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Adjacent Words

full-wave rectifier
fuller's earth
Fuller's field
Fuller's herb
Fuller's soap
fuller's teasel
Fuller's thistle
Fuller's thistle or weed

Fuller definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

FULL'ER, n. One whose occupation is to full cloth.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: United States jurist and chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1833-1910) [syn: Fuller, Melville W. Fuller, Melville Weston Fuller]
2: United States architect who invented the geodesic dome (1895-1983) [syn: Fuller, Buckminster Fuller, R. Buckminster Fuller, Richard Buckminster Fuller]
3: a workman who fulls (cleans and thickens) freshly woven cloth for a living

Merriam Webster's

I. biographical name Melville Weston 1833-1910 American jurist; chief justice United States Supreme Court (1888-1910) II. biographical name (Richard) Buckminster 1895-1983 American engineer III. biographical name (Sarah) Margaret 1810-1850 Marchioness Ossoli American critic & reformer IV. biographical name Thomas 1608-1661 English divine & author

Merriam Webster's

I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fullere, from Latin fullo Date: before 12th century one that fulls cloth II. noun Etymology: fuller to form a groove in Date: circa 1864 a blacksmithing hammer for grooving and spreading iron

Oxford Reference Dictionary

1. n. a person who fulls cloth. Phrases and idioms: fuller's earth a type of clay used in fulling cloth and as an adsorbent. Etymology: OE fullere f. L fullo 2. n. & v. --n. 1 a grooved or rounded tool on which iron is shaped. 2 a groove made by this esp. in a horseshoe. --v.tr. stamp with a fuller. Etymology: 19th c.: orig. unkn.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Full Full, a. [Compar. Fuller; superl. Fullest.] [OE. & AS. ful; akin to OS. ful, D. vol, OHG. fol, G. voll, Icel. fullr, Sw. full, Dan. fuld, Goth. fulls, L. plenus, Gr. ?, Skr. p?rna full, pr? to fill, also to Gr. ? much, E. poly-, pref., G. viel, AS. fela. [root]80. Cf. Complete, Fill, Plenary, Plenty.] 1. Filled up, having within its limits all that it can contain; supplied; not empty or vacant; -- said primarily of hollow vessels, and hence of anything else; as, a cup full of water; a house full of people. Had the throne been full, their meeting would not have been regular. --Blackstone. 2. Abundantly furnished or provided; sufficient in. quantity, quality, or degree; copious; plenteous; ample; adequate; as, a full meal; a full supply; a full voice; a full compensation; a house full of furniture. 3. Not wanting in any essential quality; complete, entire; perfect; adequate; as, a full narrative; a person of full age; a full stop; a full face; the full moon. It came to pass, at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed. --Gen. xii. 1. The man commands Like a full soldier. --Shak. I can not Request a fuller satisfaction Than you have freely granted. --Ford. 4. Sated; surfeited. I am full of the burnt offerings of rams. --Is. i. 11. 5. Having the mind filled with ideas; stocked with knowledge; stored with information. Reading maketh a full man. --Bacon. 6. Having the attention, thoughts, etc., absorbed in any matter, and the feelings more or less excited by it, as, to be full of some project. Every one is full of the miracles done by cold baths on decayed and weak constitutions. --Locke. 7. Filled with emotions. The heart is so full that a drop overfills it. --Lowell. 8. Impregnated; made pregnant. [Obs.] Ilia, the fair, . . . full of Mars. --Dryden. At full, when full or complete. --Shak. Full age (Law) the age at which one attains full personal rights; majority; -- in England and the United States the age of 21 years. --Abbott. Full and by (Naut.), sailing closehauled, having all the sails full, and lying as near the wind as poesible. Full band (Mus.), a band in which all the instruments are employed. Full binding, the binding of a book when made wholly of leather, as distinguished from half binding. Full bottom, a kind of wig full and large at the bottom. Full brother or sister, a brother or sister having the same parents as another. Full cry (Hunting), eager chase; -- said of hounds that have caught the scent, and give tongue together. Full dress, the dress prescribed by authority or by etiquette to be worn on occasions of ceremony. Full hand (Poker), three of a kind and a pair. Full moon. (a) The moon with its whole disk illuminated, as when opposite to the sun. (b) The time when the moon is full. Full organ (Mus.), the organ when all or most stops are out. Full score (Mus.), a score in which all the parts for voices and instruments are given. Full sea, high water. Full swing, free course; unrestrained liberty; ``Leaving corrupt nature to . . . the full swing and freedom of its own extravagant actings.'' South (Colloq.) In full, at length; uncontracted; unabridged; written out in words, and not indicated by figures. In full blast. See under Blast.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Fuller Full"er, n. [AS. fullere, fr. L. fullo. See Full, v. t.] One whose occupation is to full cloth. Fuller's earth, a variety of clay, used in scouring and cleansing cloth, to imbibe grease. Fuller's herb (Bot.), the soapwort (Saponaria officinalis), formerly used to remove stains from cloth. Fuller's thistle or weed (Bot.), the teasel (Dipsacus fullonum) whose burs are used by fullers in dressing cloth. See Teasel.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Fuller Full"er, n. [From Full, a.] (Blacksmith's Work) A die; a half-round set hammer, used for forming grooves and spreading iron; -- called also a creaser.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Fuller Full"er, v. t. To form a groove or channel in, by a fuller or set hammer; as, to fuller a bayonet.

Easton's Bible Dictionary

The word "full" is from the Anglo-Saxon fullian, meaning "to whiten." To full is to press or scour cloth in a mill. This art is one of great antiquity. Mention is made of "fuller's soap" (Mal. 3:2), and of "the fuller's field" (2 Kings 18:17). At his transfiguration our Lord's rainment is said to have been white "so as no fuller on earth could white them" (Mark 9:3). En-rogel (q.v.), meaning literally "foot-fountain," has been interpreted as the "fuller's fountain," because there the fullers trod the cloth with their feet.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

fool'-er (kabhac; literally, "to trample," gnapheus): The fuller was usually the dyer, since, before the woven cloth could be properly dyed, it must be freed from the oily and gummy substances naturally found on the raw fiber. Many different substances were in ancient times used for cleansing. Among them were white clay, putrid urine, and the ashes of certain desert plants (Arabic qali, Biblical "soap"; Mal 3:2). The fuller's shop was usually outside the city (2Ki 18:17; Isa 7:3; 36:2), first, that he might have sufficient room to spread out his cloth for drying and sunning, and second, because of the offensive odors sometimes produced by his processes. The Syrian indigo dyer still uses a cleaning process closely allied to that pictured on the Egyptian monuments. The unbleached cotton is soaked in water and then sprinkled with the powdered ashes of the ishnan, locally called qali, and then beaten in heaps on a flat stone either with another stone or with a large wooden paddle. The cloth is washed free from the alkali by small boys treading on it in a running stream or in many changes of clean water (compare En-rogel, literally, "foot fountain," but translated also "fuller's fountain" because of the fullers' method of washing their cloth). Mark describes Jesus' garments at the time of His transfiguration as being whiter than any fuller on earth could whiten them (Mr 9:3).

James A. Patch


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