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Experiment definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

EXPER'IMENT, n. [L. experimentum, from experior, as in experience, which see.]
A trial; an act or operation designed to discover some unknown truth, principle or effect, or to establish it when discovered. Experiments in chimistry disclose the qualities of natural bodies. A series of experiments proves the uniformity of the laws of matter. It is not always safe to trust to a single experiment. It is not expedient to try many experiments in legislation.
A political experiment cannot be made in a laboratory, nor determined in a few hours.
EXPER'IMENT, v.i. To make trial; to make an experiment; to operate on a body in such a manner as to discover some unknown fact, or to establish it when known. Philosophers experiment on natural bodies for the discovery of their qualities and combinations.
1. To try; to search by trial.
2. To experience. [Not used.]
EXPER'IMENT, v.t. To try; to know by trial. [Little used.]

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation [syn: experiment, experimentation]
2: the testing of an idea; "it was an experiment in living"; "not all experimentation is done in laboratories" [syn: experiment, experimentation]
3: a venture at something new or different; "as an experiment he decided to grow a beard" v
1: to conduct a test or investigation; "We are experimenting with the new drug in order to fight this disease"
2: try something new, as in order to gain experience; "Students experiment sexually"; "The composer experimented with a new style" [syn: experiment, try out]

Merriam Webster's

I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French esperiment, from Latin experimentum, from experiri Date: 14th century 1. a. test, trial <make another experiment of his suspicion Shakespeare> b. a tentative procedure or policy c. an operation or procedure carried out under controlled conditions in order to discover an unknown effect or law, to test or establish a hypothesis, or to illustrate a known law 2. obsolete experience 3. the process of testing ; experimentation II. intransitive verb Date: 1787 to carry out experiments ; try out a new procedure, idea, or activity experimentation noun experimenter noun

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & v. --n. 1 a procedure adopted on the chance of its succeeding, for testing a hypothesis etc., or to demonstrate a known fact. 2 (foll. by of) a test or trial of. --v.intr. (often foll. by on, with) make an experiment. Derivatives: experimentation n. experimenter n. Etymology: ME f. OF experiment or L experimentum (as EXPERIENCE)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Experiment Ex*per"i*ment, v. t. To try; to know, perceive, or prove, by trial experience. [Obs.] --Sir T. Herbert.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Experiment Ex*per"i*ment, n. [L. experimentum, fr. experiri to try: cf. OF. esperiment, experiment. See Experience.] 1. Atrial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something doubtful; esp., one under conditions determined by the experimenter; an act or operation undertaken in order to discover some unknown principle or effect, or to test, establish, or illustrate some suggest or known truth; practical test; poof. A political experiment can not be made in a laboratory, not determinant in a few hours. --J. Adams. 2. Experience. [Obs.] Adam, by sad experiment I know How little weight my words with thee can find. --Milton.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Experiment Ex*per"i*ment, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Experimented; p. pr. & vb. n. Experinenting.] To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(experimented) Frequency: The word is one of the 3000 most common words in English. 1. An experiment is a scientific test which is done in order to discover what happens to something in particular conditions. The astronauts are conducting a series of experiments to learn more about how the body adapts to weightlessness... This question can be answered only by experiment. N-VAR 2. If you experiment with something or experiment on it, you do a scientific test on it in order to discover what happens to it in particular conditions. In 1857 Mendel started experimenting with peas in his monastery garden... The scientists have already experimented at each other's test sites. VERB: V with/on n, V experimentation ...the ethical aspects of animal experimentation. experimenter (experimenters) When the experimenters repeated the tests on themselves, they observed an exactly opposite effect. N-COUNT 3. An experiment is the trying out of a new idea or method in order to see what it is like and what effects it has. As an experiment, we bought Ted a watch. N-VAR 4. To experiment means to try out a new idea or method to see what it is like and what effects it has. ...if you like cooking and have the time to experiment... He believes that students should be encouraged to experiment with bold ideas. VERB: V, V with n experimentation Decentralization and experimentation must be encouraged...

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

eks-per'-i-ment (dokime, "approvedness," "tried character"):

"The experiment of this ministration" (2Co 9:13 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "the proving of you by his ministration"), i.e. the sincerity of their Christian profession was evidenced by their liberal contribution.

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. n. 1. Trial, test, examination, assay, proof, touchstone, ordeal. 2. Organized observation, prearranged investigation, exact trial, use of experiments, experimentation. II. v. n. Make experiment, make trial.

Moby Thesaurus

analysis, analyze, approach, assay, attempt, bid, bring to test, confirm, crack, cut and try, effort, endeavor, enquiry, essay, examination, examine, experimentation, fling, gambit, give a try, give a tryout, go, have a go, inquiry, investigate, investigation, lick, move, offer, play around with, policy, practice upon, probe, procedure, proof, prove, put to trial, research, road-test, run a sample, sample, scrutinize, search, shake down, shot, stab, step, stroke, strong bid, study, substantiate, taste, tentative, test, trial, trial and error, trial run, try, try anything once, try it on, try out, undertaking, validate, verify, weigh, whack



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