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Kind definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

KIND, n.
1. Race; genus; generic class; as in mankind or humankind. In technical language, kind answers to genus.
2. Sort, in a sense more loose than genus; as, there are several kinds of eloquence and of style, many kinds of music, many kinds of government, various kinds of architecture or of painting, various kinds of soil, etc.
3. Particular nature; as laws most perfect in their kind.
4. Natural state; produce or commodity, as distinguished from money; as taxes paid in kind.
5. Nature; natural propensity or determination.
Some of you, on pure instinct of nature,
Are led by kind t' admire your fellow creature.
6. Manner; way. [Little used.]
7. Sort. He spoke with a kind of scorn or contempt.
KIND, a.
1. Disposed to do good to others, and to make them happy by granting their requests, supplying their wants or assisting them in distress; having tenderness or goodness of nature; benevolent; benignant.
God is kind to the unthankful, and to the evil. Luke 6.
Be ye kind one to another, tender-hearted. Ephesians 4.
2. Proceeding from tenderness or goodness of heart; benevolent; as a kind act; a kind return of favors.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: having or showing a tender and considerate and helpful nature; used especially of persons and their behavior; "kind to sick patients"; "a kind master"; "kind words showing understanding and sympathy"; "thanked her for her kind letter" [ant: unkind]
2: agreeable, conducive to comfort; "a dry climate kind to asthmatics"; "the genial sunshine";"hot summer pavements are anything but kind to the feet" [syn: kind, genial]
3: tolerant and forgiving under provocation; "our neighbor was very kind about the window our son broke" [syn: kind, tolerant] n
1: a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality; "sculpture is a form of art"; "what kinds of desserts are there?" [syn: kind, sort, form, variety]

Merriam Webster's

I. noun Etymology: Middle English kinde, from Old English cynd; akin to Old English cynn kin Date: before 12th century 1. a. archaic nature b. archaic family, lineage 2. archaic manner 3. fundamental nature or quality ; essence 4. a. a group united by common traits or interests ; category b. a specific or recognized variety <what kind of car do you drive> c. a doubtful or barely admissible member of a category <a kind of gray> 5. a. goods or commodities as distinguished from money <payment in kind> b. the equivalent of what has been offered or received Synonyms: see type II. adjective Date: 14th century 1. chiefly dialect affectionate, loving 2. a. of a sympathetic or helpful nature b. of a forbearing nature ; gentle c. arising from or characterized by sympathy or forbearance <a kind act> 3. of a kind to give pleasure or relief

Oxford Reference Dictionary

1. n. 1 a a race or species (human kind). b a natural group of animals, plants, etc. (the wolf kind). 2 class, type, sort, variety (what kind of job are you looking for?). Usage: In sense 2, these (or those) kind is often encountered when followed by a plural, as in I don't like these kind of things, but this kind and these kinds are usually preferred. 3 each of the elements of the Eucharist (communion under (or in) both kinds). 4 the manner or fashion natural to a person etc. (act after their kind; true to kind). Phrases and idioms: kind of colloq. to some extent (felt kind of sorry; I kind of expected it). a kind of used to imply looseness, vagueness, exaggeration, etc., in the term used (a kind of Jane Austen of our times; I suppose he's a kind of doctor). in kind 1 in the same form, likewise (was insulted and replied in kind). 2 (of payment) in goods or labour as opposed to money (received their wages in kind). 3 character, quality (differ in degree but not in kind). law of kind archaic nature in general; the natural order. nothing of the kind 1 not at all like the thing in question. 2 (expressing denial) not at all. of its kind within the limitations of its own class (good of its kind). of a kind 1 derog. scarcely deserving the name (a choir of a kind). 2 similar in some important respect (they're two of a kind). one's own kind those with whom one has much in common. something of the kind something like the thing in question. Etymology: OE cynd(e), gecynd(e) f. Gmc 2. adj. 1 of a friendly, generous, benevolent, or gentle nature. 2 (usu. foll. by to) showing friendliness, affection, or consideration. 3 a affectionate. b archaic loving. Etymology: OE gecynde (as KIND(1)): orig. = 'natural, native'

