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Wordswarms From Years Past

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compost heap
compost pile
Compound addition
Compound control
Compound crystal
Compound engine
Compound ether
compound eye
Compound flower
compound fraction
compound fracture
Compound householder
compound interest
Compound larceny
compound leaf
compound lens
compound lever

Compound definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

1. To mix or unite two or more ingredients in one mass or body; as, to compound drugs.
Whoever compoundeth any like it--shall be cut off from his people. Exodus 30.
2. To unite or combine.
We have the power of altering and compounding images into all the varieties of picture.
3. To compose; to constitute.
4. In grammar, to unite two or more words; to form one word of two or more.
5. To settle amicably; to adjust by agreement; as a difference or controversy.
6. To pay by agreement; to discharge, as a debt, by paying a part, or giving an equivalent different from that stipulated or required; as, to compound debts.
But we now use, more generally, to compound with.
To compound felony, is for a person robbed to take the goods again, or other compensation, upon an agreement not to prosecute the thief or robber. This offense is, by the laws of England, punishable by fine and imprisonment.
1. To agree upon concession; to come to terms of agreement, by abating something of the first demand; followed by for before the thing accepted or remitted.
They were glad to compound for his bare commitment to the tower.
2. To bargain in the lump; to agree; followed by with.
Compound with this fellow by the year.
3. To come to terms, by granting something on each side; to agree.
Cornwall compounded to furnish ten oxen for thirty pounds.
Paracelsus and his admirers have compounded with the Galenists, and brought into practice a mixed use of chimical medicines.
4. To settle with a creditor by agreement, and discharge a debt by paying a part of its amount; or to make an agreement to pay a debt by means or in a manner different from that stipulated or required by law. A bankrupt may compound with his creditors for ten shillings on the pound, or fifty cents on the dollar. A man may compound with a parson to pay a sum of money in lieu of tithes.
To compound with a felon, is to take the goods stolen, or other amends, upon an agreement not to prosecute him.
1. Composed of two or more ingredients.
Compound substances are made up of two or more simple substances.
2. In grammar, composed of two or more words. Ink-stand, writing-desk, careless-ness, are compound words.
3. In botany, a compound flower is a species of aggregate flower, containing several florets, inclosed in a common perianth, on a common receptacle, with the anthers connected in a cylinder, as in the sunflower and dandelion.
A compound stem is one that divides into branches.
A compound leaf connects several leaflets in one petiole, called a common petiole.
A compound raceme is composed of several racemules or small racemes.
A compound spike is composed of several spicules or spikelets.
A compound corymb is formed of several small corymbs.
A compound umbel is one which has all its rays or peduncles bearing umbellules or small umbels at the top.
A compound fructification consists of several confluent florets; opposed to simple.
4. Compound interest, is interest upon interest; when the interest of a sum is added to the principal, and then bears interest; or when the interest of a sum is put upon interest.
5. Compound motion, is that which is effected by two or more conspiring powers, acting in different but not in opposite directions.
6. Compound number, is that which may be divided by some other number besides unity, without a remainder; as 18, which may be divided by 2, 6 and 9.
7. Compound ratio, is that which the product of the antecedents of two or more ratios has to the product of their consequents. Thus 6 to 72 is in a ratio compounded of 2 to 6, and of 3 to 12.
8. Compound quantities, in algebra, are such as are joined by the signs + and - plus and minus, and expressed by more letters than one, or by the same letters unequally repeated. Thus a+b-c, and bb-b, are compound quantities.
9. Compound larceny, is that which is accompanied with the aggravation of taking goods from ones house or person.
COMPOUND, n. A mass or body formed by the union or mixture of two or more ingredients or different substances; the result of composition.
Man is a compound of flesh and spirit.
Mortar is a compound of lime, sand and water.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: composed of more than one part; "compound leaves are composed of several lobes; "compound flower heads" [ant: simple, unsubdivided]
2: consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts; "soap is a compound substance"; "housetop is a compound word"; "a blackberry is a compound fruit"
3: composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony; "coral is a colonial organism" [syn: colonial, compound] n
1: a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
2: (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight [syn: compound, chemical compound]
3: an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient) v
1: make more intense, stronger, or more marked; "The efforts were intensified", "Her rudeness intensified his dislike for her"; "Pot smokers claim it heightens their awareness"; "This event only deepened my convictions" [syn: intensify, compound, heighten, deepen]
2: put or add together; "combine resources" [syn: compound, combine]
3: calculate principal and interest
4: create by mixing or combining
5: combine so as to form a whole; mix; "compound the ingredients" [syn: compound, combine]

