DESOLATE, a. 1. Destitute or deprived of inhabitants; desert; uninhabited; denoting either stripped of inhabitants, or never having been inhabitated; as a desolate isle; a desolate wilderness. I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant. Jeremiah 9. 2. Laid waste; in a ruinous condition; neglected; destroyed; as desolate altars; desolate towers. Ezek. Zeph. 3. Solitary; without a companion; afflicted. Tamar remained desolate in Absaloms house. 1 Samuel 13. 4. Deserted of God; deprived of comfort. My heart within me is desolate. Psalms 143.
adj 1: providing no shelter or sustenance; "bare rocky hills"; "barren lands"; "the bleak treeless regions of the high Andes"; "the desolate surface of the moon"; "a stark landscape" [syn: bare, barren, bleak, desolate, stark] 2: crushed by grief; "depressed and desolate of soul"; "a low desolate wail" v 1: leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch; "The mother deserted her children" [syn: abandon, forsake, desolate, desert] 2: reduce in population; "The epidemic depopulated the countryside" [syn: depopulate, desolate] 3: cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly; "The enemy lay waste to the countryside after the invasion" [syn: lay waste to, waste, devastate, desolate, ravage, scourge]
I. adjectiveEtymology: Middle English desolat, from Latin desolatus, past participle of desolare to abandon, from de- + solus alone Date: 14th century 1. devoid of inhabitants and visitors ; deserted 2. joyless, disconsolate, and sorrowful through or as if through separation from a loved one <a desolate widow> 3.a. showing the effects of abandonment and neglect ;dilapidated<a desolate old house> b.barren, lifeless<a desolate landscape> c. devoid of warmth, comfort, or hope ;gloomy<desolate memories> Synonyms:seealone, dismal • desolatelyadverb • desolatenessnounII. transitive verb (-lated; -lating) Date: 14th century to make desolate: a. to deprive of inhabitants b. to lay waste c.forsaked. to make wretched • desolateror desolatornoun • desolatinglyadverb
adj. & v. --adj. 1 left alone; solitary. 2 (of a building or place) uninhabited, ruined, neglected, barren, dreary, empty (a desolate moor). 3 forlorn; wretched; miserable (was left desolate and weeping). --v.tr. 1 depopulate or devastate; lay waste to. 2 (esp. as desolated adj.) make wretched or forlorn (desolated by grief; inconsolable and desolated). Derivatives: desolately adv. desolateness n. desolator n. Etymology: ME f. L desolatus past part. of desolare (as DE-, solare f. solus alone)
Desolate Des"o*late, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Desolated; p. pr. & vb. n. Desolating.] 1. To make desolate; to leave alone; to deprive of inhabitants; as, the earth was nearly desolated by the flood. 2. To lay waste; to ruin; to ravage; as, a fire desolates a city. Constructed in the very heart of a desolating war. --Sparks.
Desolate Des"o*late, a. [L. desolatus, p. p. of desolare to leave alone, forsake; de- + solare to make lonely, solus alone. See Sole, a.] 1. Destitute or deprived of inhabitants; deserted; uninhabited; hence, gloomy; as, a desolate isle; a desolate wilderness; a desolate house. I will make Jerusalem . . . a den of dragons, and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant. --Jer. ix. 11. And the silvery marish flowers that throng The desolate creeks and pools among. --Tennyson. 2. Laid waste; in a ruinous condition; neglected; destroyed; as, desolate altars. 3. Left alone; forsaken; lonely; comfortless. Have mercy upon, for I am desolate. --Ps. xxv. 16. Voice of the poor and desolate. --Keble. 4. Lost to shame; dissolute. [Obs.] --Chaucer. 5. Destitute of; lacking in. [Obs.] I were right now of tales desolate. --Chaucer. Syn: Desert; uninhabited; lonely; waste.
1. A desolate place is empty of people and lacking in comfort. ...a desolate landscape of flat green fields broken by marsh...= bleak ADJ 2. If someone is desolate, they feel very sad, alone, and without hope. (LITERARY) He was desolate without her.ADJ: usu v-link ADJ
des'-o-lat (very frequently in the Old Testament for shamem, and its derivatives; less frequently, charebh, and its derivatives, and other words. In the New Testament it stands for eremos (Mt 23:38; Ac 1:20; Ga 4:27) eremoo (Re 17:16), and monoo (1Ti 5:5)): From Latin de, intens., solus, alone. Several shades of meaning can be distinguished:
(1) Its primary sense is "left lonely," "forlorn," e. g. Ps 25:16, "Have mercy upon me; for I am desolate" (Hebrew yachidh, "alone"); 1Ti 5:5, "she that is a widow indeed, and desolate" (Greek memonomene, "left alone").
(2) In the sense of "laid waste," "destitute of inhabitants," e. g. Jer 4:7, "to make thy land desolate, that thy cities be laid waste, without inhabitant."
(3) With the meaning "comfortless," "afflicted," e. g. Ps 143:4, "My heart within me is desolate."
(4) In the sense of "barren," "childless," "unfruitful," e. g. Job 15:34; Isa 49:21 (Hebrew galmudh).