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Kind Kind, v. t. [See Kin.] To beget. [Obs.] --Spenser.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Kind Kind, a. [Compar. Kinder; superl. Kindest.] [AS. cynde, gecynde, natural, innate, prop. an old p. p. from the root of E. kin. See Kin kindred.] 1. Characteristic of the species; belonging to one's nature; natural; native. [Obs.] --Chaucer. It becometh sweeter than it should be, and loseth the kind taste. --Holland. 2. Having feelings befitting our common nature; congenial; sympathetic; as, a kind man; a kind heart. Yet was he kind, or if severe in aught, The love he bore to learning was his fault. --Goldsmith. 3. Showing tenderness or goodness; disposed to do good and confer happiness; averse to hurting or paining; benevolent; benignant; gracious. He is kind unto the unthankful and to evil. --Luke vi 35. O cruel Death, to those you take more kind Than to the wretched mortals left behind. --Waller. A fellow feeling makes one wondrous kind. --Garrick. 4. Proceeding from, or characterized by, goodness, gentleness, or benevolence; as, a kind act. ``Manners so kind, yet stately.'' --Tennyson. 5. Gentle; tractable; easily governed; as, a horse kind in harness. Syn: Benevolent; benign; beneficent; bounteous; gracious; propitious; generous; forbearing; indulgent; tender; humane; compassionate; good; lenient; clement; mild; gentle; bland; obliging; friendly; amicable. See Obliging.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Kind Kind, n. [OE. kinde, cunde, AS. cynd. See Kind, a.] 1. Nature; natural instinct or disposition. [Obs.] He knew by kind and by no other lore. --Chaucer. Some of you, on pure instinct of nature, Are led by kind t'admire your fellow-creature. --Dryden. 2. Race; genus; species; generic class; as, in mankind or humankind. ``Come of so low a kind.'' --Chaucer. Every kind of beasts, and of birds. --James iii.7. She follows the law of her kind. --Wordsworth. Here to sow the seed of bread, That man and all the kinds be fed. --Emerson. 3. Nature; style; character; sort; fashion; manner; variety; description; class; as, there are several kinds of eloquence, of style, and of music; many kinds of government; various kinds of soil, etc. How diversely Love doth his pageants play, And snows his power in variable kinds ! --Spenser. There is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. --I Cor. xv. 39. Diogenes was asked in a kind of scorn: What was the matter that philosophers haunted rich men, and not rich men philosophers ? --Bacon. A kind of, something belonging to the class of; something like to; -- said loosely or slightingly. In kind, in the produce or designated commodity itself, as distinguished from its value in money. Tax on tillage was often levied in kind upon corn. --Arbuthnot. Syn: Sort; species; class; genus; nature; style; character; breed; set.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

