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Infirmity definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

INFIRMITY, n. inferm'ity. [L. infirmitas.]
1. An unsound or unhealthy state of the body; weakness; feebleness. Old age is subject to infirmities.
2. Weakness of mind; failing; fault; foible.
A friend should bear a friend's infirmities.
3. Weakness of resolution.
4. Any particular disease; malady; applied rather to chronic, than to violent diseases.
5. Defect; imperfection; weakness; as the infirmities of a constitution of government.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age) [syn: infirmity, frailty, debility, feebleness, frailness, valetudinarianism]

Merriam Webster's

noun (plural -ties) Date: 14th century 1. a. the quality or state of being infirm b. the condition of being feeble ; frailty 2. disease, malady 3. a personal failing ; foible <one of the besetting infirmities of living creatures is egotism A. J. Toynbee>

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Infirmity In*firm"i*ty, n.; pl. Infirmities. [L. infirmitas : cf. F. infirmite. See Infirm, a.] 1. The state of being infirm; feebleness; an imperfection or weakness; esp., an unsound, unhealthy, or debilitated state; a disease; a malady; as, infirmity of body or mind. 'T is the infirmity of his age. --Shak. 2. A personal frailty or failing; foible; eccentricity; a weakness or defect. Will you be cured of your infirmity ? --Shak. A friend should bear his friend's infirmities. --Shak. The house has also its infirmities. --Evelyn. Syn: Debility; imbecility; weakness; feebleness; failing; foible; defect; disease; malady. See Debility.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

see infirm

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

in-fur'-mi-ti (dawah, chalah, machalah; astheneia): This word is used either in the singular or plural (the latter only in the New Testament) and with somewhat varying signification.

(1) As sickness or bodily disease (Joh 5:5; Mt 8:17; Lu 5:15; 8:2; 1Ti 5:23). In the last instance the affections seem to have been dyspeptic, the discomfort of which might be relieved by alcohol, although the disease would not be cured thereby. It is probable that this condition of body produced a certain slackness in Timothy's work against which Paul several times cautions him. In Lu 7:21 the Revised Version (British and American) has "diseases," which is a better rendering of the Greek noson, used here, than the King James Version "infirmities."

(2) Imperfections or weaknesses of body (Ro 6:19; 2Co 11:30 the King James Version; 2Co 12:5,9,10 the King James Version; Ga 4:13).

(3) Moral or spiritual weaknesses and defects (Ps 77:10; Ro 8:26; 15:1; Heb 4:15; 5:2; 7:28). In this sense it is often used by the classic English writers, as in Milton's "the last infirmity of noble minds"; compare Caesar, IV, iii, 86. The infirmity which a man of resolution can keep under by his will (Pr 18:14) may be either moral or physical. In Lu 13:11 the woman's physical infirmity is ascribed to the influence of an evil spirit.

Alexander Macalister

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. 1. Weakness, feebleness, debility, frailness, frailty. 2. Foible, fault, failing, defect, weakness.

Moby Thesaurus

abnormality, abulia, acute disease, advanced age, advanced years, affection, affliction, age of retirement, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, an incurable disease, anility, atrophy, bacterial disease, bad habit, besetting sin, birth defect, blemish, blight, bug, cachexia, cachexy, caducity, cardiovascular disease, catch, chronic disease, chronic ill health, circulatory disease, complaint, complication, condition, congenital defect, cowardice, crack, danger, debilitation, debility, decay, decline of life, declining years, decrepitude, defect, defection, deficiency, deficiency disease, deformity, degenerative disease, delicacy, delicate health, desultoriness, disability, disease, disorder, distemper, dotage, drawback, eld, elderliness, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, enervation, enfeeblement, epidemic disease, exhaustion, failing, failure, faintheartedness, faintness, fault, faute, fear, feeblemindedness, feebleness, flaw, foible, fragility, frailness, frailty, functional disease, fungus disease, gastrointestinal disease, genetic disease, green old age, hale old age, handicap, hazard, healthlessness, hereditary disease, hoary age, hole, hypochondria, hypochondriasis, iatrogenic disease, ill, ill health, illness, imperfection, inadequacy, incapacity, indisposition, infectious disease, infirm old age, infirmity of age, insecurity, insipidity, insolidity, instability, insubstantiality, invalidism, invalidity, kink, languishing, languishment, little problem, longevity, malady, malaise, moral flaw, morbidity, morbidness, morbus, muscular disease, neurological disease, nutritional disease, occupational disease, old age, oldness, organic disease, pandemic disease, pathological condition, pathology, peakedness, pensionable age, peril, perilousness, plant disease, pliability, poor health, precariousness, problem, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease, respiratory disease, ricketiness, rift, ripe old age, risk, riskiness, rockiness, second childhood, secondary disease, seediness, senectitude, senility, senior citizenship, shakiness, shiftiness, shiftingness, shortcoming, sickishness, sickliness, sickness, signs, slipperiness, snag, softness, something missing, speculativeness, spinelessness, superannuation, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, syndrome, taint, the downward slope, the golden years, the pip, ticklishness, treacherousness, treachery, unauthenticity, unauthoritativeness, undependability, unfaithworthiness, unfirmness, unhealthiness, unreliability, unsolidity, unsoundness, unsteadfastness, unsteadiness, unsturdiness, unsubstantiality, unsureness, untrustworthiness, unwholesomeness, urogenital disease, vale of years, valetudinarianism, vapidity, vice, virus disease, vulnerable place, wasting, wasting disease, wateriness, weak link, weak point, weak side, weak will, weak-mindedness, weakening, weakliness, weakness, white hairs, wishy-washiness, worm disease


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