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Gamaliel I
Gamaliel II
Gambia River
Gambia, The
Gambian monetary unit
Gambier Islands
gamble on

Gambia definitions

Flags of the World

Flag of Gambia

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: a narrow republic surrounded by Senegal in West Africa [syn: Gambia, The Gambia, Republic of The Gambia]

Merriam Webster's

geographical name 1. river 700 miles (1126 kilometers) W Africa flowing from Fouta Djallon in W Guinea W through Senegal into the Atlantic in Gambia 2. (or the Gambia) country W Africa; a republic in the Commonwealth of Nations capital Banjul area 4003 square miles (10,368 square kilometers), population 687,817 Gambian adjective or noun

Britannica Concise

Republic, W Africa. Constituting an enclave in Senegal, it lies along the Gambia River stretching inland 295 mi (475 km) from the Atlantic Ocean. Area: 4,127 sq mi (10,689 sq km). Population (1997 est.): 1,248,000. Capital: Banjul. About two-fifths of the population is Malinke, followed by Fulani (about one-fifth), Wolof (about one-seventh), and other groups. Language: English (official). Religion: Islam. Monetary unit: dalasi. Gambia is generally hilly and the climate subtropical, with savanna in the uplands and swamps in low-lying areas. It has a developing market economy based largely on the production and export of peanuts, though only about one-sixth of the country is arable. The river serves as a major transportation artery. Tourism is an important source of revenue. It is a republic with one legislative body; its head of state and government is the president. Beginning around the 13th cent. AD, the Wolof, Malinke, and Fulani peoples settled in different parts of what is now Gambia and established villages and then kingdoms in the region. European exploration began when the Portuguese sighted the Gambia River in 1455. In the 17th cent., when Britain and France both settled in the area, the British Ft. James, on an island about 20 mi (32 km) from the river's mouth, was an important collection point for the slave trade. In 1783 the Treaty of Versailles reserved the Gambia River for Britain. After the British abolished slavery in 1807, they built a fort at the mouth of the river to block the continuing slave trade. In 1889 Gambia's boundaries were agreed upon by Britain and France; the British declared a protectorate over the area in 1894. Independence was proclaimed in 1965, and Gambia became a republic within the Commonwealth in 1970. It formed a limited confederation with Senegal in 1982, which was dissolved in 1989. During the 1990s, the government was in turmoil.


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