nounEtymology: Middle English gise, guise, from Anglo-French, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German w?sa manner — more at wiseDate: 13th century 1. a form or style of dress ;costume2.a.obsoletemanner, fashionb.archaic a customary way of speaking or behaving 3.a. external appearance ;semblanceb.pretext
Noble French Roman Catholic family that played a major role in French politics during the Reformation. Claude de Lorraine (1496-1550) was created the 1st duc (duke) de Guise in 1527 for his service to Francis I in the defense of France. Claude's sons Franç ois, 2nd duc de Guise, and Charles, cardinal de Lorraine (1524-1574), gained great power during the reign of Francis II. Supported by Spain and the papacy, their persecution of the Huguenots led to the unsuccessful Amboise Conspiracy (1560), an attempted assassination of the leaders of the Guise party and transfer of power to the House of Bourbon. The Guise-led massacre of a Huguenot congregation at Vassy precipitated the Wars of Religion, in which Henri I, 3rd duc de Guise, was a prominent leader. Charles de Lorraine, 4th duc de Guise (1571-1640), lived through the rapid decline of the family's power. Henri II, 5th duc de Guise, tried unsuccessfully to revive the family's power; the direct line expired with the death of his grand-nephew in 1675.
Guise Guise, n. [OE. guise, gise, way, manner, F. guise, fr. OHG. w[=i]sa, G. weise. See Wise, n.] 1. Customary way of speaking or acting; custom; fashion; manner; behavior; mien; mode; practice; -- often used formerly in such phrases as: at his own guise; that is, in his own fashion, to suit himself. --Chaucer. The swain replied, ``It never was our guise To slight the poor, or aught humane despise.'' --Pope. 2. External appearance in manner or dress; appropriate indication or expression; garb; shape. As then the guise was for each gentle swain. --Spenser. A . . . specter, in a far more terrific guise than any which ever yet have overpowered the imagination. --Burke. 3. Cover; cloak; as, under the guise of patriotism.
(guises) You use guise to refer to the outward appearance or form of someone or something, which is often temporary or different from their real nature. He turned up at a fancy dress Easter dance in the guise of a white rabbit...N-COUNT: with supp, oft in/underthe N of n