wordswarm.net: free dictionary lookup
Wordswarms From Years Past


13-Letter Words
12-Letter Words
11-Letter Words
10-Letter Words
9-Letter Words
8-Letter Words
7-Letter Words
6-Letter Words
5-Letter Words
4-Letter Words
3-Letter Words


Adjacent Words

consolidation of position
consolidative
consolidator
consoling
consolingly
consols
consomm
Consomm'e
consomme
Consonance
consonance and dissonance
consonancy
consonant rhyme
consonant shift
consonant shifting
consonant system
consonantal
consonantal system
Consonantize
Consonantly
Consonantness
consonate
Consonous
Consopiate
Consopiation
Consopite

Consonant definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

CONSONANT, a.
1. Agreeing; according; congruous; consistent; followed generally by to; sometimes by with; as, this rule is consonant to scripture and reason.
2. In music, composed of consonances; as consonant intervals.
CONSONANT, n. A letter, so named because it is considered as being sounded only in connection with a vowel. But some consonants have no sound, even when united with a vowel, and others have a very imperfect sound. The consonants are better called articulations, as they are the names given to the several closings or junctions of the organs of speech, which precede and follow the openings of the organs, with which the vowels are uttered. These closings are perfect, and wholly intercept the voice, as in the syllables ek, ep, et; or imperfect, and admitting some slight sound, as in em, en. Hence some articulations are called mutes, and others, semi-vowels. The consonants begin or end syllables, and their use is to determine the manner of beginning or ending the vocal sounds. These closings or configurations of the organs being various, serve to diversify the syllables, as in uttering ba, da, pa, or ab, ad, ap; and although b and p may be considered as representing no sounds at all, yet they so modify the utterance of ab, ap, or ba, pa, that the slight difference between these articulations may be perceived as far as the human voice can be distinctly heard.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

adj
1: involving or characterized by harmony [syn: consonant, harmonic, harmonical, harmonized, harmonised]
2: in keeping; "salaries agreeable with current trends"; "plans conformable with your wishes"; "expressed views concordant with his background" [syn: accordant, agreeable, conformable, consonant, concordant] n
1: a speech sound that is not a vowel [ant: vowel, vowel sound]
2: a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken consonant

Merriam Webster's

I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Latin consonant-, consonans, present participle of consonare to sound together, agree, from com- + sonare to sound more at sound Date: 15th century 1. being in agreement or harmony ; free from elements making for discord 2. marked by musical consonances 3. having similar sounds <consonant words> 4. relating to or exhibiting consonance ; resonant consonantly adverb II. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin consonant-, consonans, from present participle of consonare Date: 14th century one of a class of speech sounds (as p, g, n, l, s, r) characterized by constriction or closure at one or more points in the breath channel; also a letter representing a consonant usually used in English of any letter except a, e, i, o, and u

Britannica Concise

Any speech sound characterized by an articulation in which a closure or narrowing of the vocal tract completely or partially blocks the flow of air; also, any letter or symbol representing such a sound. Consonants are usually classified according to place of articulation (e.g., palate, teeth, lips); manner of articulation, as in stops (complete closure of the oral passage, released with a burst of air), fricatives (forcing of breath through a constricted passage), and trills (vibration of the tip of the tongue or the uvula); and presence or absence of voicing, nasalization, aspiration, and other features.

