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Penurious definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PENU'RIOUS, a. [L.penuria, scarcity, want; Gr. poor; rare.]
1. Excessively saving or sparing in the use of money; parsimonious to a fault; sordid; as a penurious man. It expresses somewhat less than niggardly.
2. Scanty; affording little; as a penurious spring.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

adj
1: not having enough money to pay for necessities [syn: hard up, impecunious, in straitened circumstances, penniless, penurious, pinched]
2: excessively unwilling to spend; "parsimonious thrift relieved by few generous impulses"; "lived in a most penurious manner --denying himself every indulgence" [syn: parsimonious, penurious]

Merriam Webster's

adjective Date: 1590 1. marked by or suffering from penury 2. given to or marked by extreme stinting frugality Synonyms: see stingy penuriously adverb penuriousness noun

Oxford Reference Dictionary

adj. 1 poor; destitute. 2 stingy; grudging. 3 scanty. Derivatives: penuriously adv. penuriousness n. Etymology: med.L penuriosus (as PENURY)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Penurious Pe*nu"ri*ous, a. [From Penury.] 1. Excessively sparing in the use of money; sordid; stingy; miserly. ``A penurious niggard of his wealth.'' --Milton. 2. Not bountiful or liberal; scanty. Here creeps along a poor, penurious stream. --C. Pitt. 3. Destitute of money; suffering extreme want. [Obs.] ``My penurious band.'' --Shak. Syn: Avaricious; covetous; parsimonious; miserly; niggardly; stingy. See Avaricious. --Pe*nu"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- Pe*nu"ri*ous*ness, n.

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

a. 1. Niggard, scanty, insufficient, inadequate, meagre, ill-provided, poor, stinted. 2. Parsimonious, covetous, avaricious, illiberal, miserly, niggardly, sordid, mercenary, close, stingy, mean, close-fisted, hard-fisted, grasping, near.

Moby Thesaurus

bankrupt, beggared, beggarly, begrudging, cheap, chintzy, destitute, dirt, flat broke, grudging, hard up, impecunious, impoverished, indigent, mean, mingy, miserly, near, necessitous, needy, niggard, niggardly, parsimonious, penniless, penny-pinching, pinchpenny, poor, poverty-stricken, shabby, sordid, stingy, thrifty, tight, tight-fisted, tightfisted, ungenerous



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