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LO'CAL, a. [L. localis; from locus, place, loco. See Lay.]
adj. & n. --adj. 1 belonging to or existing in a particular place or places. 2 peculiar to or only encountered in a particular place or places. 3 of or belonging to the neighbourhood (the local doctor). 4 of or affecting a part and not the whole, esp. of the body (local pain; a local anaesthetic). 5 in regard to place. --n. a local person or thing, esp.: 1 an inhabitant of a particular place regarded with reference to that place. 2 a local train, bus, etc. 3 (often prec. by the) Brit. colloq. a local public house. 4 a local anaesthetic. 5 US a local branch of a trade union. Phrases and idioms: local authority Brit. an administrative body in local government. local Derby see DERBY. local government a system of administration of a county, district, parish, etc., by the elected representatives of those who live there. local option (or veto) esp. US a system whereby the inhabitants of a district may prohibit the sale of alcoholic liquor there. local preacher a Methodist lay person authorized to conduct services in a particular circuit. local time 1 time measured from the sun's transit over the meridian of a place. 2 the time as reckoned in a particular place, esp. with reference to an event recorded there. local train a train stopping at all the stations on its route. Derivatives: locally adv. localness n. Etymology: ME f. OF f. LL localis f. L locus place
Local Lo"cal, a. [L. localis, fr. locus place: cf. F. local. See Lieu, Locus.] Of or pertaining to a particular place, or to a definite region or portion of space; restricted to one place or region; as, a local custom. Gives to airy nothing A local habitation and a name. --Shak. Local actions (Law), actions such as must be brought in a particular county, where the cause arises; -- distinguished from transitory actions. Local affection (Med.), a disease or ailment confined to a particular part or organ, and not directly affecting the system. Local attraction (Magnetism), an attraction near a compass, causing its needle to deviate from its proper direction, especially on shipboard. Local battery (Teleg.), the battery which actuates the recording instruments of a telegraphic station, as distinguished from the battery furnishing a current for the line. Local circuit (Teleg.), the circuit of the local battery. Local color. (a) (Paint.) The color which belongs to an object, and is not caused by accidental influences, as of reflection, shadow, etc. (b) (Literature) Peculiarities of the place and its inhabitants where the scene of an action or story is laid. Local option, the right or obligation of determining by popular vote within certain districts, as in each county, city, or town, whether the sale of alcoholic beverages within the district shall be allowed.
Local Lo"cal, n. 1. (Railroad) A train which receives and deposits passengers or freight along the line of the road; a train for the accommodation of a certain district. [U.S.]
(locals) Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. 1. Local means existing in or belonging to the area where you live, or to the area that you are talking about. We'd better check on the match in the local paper... Some local residents joined the students' protest... I was going to pop up to the local library. ADJ: ADJ n • The locals are local people. That's what the locals call the place. N-COUNT: usu pl, oft the N • locally We've got cards which are drawn and printed and designed by someone locally. ADV: ADV after v, ADV -ed 2. Local government is elected by people in one area of a country and controls aspects such as education, housing, and transport within that area. Education comprises two-thirds of all local council spending. ? national ADJ: usu ADJ n 3. Your local is a pub which is near where you live and where you often go for a drink. (BRIT INFORMAL) The Black Horse is my local. N-COUNT: usu sing, usu poss N 4. A local anaesthetic or condition affects only a small area of your body. (MEDICAL) ADJ
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