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monozygotic twin
monozygous twin
Monro family
Monro's foramen
Monroe Doctrine
Monroe, Bill
Monroe, Harriet
Monroe, Marilyn
mons pubis
mons veneris
Monsel's salt
Monsel's solution

Monroe, James definitions

Britannica Concise

Fifth president of the U.S. (1817-25). Born in Westmoreland Co., Va., he fought in the Amer. Revolution and studied law under T. Jefferson. He served in the Congress (1783-86) and U.S. Senate (1790-94), where he opposed G. Washington's administration. He nevertheless became U.S. minister to France (1794-96), where he misled the French about U.S. politics and was recalled. He served as governor of Virginia 1799-1802. Pres. Jefferson sent him to France, where he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase (1803), then named him minister to Britain (1803-7). He returned to Virginia and became governor (1811), but resigned to become U.S. secretary of state (1811-17) and secretary of war (1814-15). He served two terms as president, presiding in a period that became known as the Era of Good Feelings. He oversaw the Seminole War (1817-18) and the acquisition of the Floridas (1819-21), and signed the Missouri Compromise (1820). With secretary of state J. Q. Adams, he developed the principles of U.S. foreign policy later called the Monroe Doctrine.

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