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denarius definitions

Merriam Webster's

noun (plural denarii) Etymology: Middle English, from Latin more at denier Date: 14th century 1. a small silver coin of ancient Rome 2. a gold coin of the Roman Empire equivalent to 25 denarii

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. (pl. denarii) an ancient Roman silver coin. Etymology: L, = (coin) of ten asses (as DENARY: see AS(2))

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Denarius De*na"ri*us, n.; pl. Denarii. [L. See 2d Denier.] A Roman silver coin of the value of about fourteen cents; the ``penny'' of the New Testament; -- so called from being worth originally ten of the pieces called as.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

de-na'-ri-us (denarion): A Roman silver coin, 25 of which went to the aureus, the standard gold coin of the empire in the time of Augustus, which was equal in value to about one guinea or $5,25; more exactly 1.0,6 = $5.00, the = $4,866. Hence, the value of the denarius would be about 20 cents and this was the ordinary wage of a soldier and a day laborer. The word is uniformly rendered "penny" in the King James Version and "shilling" in the American Standard Revised Version, except in Mt 22:19; Mr 12:15 and Lu 20:24, where the Latin word is used, since in these passsages it refers to the coin in which tribute was paid to the Roman government. See MONEY.

H. Porter



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