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ESTIMATE; ESTIMATION
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Estimate definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

ES'TIMATE, v.t. [L. oestimo. See Esteem.]
1. To judge and form an opinion of the value of; to rate by judgment or opinion, without weighing or measuring either value, degree, extent or quantity. We estimate the value of cloth by inspection, or the extend of a piece of land, or the distance of a mountain. We estimate the worth of a friend by his known qualities. We estimate the merits or talents of two different men by judgment. We estimate profits, loss and damage. Hence,
2. To compute; to calculate; to reckon.
ES'TIMATE, n. A valuing or rating in the mind; a judgment or opinion of the value, degree, extent or quantity of any thing, without ascertaining it. We form estimates of the expenses of a war, of the probable outfits of a voyage, of the comparative strength or merits of two men, of the extent of a kingdom or its population. Hence estimate may be equivalent to calculation, computation, without measuring or weighing.
1. Value.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth; "an estimate of what it would cost"; "a rough idea how long it would take" [syn: estimate, estimation, approximation, idea]
2: a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody; "many factors are involved in any estimate of human life"; "in my estimation the boy is innocent" [syn: estimate, estimation]
3: a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation) [syn: appraisal, estimate, estimation]
4: a statement indicating the likely cost of some job; "he got an estimate from the car repair shop"
5: the respect with which a person is held; "they had a high estimation of his ability" [syn: estimate, estimation] v
1: judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time); "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds" [syn: estimate, gauge, approximate, guess, judge]
2: judge to be probable [syn: calculate, estimate, reckon, count on, figure, forecast]

Merriam Webster's

I. transitive verb (-mated; -mating) Etymology: Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate Date: circa 1532 1. archaic a. esteem b. appraise 2. a. to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of b. to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of c. to produce a statement of the approximate cost of 3. judge, conclude estimative adjective Synonyms: estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out <estimated the crowd at two hundred>. appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment <having their house appraised>. evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary <evaluate a student's work>. value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment <a watercolor valued by the donor at $500>. rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values <a highly rated restaurant>. assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action <officials are trying to assess the damage>. II. noun Date: 1552 1. the act of appraising or valuing ; calculation 2. an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing <had a high estimate of his abilities> 3. a. a rough or approximate calculation b. a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter 4. a statement of the cost of work to be done

U.S. Military Dictionary

1. An analysis of a foreign situation, development, or trend that identifies its major elements, interprets the significance, and appraises the future possibilities and the prospective results of the various actions that might be taken. 2. An appraisal of the capabilities, vulnerabilities, and potential courses of action of a foreign nation or combination of nations in consequence of a specific national plan, policy, decision, or contemplated course of action. 3. An analysis of an actual or contemplated clandestine operation in relation to the situation in which it is or would be conducted in order to identify and appraise such factors as available as well as needed assets and potential obstacles, accomplishments, and consequences. See also intelligence estimate.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & v. --n. 1 an approximate judgement, esp. of cost, value, size, etc. 2 a price specified as that likely to be charged for work to be undertaken. --v.tr. (also absol.) 1 form an estimate or opinion of. 2 (foll. by that + clause) make a rough calculation. 3 (often foll. by at) form an estimate; adjudge. 4 fix (a price etc.) by estimate. Derivatives: estimative adj. estimator n. Etymology: L aestimare aestimat- fix the price of

