adj 1: on the negative side or lower end of a scale; "minus 5 degrees"; "a grade of B minus" [ant: plus] 2: involving disadvantage or harm; "minus (or negative) factors" [syn: minus, negative] n 1: an arithmetic operation in which the difference between two numbers is calculated; "the subtraction of three from four leaves one"; "four minus three equals one" [syn: subtraction, minus]

I. prepositionEtymology: Middle English, from Latin minus, adverb, less, from neuter of minor smaller — more at minorDate: 15th century 1. diminished by ;less<seven minus four is three> 2. deprived of ;without<minus his hat> II. nounDate: 1708 1. a negative quantity 2. a negative quality; especiallydrawbackIII. adjectiveDate: 1776 1. algebraically negative <a minus quantity> <minus ten degrees> 2. having a negative quality 3. relating to or being a particular one of the two mating types that are required for successful fertilization in sexual reproduction in some lower plants (as a fungus) 4. falling low in a specified range <B minus>

prep., adj., & n. --prep. 1 with the subtraction of (7 minus 4 equals 3). Usage: Symb.: -. 2 (of temperature) below zero (minus 2°). 3 colloq. lacking; deprived of (returned minus their dog). --adj. 1 Math. negative. 2 Electronics having a negative charge. --n. 1 = minus sign. 2 Math. a negative quantity. 3 a disadvantage. Phrases and idioms: minus sign the symbol -, indicating subtraction or a negative value. Etymology: L, neut. of minor less

Minus Mi"nus, a. [L. See Minor, and cf. Mis- pref. from the French.] (Math.) Less; requiring to be subtracted; negative; as, a minus quantity. Minus sign (Math.), the sign [-] denoting minus, or less, prefixed to negative quantities, or quantities to be subtracted. See Negative sign, under Negative.

Negative Neg"a*tive, a. [F. n['e]gatif, L. negativus, fr. negare to deny. See Negation.] 1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent; as, a negative answer; a negative opinion; -- opposed to affirmative. If thou wilt confess, Or else be impudently negative. --Shak. Denying me any power of a negative voice. --Eikon Basilike. Something between an affirmative bow and a negative shake. --Dickens. 2. Not positive; without affirmative statement or demonstration; indirect; consisting in the absence of something; privative; as, a negative argument; a negative morality; negative criticism. There in another way of denying Christ, . . . which is negative, when we do not acknowledge and confess him. --South. 3. (Logic) Asserting absence of connection between a subject and a predicate; as, a negative proposition. 4. (Photog.) Of or pertaining to a picture upon glass or other material, in which the lights and shades of the original, and the relations of right and left, are reversed. 5. (Chem.) Metalloidal; nonmetallic; -- contracted with positive or basic; as, the nitro group is negative. Note: This word, derived from electro-negative, is now commonly used in a more general sense, when acidiferous is the intended signification. Negative crystal. (a) A cavity in a mineral mass, having the form of a crystal. (b) A crystal which has the power of negative double refraction. See refraction. negative electricity (Elec.), the kind of electricity which is developed upon resin or ebonite when rubbed, or which appears at that pole of a voltaic battery which is connected with the plate most attacked by the exciting liquid; -- formerly called resinous electricity. Opposed to positive electricity. Formerly, according to Franklin's theory of a single electric fluid, negative electricity was supposed to be electricity in a degree below saturation, or the natural amount for a given body. see Electricity. Negative eyepiece. (Opt.) see under Eyepiece. Negative quantity (Alg.), a quantity preceded by the negative sign, or which stands in the relation indicated by this sign to some other quantity. See Negative sign (below). Negative rotation, right-handed rotation. See Right-handed, 3. Negative sign, the sign -, or minus (opposed in signification to +, or plus), indicating that the quantity to which it is prefixed is to be subtracted from the preceding quantity, or is to be reckoned from zero or cipher in the opposite direction to that of quanties having the sign plus either expressed or understood; thus, in a - b, b is to be substracted from a, or regarded as opposite to it in value; and -10[deg] on a thermometer means 10[deg] below the zero of the scale.

(minuses) 1. You use minus to show that one number or quantity is being subtracted from another. One minus one is zero...They've been promised their full July salary minus the hardship payment.= less ? plus CONJ 2. Minus before a number or quantity means that the number or quantity is less than zero. The aircraft was subjected to temperatures of minus 65 degrees and plus 120 degrees.ADJ: ADJ amount 3. Teachers use minus in grading work in schools and colleges. 'B minus' is not as good as 'B', but is a better grade than 'C'. I'm giving him a B minus.? plus 4. To be minus something means not to have that thing. The film company collapsed, leaving Chris jobless and minus his life savings.= without PREP 5. A minus is a disadvantage. (INFORMAL) The minuses far outweigh that possible gain...= drawback ? plus N-COUNT 6. You use plus or minus to give the amount by which a particular number may vary. The poll has a margin of error of plus or minus 5 per cent.PHRASE: PHR amount