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Comprehend definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

COMPREHEND, v.t. Literally, to take in; to take with, or together.
1. To contain; to include; to comprise.
The empire of Great Britain comprehends England, Scotland and Ireland, with their dependencies.
2. To imply; to contain or include by implication or construction.
If there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. Romans 13.
3. To understand; to conceive; that is, to take, hold or contain in the mind; to possess or to have in idea; according to the popular phrase, I take your meaning.
God doeth great things, which we cannot comprehend. Job 37.
It is not always safe to disbelieve a proposition or statement, because we do not comprehend it.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

v
1: get the meaning of something; "Do you comprehend the meaning of this letter?" [syn: grok, get the picture, comprehend, savvy, dig, grasp, compass, apprehend]
2: to become aware of through the senses; "I could perceive the ship coming over the horizon" [syn: perceive, comprehend]
3: include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory; "This group encompasses a wide range of people from different backgrounds"; "this should cover everyone in the group" [syn: embrace, encompass, comprehend, cover]

Merriam Webster's

transitive verb Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French comprendre, comprehendre, from Latin comprehendere, from com- + prehendere to grasp more at get Date: 14th century 1. to grasp the nature, significance, or meaning of <unable to comprehend what has happened> 2. to contain or hold within a total scope, significance, or amount <philosophy's scope comprehends the truth of everything which man may understand H. O. Taylor> 3. to include by construction or implication <does not prudence comprehend all the virtues? Thomas B. Silver> Synonyms: see understand, include comprehendible adjective

Oxford Reference Dictionary

v.tr. 1 grasp mentally; understand (a person or a thing). 2 include; take in. Etymology: ME f. OF comprehender or L comprehendere comprehens- (as COM-, prehendere grasp)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Comprehend Com`pre*hend", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Comprehended; p. pr. & vb. n. Comprehending.] [L. comprehendere, comprehensum; com- + prehendere to grasp, seize; prae before + hendere (used only in comp.). See Get, and cf. Comprise.] 1. To contain; to embrace; to include; as, the states comprehended in the Austrian Empire. Who hath . . . comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure. --Is. xl. 12. 2. To take in or include by construction or implication; to comprise; to imply. Comprehended all in this one word, Discretion. --Hobbes. And if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying. --Rom. xiii. 9. 3. To take into the mind; to grasp with the understanding; to apprehend the meaning of; to understand. At a loss to comprehend the question. --W. Irwing. Great things doeth he, which we can not comprehend. --Job. xxxvii. 5. Syn: To contain; include; embrace; comprise; inclose; grasp; embody; involve; imply; apprehend; imagine; conceive; understand. See Apprehend.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(comprehends, comprehending, comprehended) If you cannot comprehend something, you cannot understand it. (FORMAL) I just cannot comprehend your attitude... Whenever she failed to comprehend she invariably laughed. = understand VERB: with brd-neg, V n, V

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kom-pre-hend': Used in a twofold sense in both the Old Testament and New Testament. This double meaning appears in two Hebrew and two Greek words which signify in turn

(1) mental or spiritual perception,

(2) capacity to hold or contain, as in a measure or in an all-inclusive principle, e.g.:

(1) yadha`, "to see with the eyes or the mind," hence, "know," "understand." Job was urged by Elihu to accept as inscrutable the ways of God, inasmuch as His operations in the physical world are so mighty and mysterious that "we cannot comprehend" them (Job 37:5). Modern science, in unveiling the secrets of Nature, is opening the way for a better understanding of God's creative purpose and plan.

katalambano, "to lay hold of," hence, mentally to apprehend: used of the spiritual capacity of the Christian "to comprehend (the Revised Version (British and American) "apprehend") with all saints" (Eph 3:18) the measureless love of God; and of the inability of the unrenewed heart to know or perceive the revelation of God made in Christ: "the darkness comprehended it not" (Joh 1:5 the Revised Version (British and American) "apprehended"; the Revised Version, margin "overcame"; compare Joh 12:35).

(2) kul, "to measure" or "contain," as grain in a bushel. So God's immeasurable greatness is seen in His being able to hold oceans in the hollow of His hand and "comprehend the dust of the earth in a measure" (Isa 40:12).

anakephalaioo, "to sum up under one head," e.g. love includes every other moral principle and process. The entire law on its manward side, says Paul, "is comprehended (the Revised Version (British and American) "summed up") in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself" (Ro 13:9).

Dwight M. Pratt

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

v. a. 1. Comprise, include, enclose, embrace, contain, embody, take in. 2. Grasp (mentally), understand (fully), apprehend, conceive, imagine, see, discern, perceive, enter into the idea of, catch the idea of.

Moby Thesaurus

absorb, accept, admit, appreciate, apprehend, assimilate, be acquainted with, be apprised of, be aware of, be cognizant of, be conscious of, be conversant with, be informed, be with one, catch, catch on, cognize, compass, complete, comprise, conceive, conceptualize, contain, count in, cover, dig, digest, discern, embody, embrace, encircle, enclose, encompass, envisage, envision, fathom, fill, fill in, fill out, follow, get, get hold of, get the drift, get the idea, get the picture, grasp, have, have information about, have it taped, have knowledge of, hold, include, incorporate, involve, ken, know, learn, make out, master, number among, occupy, perceive, possess, prehend, read, realize, receive, reckon among, reckon in, reckon with, recognize, savvy, see, seize, seize the meaning, sense, subsume, take, take in, take into account, take into consideration, take up, twig, understand, wot, wot of




 


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