Satrap (governor) of Caria in SW Asia Minor. Nominally under the control of the Persian empire, he took advantage of upheaval in Asia Minor to gain independence. He was influential among the Greek cities of Ionia and instigated the revolt of Athens's allies in 357. He endowed his capital, Halicarnassus, with fine buildings. The greatest was his tomb, the Mausoleum, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, designed by the Greek architect Pythius and finished by Mausolus' sister and wife, Artemisia.