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perestroika definitions

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: an economic policy adopted in the former Soviet Union; intended to increase automation and labor efficiency but it led eventually to the end of central planning in the Russian economy

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Russian perestro?ka, literally, restructuring Date: 1986 the policy of economic and governmental reform instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union during the mid-1980s

Britannica Concise

(Russian: "restructuring") Program instituted in the Soviet Union by M. Gorbachev in the mid-1980s to restructure Soviet political and economic policy. Gorbachev proposed reducing the direct involvement of the Communist Party leadership in the country's governance and increasing the local governments' authority. Seeking to bring the Soviet Union up to economic par with such capitalist countries as Germany, Japan, and the U.S., he decentralized economic controls and encouraged enterprises to become self-financing. The economic bureaucracy, fearing loss of its power and privileges, obstructed much of his program.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. (in the Soviet Union) the policy or practice of restructuring or reforming the economic and political system. Etymology: Russ. perestroika = restructuring

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

Perestroika is a term which was used to describe the changing political and social structure of the former Soviet Union during the late 1980s.



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