INQUISI'TION, n. s as z. [L. inquisitio,inquiro. See Inquire.] 1. Inquiry; examination; a searching or search. Psalms 9. 2. Judicial inquiry; official examination; inquest. The justices in eyre had it formerly in charge to make inquisition concerning them by a jury of the county. 3. Examination; discussion. 4. In some catholic countries, a court or tribunal established for the examination and punishment of heretics. This court was established in the twelfth century by father Dominic, who was charged by pope Innocent III. with orders to excite catholic princes and people to extirpate heretics.
nounEtymology: Middle English inquisicioun, from Anglo-French inquisition, from Latin inquisition-, inquisitio, from inquirereDate: 14th century 1. the act of inquiring ;examination2. a judicial or official inquiry or examination usually before a jury; also the finding of the jury 3.a.capitalized a former Roman Catholic tribunal for the discovery and punishment of heresy b. an investigation conducted with little regard for individual rights c. a severe questioning • inquisitionaladjective
n. 1 usu. derog. an intensive search or investigation. 2 a judicial or official inquiry. 3 (the Inquisition) RC Ch. hist. an ecclesiastical tribunal for the suppression of heresy, esp. in Spain, operating through torture and execution. Derivatives: inquisitional adj. Etymology: ME f. OF f. L inquisitio -onis examination (as INQUIRE)
Inquisition In`qui*si"tion, n. [L. inquisitio : cf. F. inquisition. See Inquire, and cf. Inquest.] 1. The act of inquiring; inquiry; search; examination; inspection; investigation. As I could learn through earnest inquisition. --Latimer. Let not search and inquisition quail To bring again these foolish runaways. --Shak. 2. (Law) (a) Judicial inquiry; official examination; inquest. (b) The finding of a jury, especially such a finding under a writ of inquiry. --Bouvier. The justices in eyre had it formerly in charge to make inquisition concerning them by a jury of the county. --Blackstone. 3. (R. C. Ch.) A court or tribunal for the examination and punishment of heretics, fully established by Pope Gregory IX. in 1235. Its operations were chiefly confined to Spain, Portugal, and their dependencies, and a part of Italy.
in-kwi-zish'-un (darash, "to follow," "diligently inquire," "question," "search" (De 19:18; Ps 9:12), baqash, "to search out," "to strive after," "inquire" (Es 2:23)): The term refers, as indicated by these passages, first of all to a careful and diligent inquiry necessary to ascertain the truth from witnesses in a court, but may also refer to a careful examination into circumstances or conditions without official authority.