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Estimate Es"ti*mate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Estimated; p. pr. & vb. n. Estimating.] [L. aestimatus, p. p. of aestimare. See Esteem, v. t.] 1. To judge and form an opinion of the value of, from imperfect data, -- either the extrinsic (money), or intrinsic (moral), value; to fix the worth of roughly or in a general way; as, to estimate the value of goods or land; to estimate the worth or talents of a person. It is by the weight of silver, and not the name of the piece, that men estimate commodities and exchange them. --Locke. It is always very difficult to estimate the age in which you are living. --J. C. Shairp. 2. To from an opinion of, as to amount,, number, etc., from imperfect data, comparison, or experience; to make an estimate of; to calculate roughly; to rate; as, to estimate the cost of a trip, the number of feet in a piece of land. Syn: To appreciate; value; appraise; prize; rate; esteem; count; calculate; number. -- To Estimate, Esteem. Both these words imply an exercise of the judgment. Estimate has reference especially to the external relations of things, such as amount, magnitude, importance, etc. It usually involves computation or calculation; as, to estimate the loss or gain of an enterprise. Esteem has reference to the intrinsic or moral worth of a person or thing. Thus, we esteem a man for his kindness, or his uniform integrity. In this sense it implies a mingled sentiment of respect and attachment. We esteem it an honor to live in a free country. See Appreciate.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Estimate Es"ti*mate, n. A valuing or rating by the mind, without actually measuring, weighing, or the like; rough or approximate calculation; as, an estimate of the cost of a building, or of the quantity of water in a pond. Weigh success in a moral balance, and our whole estimate is changed. --J. C. Shairp. Syn: Estimate, Estimation, Esteem. Usage: The noun estimate, like its verb, supposes chiefly an exercise of judgment in determining the amount, importance, or magnitude of things, with their other exterior relations; as, an estimate of expenses incurred; a true estimate of life, etc. Esteem is a moral sentiment made up of respect and attachment, -- the valuation of a person as possessing useful qualities or real worth. Thus we speak of the esteem of the wise and good as a thing greatly to be desired. Estimation seems to waver between the two. In our version of the Scriptures it is used simply for estimate; as, ``If he be poorer than thy estimation.'' --Lev. xxvii. 8. In other cases, it verges toward esteem; as, ``I know him to be of worth and worthy estimation.'' --Shak. It will probably settle down at last on this latter sense. ``Esteem is the value we place upon some degree of worth. It is higher than simple approbation, which is a decision of judgment. It is the commencement of affection.'' --Gogan. No; dear as freedom is, and in my heart's Just estimation prized above all price. --Cowper.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(estimated) Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English. 1. If you estimate a quantity or value, you make an approximate judgment or calculation of it. Try to estimate how many steps it will take to get to a close object... I estimate that the total cost for treatment will be $12,500... He estimated the speed of the winds from the degree of damage... Some analysts estimate its current popularity at around ten per cent... VERB: V wh, V that, V n, V n at amount estimated There are an estimated 90,000 gangsters in the country. ADJ: a ADJ amount 2. An estimate is an approximate calculation of a quantity or value. ...the official estimate of the election result... This figure is five times the original estimate... N-COUNT: usu with supp, oft N of/for n 3. An estimate is a judgment about a person or situation which you make based on the available evidence. I hadn't been far wrong in my estimate of his grandson's capabilities. N-COUNT: oft with poss, N of n 4. An estimate from someone who you employ to do a job for you, such as a builder or a plumber, is a written statement of how much the job is likely to cost. N-COUNT

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. v. a. 1. Value, appraise, rate, prize, esteem, appreciate, set a value on, set a price on. 2. Compute, reckon, count, calculate. II. n. 1. Valuation, estimation. 2. Calculation, computation.

Moby Thesaurus

account as, add, adjudge, adjudicate, algebraize, analyzing, appraisal, appraise, appraisement, appraising, appreciate, appreciation, approximate, approximation, ascertain, assay, assess, assessing, assessment, assize, assizement, assume, assumption, attitude, be afraid, belief, believe, calculate, calculation, calibrate, caliper, call, cast, check a parameter, cipher, class, climate of opinion, common belief, community sentiment, computation, compute, conceit, conceive, concept, conception, conclusion, conjecture, consensus gentium, consider, consideration, correction, count, daresay, decide, deduce, deem, determination, determine, dial, discover, divide, dope out, enumerate, esteem, estimation, ethos, evaluate, evaluating, evaluation, evaluative criticism, expect, extract roots, eye, fancy, fathom, feeling, figure, figure in, figure out, form an estimate, gauge, gauging, general belief, give an appreciation, graduate, guess, guesstimate, have a hunch, have an idea, have an impression, have an inkling, have the idea, hold, hold as, idea, imagine, impression, infer, instrumentation, judge, judgement, judgment, lights, look upon as, maintain, make an estimation, mark, measure, measurement, measuring, mensurate, mensuration, mete, meter, metric system, mind, multiply, mystique, notion, observation, opine, opinion, pace, personal judgment, place, plumb, point of view, popular belief, position, posture, presume, presumption, prevailing belief, price, prize, probe, projection, public belief, public opinion, put, quantification, quantify, quantization, quantize, rank, ranking, rate, rating, reaction, reckon, reckoning, regard, round, score, sense, sentiment, set at, set down as, settle, sight, size, size up, sound, span, stance, step, stock, subtract, sum, suppose, surmise, survey, surveying, suspect, take, take a reading, take account of, take for, take it, tally, telemetering, telemetry, theory, think, thinking, thought, triangulate, triangulation, trow, valuate, valuation, value, valuing, view, view as, viewpoint, way of thinking, ween, weigh, weighing, work out



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