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Fumades
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fumarole definitions

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Italian fumarola, from Italian dialect (Neapolitan), from Late Latin fumariolum vent, from Latin fumarium smoke chamber for aging wine, from fumus Date: 1811 a hole in a volcanic region from which hot gases and vapors issue fumarolic adjective

Britannica Concise

Vent from which volcanic vapors issue. Fumaroles, like geysers, are caused by hot springs, which disperse groundwater from the upper parts of the earth's crust after it has been heated by magma. As magma begins to solidify, the gases in it, mostly water vapor, become concentrated by the pressure of the remaining liquid. When the pressure becomes high enough, the liquid is forced into cracks in the surrounding rock. A fumarole forms if a crack extends to the surface.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. an opening in or near a volcano, through which hot vapours emerge. Derivatives: fumarolic adj. Etymology: F fumarolle

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Fumarole Fu"ma*role, n. [It. fumaruola, fr. fumo smoke, L. fumus: cf. F. fumerolle, fumarolle.] A hole or spot in a volcanic or other region, from which fumes issue.



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