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. & adj. --n. 1 a speech sound in which the breath is at least partly obstructed, and which to form a syllable must be combined with a vowel. 2 a letter or letters representing this. --adj. (foll. by with, to) 1 consistent; in agreement or harmony. 2 similar in sound. 3 Mus. making a concord. Derivatives: consonantal adj. consonantly adv. Etymology: ME f. F f. L consonare (as com-, sonare sound f. sonus)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Open O"pen, a. [AS. open; akin to D. open, OS. opan, G. offan, Icel. opinn, Sw. ["o]ppen, Dan. aaben, and perh. to E. up. Cf. Up, and Ope.] 1. Free of access; not shut up; not closed; affording unobstructed ingress or egress; not impeding or preventing passage; not locked up or covered over; -- applied to passageways; as, an open door, window, road, etc.; also, to inclosed structures or objects; as, open houses, boxes, baskets, bottles, etc.; also, to means of communication or approach by water or land; as, an open harbor or roadstead. Through the gate, Wide open and unquarded, Satan passed. --Milton Note: Also, figuratively, used of the ways of communication of the mind, as by the senses; ready to hear, see, etc.; as, to keep one's eyes and ears open. His ears are open unto their cry. --Ps. xxxiv. 15. 2. Free to be used, enjoyed, visited, or the like; not private; public; unrestricted in use; as, an open library, museum, court, or other assembly; liable to the approach, trespass, or attack of any one; unprotected; exposed. If Demetrius . . . have a matter against any man, the law is open and there are deputies. --Acts xix. 33. The service that I truly did his life, Hath left me open to all injuries. --Shak. 3. Free or cleared of obstruction to progress or to view; accessible; as, an open tract; the open sea. 4. Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended; expanded; as, an open hand; open arms; an open flower; an open prospect. Each, with open arms, embraced her chosen knight. --Dryden. 5. Hence: (a) Without reserve or false pretense; sincere; characterized by sincerity; unfeigned; frank; also, generous; liberal; bounteous; -- applied to personal appearance, or character, and to the expression of thought and feeling, etc. With aspect open, shall erect his head. --Pope. The Moor is of a free and open nature. --Shak. The French are always open, familiar, and talkative. --Addison. (b) Not concealed or secret; not hidden or disguised; exposed to view or to knowledge; revealed; apparent; as, open schemes or plans; open shame or guilt. His thefts are too open. --Shak. That I may find him, and with secret gaze Or open admiration him behold. --Milton. 6. Not of a quality to prevent communication, as by closing water ways, blocking roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or inclement; mild; -- used of the weather or the climate; as, an open season; an open winter. --Bacon. 7. Not settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not closed or withdrawn from consideration; as, an open account; an open question; to keep an offer or opportunity open. 8. Free; disengaged; unappropriated; as, to keep a day open for any purpose; to be open for an engagement. 9. (Phon.) (a) Uttered with a relatively wide opening of the articulating organs; -- said of vowels; as, the ["a]n f["a]r is open as compared with the [=a] in s[=a]y. (b) Uttered, as a consonant, with the oral passage simply narrowed without closure, as in uttering s. 10. (Mus.) (a) Not closed or stopped with the finger; -- said of the string of an instrument, as of a violin, when it is allowed to vibrate throughout its whole length. (b) Produced by an open string; as, an open tone. The open air, the air out of doors. Open chain. (Chem.) See Closed chain, under Chain. Open circuit (Elec.), a conducting circuit which is incomplete, or interrupted at some point; -- opposed to an uninterrupted, or closed circuit. Open communion, communion in the Lord's supper not restricted to persons who have been baptized by immersion. Cf. Close communion, under Close, a. Open diapason (Mus.), a certain stop in an organ, in which the pipes or tubes are formed like the mouthpiece of a flageolet at the end where the wind enters, and are open at the other end. Open flank (Fort.), the part of the flank covered by the orillon. Open-front furnace (Metal.), a blast furnace having a forehearth. Open harmony (Mus.), harmony the tones of which are widely dispersed, or separated by wide intervals. Open hawse (Naut.), a hawse in which the cables are parallel or slightly divergent. Cf. Foul hawse, under Hawse. Open hearth (Metal.), the shallow hearth of a reverberatory furnace. Open-hearth furnace, a reverberatory furnace; esp., a kind of reverberatory furnace in which the fuel is gas, used in manufacturing steel. Open-hearth process (Steel Manuf.), a process by which melted cast iron is converted into steel by the addition of wrought iron, or iron ore and manganese, and by exposure to heat in an open-hearth furnace; -- also called the Siemens-Martin process, from the inventors. Open-hearth steel, steel made by an open-hearth process; -- also called Siemens-Martin steel. Open newel. (Arch.) See Hollow newel, under Hollow. Open pipe (Mus.), a pipe open at the top. It has a pitch about an octave higher than a closed pipe of the same length. Open-timber roof (Arch.), a roof of which the constructional parts, together with the under side of the covering, or its lining, are treated ornamentally, and left to form the ceiling of an apartment below, as in a church, a public hall, and the like. Open vowel or consonant. See Open, a., 9. Note: Open is used in many compounds, most of which are self-explaining; as, open-breasted, open-minded. Syn: Unclosed; uncovered; unprotected; exposed; plain; apparent; obvious; evident; public; unreserved; frank; sincere; undissembling; artless. See Candid, and Ingenuous.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Consonant Con"so*nant, n. [L. consonans, -antis.] An articulate sound which in utterance is usually combined and sounded with an open sound called a vowel; a member of the spoken alphabet other than a vowel; also, a letter or character representing such a sound. Note: Consonants are divided into various classes, as mutes, spirants, sibilants, nasals, semivowels, etc. All of them are sounds uttered through a closer position of the organs than that of a vowel proper, although the most open of them, as the semivowels and nasals, are capable of being used as if vowels, and forming syllables with other closer consonants, as in the English feeble (-b'l), taken (-k'n). All the consonants excepting the mutes may be indefinitely, prolonged in utterance without the help of a vowel, and even the mutes may be produced with an aspirate instead of a vocal explosion. Vowels and consonants may be regarded as the two poles in the scale of sounds produced by gradual approximation of the organ, of speech from the most open to the closest positions, the vowel being more open, the consonant closer; but there is a territory between them where the sounds produced partake of the qualities of both. Note: ``A consonant is the result of audible friction, squeezing, or stopping of the breath in some part of the mouth (or occasionally of the throath.) The main distinction between vowels and consonants is, that while in the former the mouth configuration merely modifies the vocalized breath, which is therefore an essential element of the vowels, in consonants the narrowing or stopping of the oral passage is the foundation of the sound, and the state of the glottis is something secondary.'' --H. Sweet.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Consonant Con"so*nant, a. [L. consonans, -antis; p. pr. of consonare to sound at the same time, agree; con- + sonare to sound: cf. F. consonnant. See Sound to make a noise.] 1. Having agreement; congruous; consistent; according; -- usually followed by with or to. Each one pretends that his opinion . . . is consonant to the words there used. --Bp. Beveridge. That where much is given there shall be much required is a thing consonant with natural equity. --Dr. H. More. 2. Having like sounds. Consonant words and syllables. --Howell. 3. (Mus.) harmonizing together; accordant; as, consonant tones, consonant chords. 4. Of or pertaining to consonants; made up of, or containing many, consonants. No Russian whose dissonant consonant name Almost shatters to fragments the trumpet of fame. --T. Moore.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(consonants) A consonant is a sound such as 'p', 'f', 'n', or 't' which you pronounce by stopping the air flowing freely through your mouth. Compare vowel. N-COUNT

