wordswarm.net: free dictionary lookup
Wordswarms From Years Past

13-Letter Words
12-Letter Words
11-Letter Words
10-Letter Words
9-Letter Words
8-Letter Words
7-Letter Words
6-Letter Words
5-Letter Words
4-Letter Words
3-Letter Words

Adjacent Words

Freddie Mac
Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
Frederic Francois Chopin
Frederic Goudy
Frederic William Goudy
Frederic William Maitland
Frederick Barbarossa
Frederick Carleton Lewis
Frederick Childe Hassam
Frederick Delius
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Henry
Frederick I
Frederick III
Frederick IX
Frederick Jackson Turner
Frederick James Furnivall
Frederick Law Olmsted
Frederick Loewe
Frederick Moore Vinson
Frederick North
Frederick Sanger
Frederick Soddy
Frederick the Great
Frederick V
Frederick VII
Frederick William
Frederick William I

Frederick II definitions

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: king of Prussia from 1740 to 1786; brought Prussia military prestige by winning the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War (1712-1786) [syn: Frederick II, Frederick the Great]
2: the Holy Roman Emperor who led the Sixth Crusade and crowned himself king of Jerusalem (1194-1250) [syn: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]

Merriam Webster's

I. biographical name 1194-1250 Holy Roman emperor (1215-50); king of Sicily (1198-1250) II. biographical name 1712-1786 the Great king of Prussia (1740-86)

Britannica Concise

King of Sicily (1197-1250), duke of Swabia (1228-35), German king (1212-50), and Holy Roman Emperor (1220-50). The grandson of Frederick I Barbarossa, he became king of Sicily at age 3 but did not gain control over the strife-ridden country until 1212. He defeated his rival Otto IV in 1214, and though the planned union of Sicily and Germany alarmed the pope (1220), he negotiated a compromise and was crowned emperor. A delay in departing for the Sixth Crusade brought excommunication (1227), later revoked. By 1229 Frederick was king of Jerusalem. On his return he quelled a rebellion in Germany led by his son Henry VII, who had allied with the Lombard League. Seeing Frederick as a growing threat to papal authority, Gregory IX excommunicated him again in 1239; the emperor responded by invading the Papal States. He tried and failed (1245) to negotiate peace with Innocent IV, and his struggle with the papacy continued. By the time of his death Frederick had lost much of central Italy, and his support in Germany was uncertain..King of Prussia (1740-86). The son of Frederick William I, he suffered an unhappy early life, subject to his father's capricious bullying. After trying to escape in 1730, he submitted to his father but continued to pursue intellectual and artistic interests. On his father's death (1740), Frederick became king and asserted his leadership. He seized parts of Silesia during the War of the Austrian Succession, strengthening Prussia considerably. He invaded Saxony in 1756 and marched on into Bohemia. Frederick was almost defeated in the Seven Years' War (1756-63), until his admirer Peter III signed a Russo-Prussian peace treaty that lasted until 1780. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 led to enormous territorial gains for Prussia. Austro-Prussian rivalry led to the War of the Bavarian Succession (1778-79), a diplomatic victory for Frederick, but continued fear of Habsburg ambitions led him to form a league of German states against Joseph II. Under Frederick's leadership Prussia became one of the great states of Europe, with vastly expanded territories and impressive military strength. In addition to modernizing the army, Frederick also espoused the ideas of enlightened despotism and instituted numerous economic, civil, and social reforms.

comments powered by Disqus

Wordswarm.net: Look up a word or phrase


wordswarm.net: free dictionary lookup