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Paleothere
Paleotherian
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paleozoological
paleozoologist
paleozoology
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Palestine National Authority
Palestinean
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Palermo definitions

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: the capital of Sicily; located in northwestern Sicily; an important port for 3000 years

Merriam Webster's

or ancient Panormus or Panhormus geographical name city & port Italy capital of Sicily population 697,162 Palermitan adjective or noun

Britannica Concise

City (metro. area pop., 1996 est.: 689,000), seaport, and capital of Sicily, on the Bay of Palermo. Founded by Phoenician traders in the 8th cent. BC, it was later a Carthaginian settlement. It was taken by the Romans in 254 BC. Conquered by the Arabs in 831, it flourished as a center of trade with N. Africa. The period of Norman rule was its golden age, when it became the capital of the Norman kingdom of Sicily founded by King Roger II in 1130. In 1194 Germany's Hohenstaufen ruler, Frederick II took over. In 1282 a popular uprising known as the Sicilian Vespers ended the subsequent French rule. It was taken by Italian patriot G. Garibaldi in 1860 and made part of the kingdom of Italy. Heavily bombed during World War II, it was captured by Allied forces in 1943. Notable buildings from the Norman and later periods include the cathedral that contains the tombs of Roger II and Frederick II. It is Sicily's chief port, and ship repair is an important industry.



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