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dizzyingly
dj
Djakarta
Djanet
Djawa
djellaba
djellabah
Djerba
Djereed
Djerrid
DJIA
djibba
Djibouti franc
Djiboutian
djinn
djinnee
djinni
Djinns
djinny
dk
DKB
dkg
DKK
dkl
dkm
DKR

Djibouti definitions

Flags of the World

Flag of Djibouti

CIA World Factbook, 2008

Background
The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multi-party presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH; he was re-elected to a second and final term in 2005. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, but also has strong ties with the US. Djibouti hosts the only US military base in sub-Saharan Africa and is a front-line state in the global war on terrorism.

Location
total: 23,000 sq km land: 22,980 sq km water: 20 sq km

Area - comparative
total: 516 km border countries: Eritrea 109 km, Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km

Coastline
territorial sea: 12 nm contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate
lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m

Natural resources
arable land: 0.04% permanent crops: 0% other: 99.96% (2005)

Irrigated land
Total: 0.02 cu km/yr (84%/0%/16%) Per capita: 25 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural hazards
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note
0-14 years: 43.4% (male 107,957/female 107,233) 15-64 years: 53.2% (male 137,111/female 126,952) 65 years and over: 3.4% (male 8,626/female 8,495) (2007 est.)

Median age
total: 18.2 years male: 18.6 years female: 17.7 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.007 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 1.015 male(s)/female total population: 1.045 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate
total: 100.77 deaths/1,000 live births male: 108.35 deaths/1,000 live births female: 92.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
total population: 43.25 years male: 41.88 years female: 44.65 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate
degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever vectorborne disease: malaria note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified among birds in this country or surrounding region; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2007)

Nationality
noun: Djiboutian(s) adjective: Djiboutian

Ethnic groups
definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 67.9% male: 78% female: 58.4% (2003 est.)

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti conventional short form: Djibouti local long form: Republique de Djibouti/Jumhuriyat Jibuti local short form: Djibouti/Jibuti former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland

Government type
name: Djibouti geographic coordinates: 11 35 N, 43 09 E time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
chief of state: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999) head of government: Prime Minister Mohamed Dileita DILEITA (since 4 March 2001) cabinet: Council of Ministers responsible to the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 8 April 2005 (next to be held by April 2011); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Ismail Omar GUELLEH reelected president; percent of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 100%

Legislative branch
elections: last held 10 January 2003 (next to be held in January 2008) election results: percent of vote - RPP 62.2%, FRUD 36.9%; seats - RPP 65; note - RPP (the ruling party) dominated the election

Judicial branch
chief of mission: Ambassador Roble OLHAYE Oudine chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005 telephone: [1] (202) 331-0270 FAX: [1] (202) 331-0302

Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador W. Stuart SYMINGTON embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti telephone: [253] 35 39 95 FAX: [253] 35 39 40

Flag description
agriculture: 17.9% industry: 22.5% services: 59.6% (2003 est.)

Labor force
agriculture: NA% industry: NA% services: NA%

Unemployment rate
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices)
revenues: $135 million expenditures: $182 million (1999 est.)

Agriculture - products
general assessment: telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate, as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country domestic: microwave radio relay network; mobile cellular coverage is limited to the area in and around Djibouti city international: country code - 253; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable with links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network

Radio broadcast stations
total: 3 over 3,047 m: 1 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 10 1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 914 to 1,523 m: 5 under 914 m: 3 (2007)

Railways
total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway) narrow gauge: 100 km 1.000-m gauge note: railway under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia (2006)

Roadways
total: 2,890 km paved: 364 km unpaved: 2,526 km (1999)

Merchant marine
total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 1,369 GRT/3,030 DWT by type: cargo 1 (2007)

Ports and terminals
males age 18-49: 95,328 females age 18-49: 87,795 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 18-49: 46,020 females age 18-49: 42,181 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP
refugees (country of origin): 9,828 (Somalia) (2006)

Trafficking in persons
current situation: Djibouti is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation and possibly forced labor; small numbers are trafficked from Ethiopia and Somalia for sexual exploitation; economic migrants from these countries also fall victim to trafficking upon reaching Djibouti City or the Ethiopia-Djibouti trucking corridor; women and children from neighboring countries reportedly transit Djibouti to Arab countries and Somalia for ultimate use in forced labor or sexual exploitation tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Djibouti does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so based partly on the government's commitments to undertake future action

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: port city on the Gulf of Aden; the capital and largest city of Djibouti [syn: Djibouti, capital of Djibouti]
2: a country in northeastern Africa on the Somali peninsula; formerly under French control but became independent in 1997 [syn: Djibouti, Republic of Djibouti, Afars and Issas]

Merriam Webster's

geographical name 1. (or formerly French Territory of the Afars and the Issas) (or earlier French Somaliland) country E Africa on Gulf of Aden; a republic area 8880 square miles (23,088 square kilometers), population 510,000 2. city, its capital population 300,000



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