U.S. writer. Born in Atlanta, Mitchell attended Smith College and then wrote for The Atlanta Journal before spending 10 years writing her one book, Gone with the Wind (1936, Pulitzer Prize; film, 1939). A story of the Amer. Civil War and Reconstruction from the Southern point of view, it was almost certainly the largest-selling novel in the history of U.S. publishing to that time. She died when she was struck by a car.