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Diapason definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

DIAPASON, DIAPASE, n. [Gr., through all.]
1. In music, the octave or interval which includes all the tones.
2. Among musical instrument-makers, a rule or scale by which they adjust the pipes of organs, the holes of flutes, etc., in due proportion for expressing the several tones and semitones.
Diapason-diapente, a compound consonance in a triple ratio, as 3 to 9, consisting of 9 tones and a semitone, or 19 semitones; a twelfth.
Diapason-diatessaron, a compound concord, founded on the proportion of 8 to 3, consisting of eight tones and a semitone.
Diapason-ditone, a compound concord, whose terms are as 10 to 4, or 5 to 2.
Diapason-semiditone, a compound concord, whose terms are in the proportion of 12 to 5.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: either of the two main stops on a pipe organ [syn: diapason, diapason stop]

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle English, from Latin, from Greek (h?) dia pas?n (chord?n symph?nia), literally, the concord through all the notes, from dia through + pas?n, genitive feminine plural of pas all more at dia-, pan- Date: circa 1501 1. a. a burst of sound <diapasons of laughter> b. the principal foundation stop in the organ extending through the complete range of the instrument c. (1) the entire compass of musical tones (2) range, scope <registers the full diapason of her responses Mindy Aloff> 2. a. tuning fork b. a standard of pitch

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. Mus. 1 the compass of a voice or musical instrument. 2 a fixed standard of musical pitch. 3 (in full open or stopped diapason) either of two main organ-stops extending through the organ's whole compass. 4 a a combination of notes or parts in a harmonious whole. b a melodious succession of notes, esp. a grand swelling burst of harmony. 5 an entire compass, range, or scope. Etymology: ME in sense 'octave' f. L diapason f. Gk dia pason (khordon) through all (notes)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Diapason Di`a*pa"son, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? (i. e., ? ? ? the concord of the first and last notes, the octave); dia` through + ?, gen. pl. of ? all: cf. F. diapason. Cf. Panacea.] 1. (Gr. Mus.) The octave, or interval which includes all the tones of the diatonic scale. 2. Concord, as of notes an octave apart; harmony. The fair music that all creatures made . . . In perfect diapason. --Milton. 3. The entire compass of tones. Through all the compass of the notes it ran, The diapason closing full in man. --Dryden. 4. A standard of pitch; a tuning fork; as, the French normal diapason. 5. One of certain stops in the organ, so called because they extend through the scale of the instrument. They are of several kinds, as open diapason, stopped diapason, double diapason, and the like.

Moby Thesaurus

English horn, accord, accordance, air, attune, attunement, bassoon, baton, block flute, bombard, bourdon, carry, cello, chime, chiming, chromatic scale, claribel, clarinet, clarion, compass, concentus, concert, concert flute, concord, concordance, consecutive intervals, consonance, consonancy, consort, cornet, cornopean, cromorna, cymbel, degree, descant, diatessaron, diatonic interval, diatonic semitone, dodecuple scale, dulciana, enharmonic diesis, enharmonic interval, enharmonic scale, euphony, fifth, flute stop, foundation stop, fourniture, fourth, gamba, gamut, gedeckt, gemshorn, great scale, half step, halftone, harmonic flute, harmonics, harmony, heavy harmony, homophony, hybrid stop, interval, koppel flute, larigot, lay, less semitone, major scale, measure, melodia, melodic interval, melodic minor, metronome, minor scale, mixture, monochord, monody, music stand, mutation stop, mute, nazard, note, oboe, octave, octave scale, organ stop, parallel octaves, pentatonic scale, piccolo, pitch pipe, plein jeu, posaune, principal, quint, quintaten, radius, range, rank, ranket, reach, reed stop, register, rhythmometer, rohr flute, scale, scope, second, semitone, sesquialtera, seventh, shawm, sixth, sonometer, spectrum, spitz flute, step, stick, stop, stopped diapason, stopped flute, strain, stretch, string diapason, string stop, sweep, symphony, synchronism, synchronization, temperament, third, three-part harmony, tierce, tone, tone measurer, tremolo, trombone, trumpet, tune, tuning, tuning bar, tuning fork, tuning pipe, twelfth, unda maris, unison, unison interval, unisonance, vibrato, viola, voix celeste, vox angelica, vox humana, warble, whole step, whole-tone scale


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