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GRADE, n. [L. gradus, a step. gradior, to step to go, rota. We observe further that the Latin gradior forms gressus, by a common change of d to s; Heb. to descend.]
n. & v. --n. 1 a a certain degree in rank, merit, proficiency, quality, etc. b a class of persons or things of the same grade. 2 a a mark indicating the quality of a student's work. b an examination, esp. in music. 3 US a class in school, concerned with a particular year's work and usu. numbered from the first upwards. 4 a a gradient or slope. b the rate of ascent or descent. 5 a a variety of cattle produced by crossing native stock with a superior breed. b a group of animals at a similar level of development. 6 Philol. a relative position in a series of forms involving ablaut. --v. 1 tr. arrange in or allocate to grades; class, sort. 2 intr. (foll. by up, down, off, into, etc.) pass gradually between grades, or into a grade. 3 tr. give a grade to (a student). 4 tr. blend so as to affect the grade of colour with tints passing into each other. 5 tr. reduce (a road etc.) to easy gradients. 6 tr. (often foll. by up) cross (livestock) with a better breed. Phrases and idioms: at grade US on the same level. grade crossing US = level crossing. grade school US elementary school. make the grade colloq. succeed; reach the desired standard. Etymology: F grade or L gradus step
Grade Grade, n. [F. grade, L. gradus step, pace, grade, from gradi to step, go. Cf. Congress, Degree, Gradus.] 1. A step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standing; as, grades of military rank; crimes of every grade; grades of flour. They also appointed and removed, at their own pleasure, teachers of every grade. --Buckle. 2. In a railroad or highway: (a) The rate of ascent or descent; gradient; deviation from a level surface to an inclined plane; -- usually stated as so many feet per mile, or as one foot rise or fall in so many of horizontal distance; as, a heavy grade; a grade of twenty feet per mile, or of 1 in 264. (b) A graded ascending, descending, or level portion of a road; a gradient. 3. (Stock Breeding) The result of crossing a native stock with some better breed. If the crossbreed have more than three fourths of the better blood, it is called high grade. At grade, on the same level; -- said of the crossing of a railroad with another railroad or a highway, when they are on the same level at the point of crossing. Down grade, a descent, as on a graded railroad. Up grade, an ascent, as on a graded railroad. Equating for grades. See under Equate. Grade crossing, a crossing at grade.
Grade Grade, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Graded; p. pr. & vb. n. Grading.] 1. To arrange in order, steps, or degrees, according to size, quality, rank, etc. 2. To reduce to a level, or to an evenly progressive ascent, as the line of a canal or road. 3. (Stock Breeding) To cross with some better breed; to improve the blood of.
Grade Grade, n. A harsh scraping or cutting; a grating. The grade of hatchets fiercely thrown. On wigwam log, and tree, and stone. --Whittier.
(grades, grading, graded) Frequency: The word is one of the 3000 most common words in English. 1. If something is graded, its quality is judged, and it is often given a number or a name that indicates how good or bad it is. Dust masks are graded according to the protection they offer... South Point College does not grade the students' work. ...a three-tier grading system. VERB: be V-ed, V n, V-ing 2. The grade of a product is its quality, especially when this has been officially judged. ...a good grade of plywood. ...a grade II listed building. N-COUNT: with supp, oft adj N, N num • Grade is also a combining form. ...weapons-grade plutonium. ...aviation fuel and high-grade oil. COMB in ADJ 3. Your grade in an examination or piece of written work is the mark you get, usually in the form of a letter or number, that indicates your level of achievement. What grade are you hoping to get?... There was a lot of pressure on you to obtain good grades. N-COUNT: with supp, oft adj N, N num 4. Your grade in a company or organization is your level of importance or your rank. Staff turnover is particularly high among junior grades. N-COUNT: with supp 5. In the United States, a grade is a group of classes in which all the children are of a similar age. When you are six years old you go into the first grade and you leave school after the twelfth grade. Mr White teaches first grade in south Georgia. N-COUNT: usu with supp, oft ord N 6. A grade is a slope. (AM; in BRIT, use gradient) She drove up a steep grade and then began the long descent into the desert. N-COUNT 7. Someone's grade is their military rank. (AM) I was a naval officer, lieutenant junior grade. N-COUNT 8. If someone makes the grade, they succeed, especially by reaching a particular standard. She had a strong desire to be a dancer but failed to make the grade. PHRASE: V inflects
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