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. a. 1. Accordant, according, harmonious, in harmony. 2. Consistent, congruous, compatible, accordant, in harmony. II. n. Articulation.

Moby Thesaurus

accented, accordant, according, affirmative, agreeable, agreeing, alike, allophone, alveolar, answerable, apical, apico-alveolar, apico-dental, articulated, articulation, aspiration, assimilated, assimilation, assonant, assonantal, at one, attuned, automatic, back, balanced, barytone, bilabial, blended, blending, broad, cacuminal, central, cerebral, check, checked, chiming, close, coexistent, coexisting, coherent, coincident, coinciding, commensurate, compatible, concordant, concurrent, concurring, conformable, congenial, congruent, congruous, consentaneous, consentient, consistent, consonantal, constant, continuant, continuous, cooperating, cooperative, correspondent, corresponding, dental, diphthong, dissimilated, dissimilation, dorsal, en rapport, epenthetic vowel, equable, equal, equivalent, even, explosive, flat, front, glide, glossal, glottal, glottalization, guttural, hard, harmonic, harmonious, harmonizing, heavy, high, homogeneous, homophonic, immutable, in accord, in agreement, in chorus, in concert, in concord, in rapport, in sync, in synchronization, in tune, in unison, inaccordance, inharmony, intonated, invariable, labial, labialization, labiodental, labiovelar, laryngeal, lateral, lax, level, light, like-minded, lingual, liquid, low, manner of articulation, measured, mechanical, methodic, mid, modification, monodic, monolithic, monophonic, monophthong, monophthongal, morphophoneme, mute, muted, narrow, nasal, nasalized, occlusive, of a piece, of like mind, of one mind, on all fours, open, ordered, orderly, oxytone, palatal, palatalized, parasitic vowel, peak, persistent, pharyngeal, pharyngealization, pharyngealized, phone, phoneme, phonemic, phonetic, phonic, pitch, pitched, plosive, positive, posttonic, proportionate, prothetic vowel, reconcilable, regular, retroflex, robotlike, rounded, segmental phoneme, self-consistent, semivowel, smooth, soft, sonant, sonority, speech sound, stable, steadfast, steady, stop, stopped, stressed, strong, surd, syllabic, syllabic nucleus, syllabic peak, syllable, symbiotic, sympathetic, symphonious, synchronized, synchronous, systematic, tense, thick, throaty, tonal, tonic, transition sound, triphthong, tuned, twangy, unaccented, unanimous, unbroken, unchangeable, unchanged, unchanging, undeviating, undifferentiated, undiversified, uniform, unisonant, unisonous, unrounded, unruffled, unstressed, unvaried, unvarying, velar, vibrant, vocable, vocalic, vocoid, voice, voiced, voiced sound, voiceless, voiceless sound, voicing, vowel, vowellike, weak, wide




 


wordswarm.net: free dictionary lookup