Merriam Webster's

I. verb Etymology: Middle English compounen, from Anglo-French *cumpundre, from Latin componere, from com- + ponere to put more at position Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. to put together (parts) so as to form a whole ; combine <compound ingredients> 2. to form by combining parts <compound a medicine> 3. a. to settle amicably ; adjust by agreement b. to agree for a consideration not to prosecute (an offense) <compound a felony> 4. a. to pay (interest) on both the accrued interest and the principal b. to add to ; augment <we compounded our error in later policy Robert Lekachman> intransitive verb 1. to become joined in a compound 2. to come to terms of agreement compoundable adjective compounder noun II. adjective Etymology: Middle English compouned, past participle of compounen Date: 14th century 1. composed of or resulting from union of separate elements, ingredients, or parts: as a. composed of united similar elements especially of a kind usually independent <a compound plant ovary> b. having the blade divided to the midrib and forming two or more leaflets on a common axis <a compound leaf> 2. involving or used in a combination 3. a. of a word constituting a compound b. of a sentence having two or more main clauses III. noun Date: 1530 1. a. a word consisting of components that are words (as rowboat, high school, devil-may-care) b. a word (as anthropology, kilocycle, builder) consisting of any of various combinations of words, combining forms, or affixes 2. something formed by a union of elements or parts; especially a distinct substance formed by chemical union of two or more ingredients in definite proportion by weight IV. noun Etymology: by folk etymology from Malay kampung group of buildings, village Date: 1679 a fenced or walled-in area containing a group of buildings and especially residences

Britannica Concise

Any substance composed of identical molecules consisting of atoms of two or more elements. Millions are known, each unique, with unique properties. Most common materials are mixtures of compounds. Pure compounds can be obtained by physical separation methods, such as precipitation and distillation. Compounds can be broken down into their constituents to various degrees or changed into new compounds by chemical reactions. Atoms always combine into molecules in fixed proportions, distinguishing compounds from solutions and other mechanical mixtures. Compounds are often classified as inorganic and organic compounds; coordination complexes, which contain metal atoms (usually transition elements) bonded to ligands that may be organic, are somewhat in between. Compounds may also be classified by whether they have ionic or covalent bonds (many include both types).

Oxford Reference Dictionary

1. n., adj., & v. --n. 1 a mixture of two or more things, qualities, etc. 2 (also compound word) a word made up of two or more existing words. 3 Chem. a substance formed from two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions. --adj. 1 a made up of several ingredients. b consisting of several parts. 2 combined; collective. 3 Zool. consisting of individual organisms. 4 Biol. consisting of several or many parts. --v. 1 tr. mix or combine (ingredients, ideas, motives, etc.) (grief compounded with fear). 2 tr. increase or complicate (difficulties etc.) (anxiety compounded by discomfort). 3 tr. make up (a composite whole). 4 tr. (also absol.) settle (a debt, dispute, etc.) by concession or special arrangement. 5 tr. Law a condone (a liability or offence) in exchange for money etc. b forbear from prosecuting (a felony) from private motives. 6 intr. (usu. foll. by with, for) Law come to terms with a person, for forgoing a claim etc. for an offence. 7 tr. combine (words or elements) into a word. Phrases and idioms: compound eye an eye consisting of numerous visual units, as found in insects and crustaceans. compound fracture a fracture complicated by a skin wound. compound interest interest payable on capital and its accumulated interest (cf. simple interest). compound interval Mus. an interval exceeding one octave. compound leaf a leaf consisting of several or many leaflets. compound sentence a sentence with more than one subject or predicate. compound time Mus. music having more than one group of simple-time units in each bar. Derivatives: compoundable adj. Etymology: ME compoun(e) f. OF compondre f. L componere (as COM-, ponere put: -d as in expound) 2. n. 1 a large open enclosure for housing workers etc., esp. miners in S. Africa. 2 an enclosure, esp. in India, China, etc., in which a factory or a house stands (cf. KAMPONG). 3 a large enclosed space in a prison or prison camp. 4 = POUND(3). Etymology: Port. campon or Du. kampong f. Malay