I. NOUN USES AND PHRASES (kinds) Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. 1. If you talk about a particular kind of thing, you are talking about one of the types or sorts of that thing. The party needs a different kind of leadership... Had Jamie ever been in any kind of trouble?... This book prize is the biggest of its kind in the world... = sort, type N-COUNT: usu N of n 2. If you refer to someone's kind, you are referring to all the other people that are like them or that belong to the same class or set. I can take care of your kind. = sort, type N-COUNT: poss N [disapproval] 3. You can use all kinds of to emphasize that there are a great number and variety of particular things or people. Adoption can fail for all kinds of reasons... PHRASE: PHR n [emphasis] 4. You use kind of when you want to say that something or someone can be roughly described in a particular way. (SPOKEN) It was kind of sad, really... PHRASE: PHR adj/adv/n, PHR before v [vagueness] 5. You can use of a kind to indicate that something is not as good as it might be expected to be, but that it seems to be the best that is possible or available. She finds solace of a kind in alcohol. PHRASE: n PHR 6. If you refer to someone or something as one of a kind, you mean that there is nobody or nothing else like them. She's a very unusual woman, one of a kind. PHRASE [approval] 7. If you refer, for example, to two, three, or four of a kind, you mean two, three, or four similar people or things that seem to go well or belong together. They were two of a kind, from the same sort of background. PHRASE 8. If you respond in kind, you react to something that someone has done to you by doing the same thing to them. They hurled defiant taunts at the riot police, who responded in kind. PHRASE: PHR after v 9. If you pay a debt in kind, you pay it in the form of goods or services and not money. ...benefits in kind. PHRASE: PHR after v, n PHR II. ADJECTIVE USES (kinder, kindest) 1. Someone who is kind behaves in a gentle, caring, and helpful way towards other people. I must thank you for being so kind to me... It was very kind of you to come. ADJ: oft ADJ to n, it v-link ADJ of n to-inf kindly 'You seem tired this morning, Jenny,' she said kindly. ADV: ADV after v 2. You can use kind in expressions such as please be so kind as to and would you be kind enough to in order to ask someone to do something in a firm but polite way. I wonder if you'd be kind enough to call him. ADJ: v-link ADJ [politeness] 3. see also kindly, kindness

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. a. Benevolent, beneficent, benignant, humane, gracious, friendly, kindly, complacent, complaisant, bland, generous, obliging, bounteous, accommodating, philanthropic, compassionate, mind, benign, clement, good, amiable, charitable, gentle, lenient, indulgent, forbearing, tender, sympathetic, affectionate, loving, good-natured, tender-hearted, kind-hearted. II. n. 1. Race, genus, family, breed, species, set, class. 2. Sort, nature, character, manner, description, style.

Moby Thesaurus

Christian, Christlike, Christly, accommodating, advantageous, affable, affectionate, agreeable, altruistic, amiable, amicable, animal kingdom, approachable, auspicious, beneficent, beneficial, benevolent, benign, benignant, blood, body-build, bon, bonny, brand, braw, breed, brood, brotherly, bueno, capital, cast, character, characteristic, characteristics, charitable, clan, class, clement, cogent, color, commendable, compassionate, complaisant, complexion, compliant, composition, conciliatory, congenial, considerate, constituents, constitution, cooperative, cordial, courteous, crasis, decent, deme, denomination, description, designation, dharma, diathesis, disposition, eleemosynary, elegant, estimable, ethos, excellent, expedient, fair, family, famous, favorable, feather, fiber, fine, folk, forbearing, forgiving, form, frame, fraternal, friendlike, friendly, generous, genial, genius, genre, gens, gentle, genus, good, good-hearted, good-humored, good-natured, good-tempered, goodly, gracious, grain, grand, habit, harmonious, healthy, helpful, house, hue, human, humane, humanitarian, humor, humors, ilk, indulgent, kidney, kin, kindhearted, kindly, kindly-disposed, label, laudable, lenient, line, lineage, long-suffering, longanimous, lot, loving, magnanimous, make, makeup, manner, mark, matriclan, merciful, mold, nation, nature, neighborlike, neighborly, nice, noble, number, obliging, openhearted, order, overindulgent, overpermissive, patient, patriclan, peaceable, people, permissive, persuasion, philanthropic, phratry, phyle, phylum, physique, placable, plant kingdom, pleasant, profitable, property, propitious, quality, race, regal, responsive, royal, sept, shape, simpatico, sisterly, skillful, sociable, softhearted, somatotype, sort, sound, sparing, species, spirit, splendid, stamp, stem, stirps, stock, strain, streak, stripe, style, suchness, sweet-tempered, sympathetic, sympathique, sympathizing, system, temper, temperament, tendency, tender, tenderhearted, tenor, the like of, the likes of, thoughtful, tolerant, tone, totem, tribe, type, understanding, unhostile, unresentful, unrevengeful, useful, valid, variety, vein, very good, virtuous, warm, warm-hearted, warmhearted, way, well-affected, well-disposed, well-intentioned, well-meaning, well-meant


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