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Midrash definitions

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: (Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text

Merriam Webster's

noun (plural midrashim) Etymology: Hebrew midhr?sh exposition, explanation Date: 1613 1. a haggadic or halakic exposition of the underlying significance of a Bible text 2. a collection of midrashim 3. capitalized the midrashic literature written during the first Christian millennium midrashic adjective, often capitalized

Britannica Concise

In Judaism, a large collection of writings that examine the Hebrew Bible in the light of oral tradition. Midrashic activity reached its height in the 2nd cent. AD with the schools of Ishmael ben Elisha and Akiba ben Joseph. The Midrashim are divided into two groups: Halakhah, which clarify legal issues; and Haggadah, nonlegal writings intended simply to enlighten. The Midrashim are extensively quoted in the Talmud.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. (pl. Midrashim) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures. Etymology: Bibl. Heb. midras commentary

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Midrash Mid*rash", n.; pl. Midrashim, Midrashoth. [Heb., explanation.] A talmudic exposition of the Hebrew law, or of some part of it.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

mid'-rash (midhrash): The Hebrew word corresponding to the King James Version "story" and the Revised Version (British and American) "commentary" in 2Ch 13:22; 24:27. A midrash is properly a story developed for purposes of edification.

See COMMENTARY.



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