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Adjacent Words

Ieoh Ming Pei
if anything
if it wasn't for
If it were not for
if not
if only
If so be
if you know what I mean
if you will

If definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

IF, v.t. It is used as the sign of a condition, or it introduces a conditional sentence. It is a verb, without a specified nominative. In like manner we use grant, admit, suppose. Regularly, if should be followed, as it was formerly, by the substitute or pronoun that, referring to the succeeding sentence or proposition. If that John shall arrive in season, I will send him with a message. But that is now omitted,and the subsequent sentence, proposition or affirmation may be considered as the object of the verb. Give John shall arrive; grant,suppose, admit that he shall arrive, I will send him with a message. The sense of if, or give, in this use, is grant, admit, cause to be, let the fact be,let the thing take place. If then is equivalent to grant, allow, admit. "If thou wilt, thou canst make me whole," that is, thou canst make me whole, give the fact, that thou wilt.
If thou art the son of God, command that these stones be made bread. Matthew 14.
1. Whether or not.
Uncertain if by augury or chance.

Merriam Webster's

I. conjunction Etymology: Middle English, from Old English gif; akin to Old High German ibu if Date: before 12th century 1. a. in the event that b. allowing that c. on the assumption that d. on condition that 2. whether <asked if the mail had come> <I doubt if I'll pass the course> 3. — used as a function word to introduce an exclamation expressing a wish <if it would only rain> 4. even though ; although perhaps <an interesting if untenable argument> 5. and perhaps not even <few if any changes are expected> — often used with not <difficult if not impossible> II. noun Date: 1513 1. condition, stipulation <the question…depends on too many ifs to allow an answer — Encounter> 2. supposition

Oxford Reference Dictionary

abbr. intermediate frequency.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

conj. & n. --conj. 1 introducing a conditional clause: a on the condition or supposition that; in the event that (if he comes I will tell him; if you are tired we will rest). b (with past tense) implying that the condition is not fulfilled (if I were you; if I knew I would say). 2 even though (I'll finish it, if it takes me all day). 3 whenever (if I am not sure I ask). 4 whether (see if you can find it). 5 a expressing wish or surprise (if I could just try!; if it isn't my old hat!). b expressing a request (if you wouldn't mind opening the door?). 6 with implied reservation, = and perhaps not (very rarely if at all). 7 (with reduction of the protasis to its significant word) if there is or it is etc. (took little if any). 8 despite being (a useful if cumbersome device). --n. a condition or supposition (too many ifs about it). Phrases and idioms: if only 1 even if for no other reason than (I'll come if only to see her). 2 (often ellipt.) an expression of regret (if only I had thought of it; if only I could swim!). if so if that is the case. Etymology: OE gif

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

If If, conj. [OE. if, gif, AS. gif; akin to OFries. ief, gef, ef, OS. ef, of, D. of, or, whether, if, G. ob whether, if, OHG. oba, ibu, Icel. ef, Goth. iba, ibai, an interrogative particle; properly a case form of a noun meaning, doubt (cf. OHG. iba doubt, condition, Icel. if, ef, ifi, efi), and therefore orig. meaning, on condition that.] 1. In case that; granting, allowing, or supposing that; -- introducing a condition or supposition. Tisiphone, that oft hast heard my prayer, Assist, if [OE]dipus deserve thy care. --Pope. If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. --Matt. iv. 3. 2. Whether; -- in dependent questions. Uncertain if by augury or chance. --Dryden. She doubts if two and two make four. --Prior. As if, But if. See under As, But.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. 1. You use if in conditional sentences to introduce the circumstances in which an event or situation might happen, might be happening, or might have happened. She gets very upset if I exclude her from anything... You can go if you want... If you went into town, you'd notice all the pubs have loud jukeboxes... Do you have a knack for coming up with ideas? If so, we would love to hear from you. CONJ 2. You use if in indirect questions where the answer is either 'yes' or 'no'. He asked if I had left with you, and I said no... I wonder if I might have a word with Mr Abbot? = whether CONJ 3. You use if to suggest that something might be slightly different from what you are stating in the main part of the sentence, for example that there might be slightly more or less of a particular quality. Sometimes, that standard is quite difficult, if not impossible, to achieve... I'm working on my fitness and I will be ready in a couple of weeks, if not sooner... CONJ: with neg 4. You use if, usually with 'can', 'could', 'may', or 'might', at a point in a conversation when you are politely trying to make a point, change the subject, or interrupt another speaker. If I could just make another small point about the weightlifters in the Olympics... CONJ 5. You use if at or near the beginning of a clause when politely asking someone to do something. I wonder if you'd be kind enough to give us some information, please?... CONJ [politeness] 6. You use if not in front of a word or phrase to indicate that your statement does not apply to that word or phrase, but to something closely related to it that you also mention. She understood his meaning, if not his words, and took his advice. PHRASE 7. You use if to introduce a subordinate clause in which you admit a fact which you regard as less important than the statement in the main clause. If there was any disappointment it was probably temporary... CONJ 8. You use if ever with past tenses when you are introducing a description of a person or thing, to emphasize how appropriate it is. I became a distraught, worried mother, a useless role if ever there was one... PHRASE [emphasis] 9. You use if only with past tenses to introduce what you think is a fairly good reason for doing something, although you realize it may not be a very good one. She writes me often, if only to scold me because I haven't written to her... PHRASE 10. You use if only to express a wish or desire, especially one that cannot be fulfilled. If only you had told me that some time ago... PHRASE [feelings] 11. You use as if when you are making a judgment about something that you see or notice. Your belief or impression might be correct, or it might be wrong. The whole room looks as if it has been lovingly put together over the years... PHRASE 12. You use as if to describe something or someone by comparing them with another thing or person. He points two fingers at his head, as if he were holding a gun... PHRASE 13. You use as if to emphasize that something is not true. (SPOKEN) Getting my work done! My God! As if it mattered. PHRASE [emphasis] 14. You use 'if anything' to introduce something which strengthens or changes the meaning of the statement you have just made, but only in a small or unimportant way. Living together didn't harm our friendship. If anything it strengthened it... PHRASE: PHR with cl 15. You use 'It's not as if' to introduce a statement which, if it were true, might explain something puzzling, although in fact it is not true. I am surprised by the fuss she's making. It's not as if my personality has changed. PHRASE: V inflects 16. You say 'if I were you' to someone when you are giving them advice. If I were you, Mrs Gretchen, I just wouldn't worry about it... PHRASE: PHR with cl

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

conj. 1. Suppose that, admitting that, allowing that, granting that, grant that, on the supposition that. 2. Whether, whether or not.

Dictionary of Ro



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