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Medlar definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

MED'LAR, n. [L. mespilus.] A tree and a genus of trees, called Mespilus; also, the fruit of the tree. The German or common medlar is cultivated in gardens for its fruit.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: small deciduous tree of southern Africa having edible fruit [syn: wild medlar, wild medlar tree, medlar, Vangueria infausta]
2: small deciduous Eurasian tree cultivated for its fruit that resemble crab apples [syn: medlar, medlar tree, Mespilus germanica]
3: a South African globular fruit with brown leathery skin and pithy flesh having a sweet-acid taste
4: crabapple-like fruit used for preserves

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English medeler, from Anglo-French medler, from medle medlar fruit, from Latin mespilum, from Greek mespilon Date: 14th century a small deciduous Eurasian tree (Mespilus germanica) of the rose family whose fruit resembles a crab apple and is used in preserves; also its fruit

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 a rosaceous tree, Mespilus germanica, bearing small brown apple-like fruits. 2 the fruit of this tree which is eaten when decayed. Etymology: ME f. OF medler f. L mespila f. Gk mespile, -on

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Medlar Med"lar, n. [OE. medler medlar tree, OF. meslier, F. n['e]flier, L. mespilum, mespilus, Gr. ?, ?. Cf. Naseberry.] A tree of the genus Mespilus (M. Germanica); also, the fruit of the tree. The fruit is something like a small apple, but has a bony endocarp. When first gathered the flesh is hard and austere, and it is not eaten until it has begun to decay. Japan medlar (Bot.), the loquat. See Loquat. Neapolitan medlar (Bot.), a kind of thorn tree (Crat[ae]gus Azarolus); also, its fruit.

1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue

A fruit, vulgarly called an open a-se; of which it is more truly than delicately said, that it is never ripe till it is as rotten as a t--d, and then it is not worth a f--t.



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