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DISTURB, v.t. [L., to trouble, disorder, discompose; a crowd, a tumult; Gr., a tumult. The primary sense seems to be to stir, or to turn or whirl round.]
verb Etymology: Middle English disturben, destourben, from Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French destorber, from Latin disturbare, from dis- + turbare to throw into disorder, from turba disorder — more at turbid Date: 14th century
v.tr. 1 break the rest, calm, or quiet of; interrupt. 2 agitate; worry (your story disturbs me). 3 move from a settled position, disarrange (the papers had been disturbed). 4 (as disturbed adj.) Psychol. emotionally or mentally unstable or abnormal. Derivatives: disturber n. disturbing adj. disturbingly adv. Etymology: ME f. OF desto(u)rber f. L disturbare (as DIS-, turbare f. turba tumult)
Disturb Dis*turb", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Disturbed; p. pr. & vb. n. Disturbing.] [OE. desturben, destourben, OF. destorber, desturber, destourber, fr. L. disturbare, disturbatum; dis- + turbare to disturb, trouble, turba disorder, tumult, crowd. See Turbid.] 1. To throw into disorder or confusion; to derange; to interrupt the settled state of; to excite from a state of rest. Preparing to disturb With all-cofounding war the realms above. --Cowper. The bellow's noise disturbed his quiet rest. --Spenser. The utmost which the discontented colonies could do, was to disturb authority. --Burke. 2. To agitate the mind of; to deprive of tranquillity; to disquiet; to render uneasy; as, a person is disturbed by receiving an insult, or his mind is disturbed by envy. 3. To turn from a regular or designed course. [Obs.] And disturb His inmost counsels from their destined aim. --Milton. Syn: To disorder; disquiet; agitate; discompose; molest; perplex; trouble; incommode; ruffle.
Disturb Dis*turb", n. Disturbance. [Obs.] --Milton.
(disturbs, disturbing, disturbed) 1. If you disturb someone, you interrupt what they are doing and upset them. I hope I'm not disturbing you. VERB: V n 2. If something disturbs you, it makes you feel upset or worried. I dream about him, dreams so vivid that they disturb me for days... = perturb VERB: V n 3. If something is disturbed, its position or shape is changed. He'd placed his notes in the brown envelope. They hadn't been disturbed... She patted Mona, taking care not to disturb her costume. VERB: be V-ed, V n 4. If something disturbs a situation or atmosphere, it spoils it or causes trouble. What could possibly disturb such tranquility? VERB: V n
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