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Juridical days
Juris Doctor

Jurisdiction definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

JURISDIC'TION, n. [L. jurisdictio; jus, juris, law, and dictio, from dico, to pronounce.]
1. The legal power of authority of doing justice in cases of complaint; the power of executing the laws and distributing justice. Thus we speak of certain suits or actions, or the cognizance of certain crimes being within the jurisdiction of a court, that is, within the limits of their authority or commission. Inferior courts have jurisdiction of debt and trespass, or of smaller offenses; the supreme courts have jurisdiction of treason, murder, and other high crimes. Jurisdiction is secular or ecclesiastical.
2. Power of governing or legislating. The legislature of one state can exercise no jurisdiction in another.
3. The power or right of exercising authority. Nations claim exclusive jurisdiction on the sea, to the extent of a marine league from the main land or shore.
4. The limit within which power may be exercised.
Jurisdiction, in its most general sense, is the power to make, declare or apply the law; when confined to the judiciary department, it is what we denominate the judicial power,the right of administering justice through the laws, by the means which the laws have provided for that purpose. Jurisdiction, is limited to place or territory, to persons, or to particular subjects.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: (law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law; "courts having jurisdiction in this district" [syn: legal power, jurisdiction]
2: in law; the territory within which power can be exercised

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English jurisdiccioun, from Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French jurisdiction, from Latin jurisdiction-, jurisdictio, from juris + diction-, dictio act of saying more at diction Date: 14th century 1. the power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law 2. a. the authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate b. the power or right to exercise authority ; control 3. the limits or territory within which authority may be exercised Synonyms: see power jurisdictional adjective jurisdictionally adverb

Britannica Concise

Authority of a court to hear and determine cases. This authority is constitutionally based. Examples of judicial jurisdiction are: appellate jurisdiction, in which a superior court has power to correct legal errors made in a lower court; concurrent jurisdiction, in which a suit might be brought to any of two or more courts; and federal jurisdiction. A court may also have authority to operate within a certain territory. Summary jurisdiction, in which a magistrate or judge has power to conduct proceedings resulting in a conviction without jury trial, is limited in the U.S. to petty offenses.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 (often foll. by over, of) the administration of justice. 2 a legal or other authority. b the extent of this; the territory it extends over. Derivatives: jurisdictional adj. Etymology: ME jurisdiccioun f. OF jurediction, juridiction, L jurisdictio f. jus juris law + dictio DICTION

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Jurisdiction Ju`ris*dic"tion, n. [L. jurisdictio; jus, juris, right, law + dictio a saying, speaking: cf. OF. jurisdiction, F. juridiction. See Just, a., and Diction.] 1. (Law) The legal power, right, or authority of a particular court to hear and determine causes, to try criminals, or to execute justice; judicial authority over a cause or class of causes; as, certain suits or actions, or the cognizance of certain crimes, are within the jurisdiction of a particular court, that is, within the limits of its authority or commission. 2. The authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate; the right of making or enforcing laws; the power or right of exercising authority. To live exempt From Heaven's high jurisdiction. -- Milton. You wrought to be a legate; by which power You maim'd the jurisdiction of all bishops. -- Shak. 3. Sphere of authority; the limits within which any particular power may be exercised, or within which a government or a court has authority. Note: Jurisdiction, in its most general sense, is the power to make, declare, or apply the law. When confined to the judiciary department, it is what we denominate the judicial power, the right of administering justice through the laws, by the means which the laws have provided for that purpose. Jurisdiction is limited to place or territory, to persons, or to particular subjects. --Duponceau.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(jurisdictions) 1. Jurisdiction is the power that a court of law or an official has to carry out legal judgments or to enforce laws. (FORMAL) The British police have no jurisdiction over foreign bank accounts. = authority 2. A jurisdiction is a state or other area in which a particular court and system of laws has authority. (LEGAL) N-COUNT

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

joo-ris-dik'-shun (exousia): The word exousia is well known in New Testament Greek. It is derived from the word exesti, and suggests the absence of any hindrance to an act. It contains the idea of right and might (Cremer). In the New Testament it means right, authority, capability (Ro 9:21); power, strength (Mt 9:8); right and might (Joh 5:27). Thus it gets the meaning of the powers of the magistrate, which it bears in later Greek (Tit 3:1; Ro 13:1-3). And in this sense it is used in Lu 23:7, where it is translated "jurisdiction."

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. Judicature, extent of authority, legal power.

Moby Thesaurus

accountability, acme, actionability, administration, agency, agentship, ambit, applicability, area, arena, ascendancy, assignment, auspices, authority, authorization, bailiwick, be-all and end-all, beat, blue ribbon, border, borderland, bossing, bounds, brevet, care, championship, charge, circle, circuit, claws, clutches, command, commission, commissioning, commitment, compass, confines, consignment, constitutional validity, constitutionalism, constitutionality, control, cure, custodianship, custody, delegated authority, delegation, demesne, department, deputation, devolution, devolvement, directorship, disposition, district, domain, domination, dominion, due process, effectiveness, embassy, empery, empire, empowerment, entrusting, entrustment, errand, executorship, exequatur, eye, factorship, field, first place, first prize, full power, governance, government, grasp, grip, gripe, guardianship, guidance, hand, hands, headship, hegemony, height, helm, hemisphere, highest, hold, imperium, influence, intendance, iron hand, judicial circuit, justice, justiciability, keeping, kingship, lawfulness, leadership, legal form, legal process, legalism, legality, legation, legitimacy, legitimateness, license, licitness, lieutenancy, limits, lordship, management, mandate, march, mastership, mastery, maximum, might, ministry, mission, most, ne plus ultra, new high, office, orb, orbit, oversight, pale, palms, paramountcy, pastorage, pastorate, pastorship, patronage, plenipotentiary power, power, power of attorney, power to act, precinct, prerogative, presidency, primacy, procuration, protectorship, province, proxy, purview, raj, range, reach, realm, record, regency, regentship, regnancy, reign, reins of government, responsibility, rightfulness, round, rule, safe hands, say, scope, sovereignty, sphere, sphere of influence, stewardship, strings, superintendence, supervision, supremacy, surveillance, sway, talons, task, territory, top spot, trust, trusteeship, tutelage, validity, vicarious authority, walk, ward, wardenship, wardship, warrant, watch and ward, wing, zenith


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