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paring knife
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Parish definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAR'ISH, n. [Low L. parochia; Gr. a dwelling or near residence; near, and house, or to dwell; or more probably from the Gr. a salary or largess, an allowance for support; to afford, yield or supply, whence L. parocha, entertainment given to embassadors at the public expense. If parish is to be deduced from either of these sources, it is probably from the latter, and parish is equivalent to benefice, living, as prebend, from L. proebeo.
1. The precinct or territorial jurisdiction of a secular priest, or the precinct, the inhabitants of which belong to the same church.
2. In some of the American states, parish is an ecclesiastical society not bounded by territorial limits; but the inhabitants of a town belonging to one church, though residing promiscuously among the people belonging to another church, are called a parish. This is particularly the case in Massachusetts. In Connecticut, the legal appellation of such a society is ecclesiastical society.
PAR'ISH, a. Belonging to a parish; having the spiritual charge of the inhabitants belonging to the same church; as a parish priest.
1. Belonging to a parish; as a parish church; parish records.
2. Maintained by the parish; as parish poor.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: a local church community
2: the local subdivision of a diocese committed to one pastor

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English parisshe, from Anglo-French paroche, parosse, from Late Latin parochia, from Late Greek paroikia, from paroikos Christian, from Greek, stranger, from para- + oikos house more at vicinity Date: 14th century 1. a. (1) the ecclesiastical unit of area committed to one pastor (2) the residents of such an area b. British a subdivision of a county often coinciding with an original ecclesiastical parish and constituting the unit of local government 2. a local church community composed of the members or constituents of a Protestant church 3. a civil division of the state of Louisiana corresponding to a county in other states

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 an area having its own church and clergy. 2 (in full civil parish) a district constituted for purposes of local government. 3 the inhabitants of a parish. 4 US a county in Louisiana. Phrases and idioms: parish clerk an official performing various duties concerned with the church. parish council Brit. the administrative body in a civil parish. parish pump (often attrib.) a symbol of a parochial or restricted outlook. parish register a book recording christenings, marriages, and burials, at a parish church. Etymology: ME paroche, parosse f. OF paroche, paroisse f. eccl.L parochia, paroechia f. Gk paroikia sojourning f. paroikos (as PARA-(1), -oikos -dwelling f. oikeo dwell)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Parish Par"ish, n. [OE. parishe, paresche, parosche, OF. paroisse, parosse, paroiche, F. paroisse, L. parochia, corrupted fr. paroecia, Gr. ?, fr. ? dwelling beside or near; ? beside + ? a house, dwelling; akin to L. vicus village. See Vicinity, and cf. Parochial.] 1. (Eccl. & Eng. Law) (a) That circuit of ground committed to the charge of one parson or vicar, or other minister having cure of souls therein. --Cowell. (b) The same district, constituting a civil jurisdiction, with its own officers and regulations, as respects the poor, taxes, etc. Note: Populous and extensive parishes are now divided, under various parliamentary acts, into smaller ecclesiastical districts for spiritual purposes. --Mozley & W. 2. An ecclesiastical society, usually not bounded by territorial limits, but composed of those persons who choose to unite under the charge of a particular priest, clergyman, or minister; also, loosely, the territory in which the members of a congregation live. [U. S.] 3. In Louisiana, a civil division corresponding to a county in other States.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Parish Par"ish, a. Of or pertaining to a parish; parochial; as, a parish church; parish records; a parish priest; maintained by the parish; as, parish poor. --Dryden. Parish clerk. (a) The clerk or recording officer of a parish. (b) A layman who leads in the responses and otherwise assists in the service of the Church of England. Parish court, in Louisiana, a court in each parish.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(parishes) 1. A parish is a village or part of a town which has its own church and priest. ...the parish of St Mark's, Lakenham... ...a 13th century parish church. N-COUNT: oft N n 2. A parish is a small country area in England which has its own elected council. ...elected representatives, such as County and Parish Councillors. N-COUNT: usu N n

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

a. Parochial, parishional.

1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue

His stockings are of two parishes; i.e. they are not fellows.

Moby Thesaurus

Kreis, archbishopric, archdiocese, arrondissement, assembly, bailiwick, bishopric, borough, brethren, canton, churchgoers, city, class, commune, conference, congregation, congressional district, constablewick, county, departement, diocese, district, duchy, electoral district, electorate, flock, fold, government, hamlet, hundred, laity, laymen, magistracy, metropolis, metropolitan area, minyan, nonclerics, nonordained persons, oblast, okrug, parishioners, people, precinct, principality, province, region, riding, seculars, see, sheep, sheriffalty, sheriffwick, shire, shrievalty, society, soke, stake, state, synod, territory, town, township, village, wapentake, ward

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