DISABILITY, n. [from disable.] 1. Want of competent natural or bodily power, strength or ability; weakness; impotence; as disability arising from infirmity or broken limbs. 2. Want of competent intellectual power or strength of mind; incapacity; as the disability of a deranged person to reason or to make contracts. 3. Want of competent means or instruments. [In this sense, inability is generally used.] 4. Want of legal qualifications; incapacity; as a disability to inherit an estate, when the ancestor has been attainted. [In this sense, it has a plural.] Disability differs from inability, in denoting deprivation of ability; whereas inability denotes destitution of ability, either by deprivation or otherwise.
nounDate: 1557 1.a. the condition of being disabled b. inability to pursue an occupation because of a physical or mental impairment; also a program providing financial support to one affected by disability <went on disability after the injury> 2. lack of legal qualification to do something 3. a disqualification, restriction, or disadvantage
n. (pl. -ies) 1 physical incapacity, either congenital or caused by injury, disease, etc. 2 a lack of some asset, quality, or attribute, that prevents one's doing something. 3 a legal disqualification.
Disability Dis`a*bil"i*ty, n.; pl. Disabilities. 1. State of being disabled; deprivation or want of ability; absence of competent physical, intellectual, or moral power, means, fitness, and the like. Grossest faults, or disabilities to perform what was covenanted. --Milton. Chatham refused to see him, pleading his disability. --Bancroft. 2. Want of legal qualification to do a thing; legal incapacity or incompetency. The disabilities of idiocy, infancy, and coverture. --Abbott. Syn: Weakness; inability; incompetence; impotence; incapacity; incompetency; disqualification. Usage: -- Disability, Inability. Inability is an inherent want of power to perform the thing in question; disability arises from some deprivation or loss of the needed competency. One who becomes deranged is under a disability of holding his estate; and one who is made a judge, of deciding in his own case. A man may decline an office on account of his inability to discharge its duties; he may refuse to accept a trust or employment on account of some disability prevents him from entering into such engagements.
(disabilities) 1. A disability is a permanent injury, illness, or physical or mental condition that tends to restrict the way that someone can live their life. Facilities for people with disabilities are still insufficient.N-COUNT 2. Disability is the state of being disabled. Disability can make extra demands on financial resources.