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Compound Com"pound (k[o^]m"pound), n. [Malay kompung a village.] In the East Indies, an inclosure containing a house, outbuildings, etc.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Compound Com*pound" (k[o^]m*pound"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Compounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Compounding.] [OE. componen, compounen, L. componere, compositum; com-+ ponere to put set. The d is excrescent. See Position, and cf. Compon['e].] 1. To form or make by combining different elements, ingredients, or parts; as, to compound a medicine. Incapacitating him from successfully compounding a tale of this sort. --Sir W. Scott. 2. To put together, as elements, ingredients, or parts, in order to form a whole; to combine, mix, or unite. We have the power of altering and compounding those images into all the varieties of picture. --Addison. 3. To modify or change by combination with some other thing or part; to mingle with something else. Only compound me with forgotten dust. --Shak. 4. To compose; to constitute. [Obs.] His pomp and all what state compounds. --Shak. 5. To settle amicably; to adjust by agreement; to compromise; to discharge from obligation upon terms different from those which were stipulated; as, to compound a debt. I pray, my lords, let me compound this strife. --Shak. To compound a felony, to accept of a consideration for forbearing to prosecute, such compounding being an indictable offense. See Theftbote.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Compound Com"pound, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See Compound, v. t.] Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts; produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or things; composite; as, a compound word. Compound substances are made up of two or more simple substances. --I. Watts. Compound addition, subtraction, multiplication, division (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of compound numbers. Compound crystal (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined according to regular laws of composition. Compound engine (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders, successively. Compound ether. (Chem.) See under Ether. Compound flower (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or dandelion. Compound fraction. (Math.) See Fraction. Compound fracture. See Fracture. Compound householder, a householder who compounds or arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be included in his rents. [Eng.] Compound interest. See Interest. Compound larceny. (Law) See Larceny. Compound leaf (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk. Compound microscope. See Microscope. Compound motion. See Motion. Compound number (Math.), one constructed according to a varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.; -- called also denominate number. Compound pier (Arch.), a clustered column. Compound quantity (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign + (plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are compound quantities. Compound radical. (Chem.) See Radical. Compound ratio (Math.), the product of two or more ratios; thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c and b:d. Compound rest (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine lathe. Compound screw (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two or more screws with different pitch (a differential screw), or running in different directions (a right and left screw). Compound time (Mus.), that in which two or more simple measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining of two measures of 3-8 time. Compound word, a word composed of two or more words; specifically, two or more words joined together by a hyphen.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Compound Com*pound", v. i. To effect a composition; to come to terms of agreement; to agree; to settle by a compromise; -- usually followed by with before the person participating, and for before the thing compounded or the consideration. Here's a fellow will help you to-morrow; . . . compound with him by the year. --Shak. They were at last glad to compound for his bare commitment to the Tower. --Clarendon. Cornwall compounded to furnish ten oxen after Michaelmas for thirty pounds. --R. Carew. Compound for sins they are inclined to By damning those they have no mind to. --Hudibras.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Compound Com"pound, n. 1. That which is compounded or formed by the union or mixture of elements ingredients, or parts; a combination of simples; a compound word; the result of composition. --Shak. Rare compound of oddity, frolic, and fun. --Goldsmith. When the word ``bishopric'' was first made, it was made as a compound. --Earle. 2. (Chem.) A union of two or more ingredients in definite proportions by weight, so combined as to form a distinct substance; as, water is a compound of oxygen and hydrogen. Note: Every definite chemical compound always contains the same elements, united in the same proportions by weight, and with the same internal arrangement. Binary compound (Chem.). See under Binary. Carbon compounds (Chem.). See under Carbon.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(compounded) 1. A compound is an enclosed area of land that is used for a particular purpose. Police fired on them as they fled into the embassy compound. ...a military compound. = enclosure N-COUNT 2. In chemistry, a compound is a substance that consists of two or more elements. Organic compounds contain carbon in their molecules. N-COUNT 3. If something is a compound of different things, it consists of those things. (FORMAL) Honey is basically a compound of water, two types of sugar, vitamins and enzymes. = mixture N-COUNT: usu sing, usu N of n 4. Compound is used to indicate that something consists of two or more parts or things. ...a tall shrub with shiny compound leaves. ...the compound microscope. = composite ? simple ADJ: ADJ n 5. In grammar, a compound noun, adjective, or verb is one that is made up of two or more words, for example 'fire engine', 'bottle-green', and 'force-feed'. ADJ: ADJ n 6. In grammar, a compound sentence is one that is made up of two or more main clauses. Compare complex. ADJ: ADJ n 7. To compound a problem, difficulty, or mistake means to make it worse by adding to it. (FORMAL) Additional bloodshed and loss of life will only compound the tragedy... The problem is compounded by the medical system here. = add to VERB: V n, V n

