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cymule
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Cynanthus cyanurus
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cynipid gall wasp
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Cynic definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

CYNIC, CYNICAL, a. [Gr., canine, a dog.] Having the qualities of a surly dog; snarling; captious; surly; currish; austere.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

n
1: someone who is critical of the motives of others [syn: cynic, faultfinder]
2: a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who advocated the doctrine that virtue is the only good and that the essence of virtue is self-control

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle French or Latin, Middle French cynique, from Latin cynicus, from Greek kynikos, literally, like a dog, from kyn-, ky?n dog more at hound Date: 1542 1. capitalized an adherent of an ancient Greek school of philosophers who held the view that virtue is the only good and that its essence lies in self-control and independence 2. a faultfinding captious critic; especially one who believes that human conduct is motivated wholly by self-interest cynic adjective

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & adj. --n. 1 a person who has little faith in human sincerity and goodness. 2 (Cynic) one of a school of ancient Greek philosophers founded by Antisthenes, marked by ostentatious contempt for ease and pleasure. --adj. 1 (Cynic) of the Cynics. 2 = CYNICAL. Derivatives: cynicism n. Etymology: L cynicus f. Gk kunikos f. kuon kunos dog, nickname for a Cynic

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Cynic Cyn"ic, n. (Gr. Philos) 1. One of a sect or school of philosophers founded by Antisthenes, and of whom Diogenes was a disciple. The first Cynics were noted for austere lives and their scorn for social customs and current philosophical opinions. Hence the term Cynic symbolized, in the popular judgment, moroseness, and contempt for the views of others. 2. One who holds views resembling those of the Cynics; a snarler; a misanthrope; particularly, a person who believes that human conduct is directed, either consciously or unconsciously, wholly by self-interest or self-indulgence, and that appearances to the contrary are superficial and untrustworthy. He could obtain from one morose cynic, whose opinion it was impossible to despise, scarcely any not acidulated with scorn. --Macaulay.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Cynic Cyn"ic (s[i^]n"[i^]k), Cynical Cyn"ic*al (-[i^]*kal), a. [L. cynicus of the sect of Cynics, fr. Gr. kyniko`s, prop., dog-like, fr. ky`wn, kyno`s, dog. See Hound.] 1. Having the qualities of a surly dog; snarling; captious; currish. I hope it is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received. --Johnson. 2. Pertaining to the Dog Star; as, the cynic, or Sothic, year; cynic cycle. 3. Belonging to the sect of philosophers called cynics; having the qualities of a cynic; pertaining to, or resembling, the doctrines of the cynics. 4. Given to sneering at rectitude and the conduct of life by moral principles; disbelieving in the reality of any human purposes which are not suggested or directed by self-interest or self-indulgence; as, a cynical man who scoffs at pretensions of integrity; characterized by such opinions; as, cynical views of human nature. Note: In prose, cynical is used rather than cynic, in the senses 1 and 4. Cynic spasm (Med.), a convulsive contraction of the muscles of one side of the face, producing a sort of grin, suggesting certain movements in the upper lip of a dog.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(cynics) A cynic is someone who believes that people always act selfishly. I have come to be very much of a cynic in these matters. N-COUNT

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. 1. Follower of Diogenes. 2. Misanthrope, man-hater.

Foolish Dictionary

A man who knows the price of everything and the value of nothing.

Moby Thesaurus

Cassandra, Eeyore, Thersites, backbiter, belittler, calamity howler, calumniator, caustic critic, debunker, decrier, defamer, defeatist, deflater, depreciator, derogator, detractor, disparager, hatchet man, killjoy, knocker, libeler, malist, man-hater, misanthrope, misanthropist, misogynist, muckraker, mudslinger, negativist, nihilist, pessimist, prophet of doom, railer, retreatist, seek-sorrow, sexist, slanderer, social critic, traducer, woman-hater, worrywart



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