunch, cabal, cadre, cast, clique, cohort, column, combat command, combat team, company, complement, contingent, corps, coterie, covey, crew, crowd, detachment, detail, division, faction, field army, field train, file, fleet, flying column, gang, garrison, group, grouping, groupment, in-group, junta, kitchen police, legion, maniple, mob, movement, organization, out-group, outfit, pack, party, peer group, platoon, posse, rank, regiment, salon, section, set, squad, squadron, stable, string, tactical unit, task force, team, train, tribe, troop, troupe, unit, wing


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