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. v. a. 1. Mix, mingle, intermix, intermingle, blend, combine, unite, amalgamate, (either physically or mentally). 2. Compromise, settle, adjust, compose. 3. Commute, pay with an abatement, pay by substitution. 4. Connive at, bargain with. II. v. n. Compromise, agree, come to terms, come to an agreement, make an arrangement. III. a. Complex, composite, compounded. IV. n. 1. Mixture, composition, combination. 2. Medley, olio, farrago, hodge-podge, hotch-potch or hotchpot, mess (colloq.), jumble. 3. [In the East Indies.] Yard (round a building), enclosure.

Moby Thesaurus

accommodate, acid, acidity, acronym, acrostic, add, add to, adjust, admix, admixture, agent, aggrandize, aggravate, alkali, alkalinity, alloisomer, alloy, alloyage, amalgam, amalgamate, amalgamation, anion, antacid, assemblage, assemble, assembly, assimilate, associate, atom, augment, avyayibhava, back formation, base, bemingle, biochemical, blend, boost, bracket, brew, build, building, buildup, cast, cation, chemical, chemical element, chromoisomer, clipped word, coadunate, coalesce, combination, combine, combo, come together, commingle, commix, commixture, complex, complicated, compose, composite, composition, compost, comprise, compromise, concoct, concoction, confection, conglomerate, conjugate, connect, consolidate, consolidation, constitution, construct, construction, cop out, copolymer, couple, create, decoct, devise, dimer, duck responsibility, dvandva, dvigu, elaborate, element, embodiment, embody, emulsify, encompass, endocentric compound, enhance, enlarge, ensemble, erect, evade responsibility, evolve, exacerbate, exocentric compound, expand, extend, extrude, fabricate, fabrication, fashion, fashioning, fix up, flux, form, formation, formulate, frame, fudge together, fuse, fusion, get up, getup, give and take, give way, go fifty-fifty, go together, hash, heavy chemicals, heighten, high polymer, homogenize, homopolymer, hydracid, immingle, immix, immixture, include, incorporate, incorporation, increase, indite, inorganic chemical, integrate, intensify, interblend, interfuse, interlace, interlard, intermingle, intermix, intermixture, intertwine, interweave, intricate, involved, ion, isomer, join, jumble, junction, knead, link, lump together, macromolecule, magma, magnify, make, make a deal, make an adjustment, make concessions, make one, make up, makeup, manufacture, mature, meet halfway, meld, melt into one, merge, merger, merging, metamer, mingle, mingle-mangle, mix, mix up, mixture, mold, molecule, monomer, multifaceted, multiform, multiple, multiply, neutralizer, nonacid, organic chemical, organization, oxyacid, paronym, paste, patch together, piece together, piecing together, play politics, polymer, prefabricate, prepare, produce, pseudoisomer, put together, put up, putting together, radical, raise, reach a compromise, reagent, rear, reembody, roll into one, run up, scramble, set up, settle, setup, shade into, shape, shaping, shuffle, solidify, split the difference, spoonerism, stir up, strike a balance, strike a bargain, structure, structuring, sulfacid, surrender, syncretize, syndicate, syneresis, synthesis, synthesize, take the mean, tatpurusha, throw together, toss together, trimer, unify, unite, whomp up, word form, work, worsen, write, yield


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