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Adjacent Words

Cloop
cloot
Clootie
Cloots
clop
clop-clop
CLOPAS; CLEOPHAS
clopidogrel bisulfate
clopping
cloqu
cloque
Clorox
closable
close air support
close at hand
Close borough
Close breeding
close by
close call
Close communion
close corporation
close down
close eyes to
Close fertilization
Close harmony
close in
close off
close one's doors

Close definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

CLOSE, v.t.
1. To shut; to make fast, by pressing together, or by stopping an open place, so as to intercept a passage, in almost any manner; as, to close the eyes; to close a gate, door or window. In these and other cases, closing is performed by bringing an object before the opening. To close a book, is to bring the parts together.
The Lord hath closed your eyes. Isaiah 29.
He closed the book. Luke 4.
2. To end; to finish; to conclude; to complete; to bring to a period; as, to close a bargain, or contract.
One frugal supper did our studies close.
3. To unite, as the parts of a breach or fracture; to make whole; to consolidate; often followed by up.
The Lord closed up the flesh instead thereof. Genesis 2.
4. To cover; to inclose; to encompass; to overwhelm.
The depths closed me round about. JoNahum 2.
5. To inclose; to confine. [See Inclose.]
6. To move or bring together; to unite separate bodies or parts; as, to close the ranks of an army.
CLOSE, v.i. s as z.
1. To unite; to coalesce; to come together; as the parts of a wound or fracture, or parts separated; often followed by on or upon.
The fat closed upon the blade. Judges 3.
The earth closed upon them. Numbers 16.
2. To end; to terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate closed at six oclock.
To close on or upon, to come to a mutual agreement; to agree on or join in.
France and Holland might close upon some measures to our disadvantage.
To close with, to accede to; to consent or agree to; as, to close with the terms proposed. When followed by the person with whom an agreement is made, to make an agreement with; to unite with; as, to close with an enemy.
He took the time when Richard was deposed,
And high and low with happy Harry closed.
In this sense, to close in with is less elegant.
To close with,
To close in with, To unite; to join closely; to grapple, as persons in a contest; applied to wrestlers, when they come to close embrace for scuffling.
CLOSE, a.
1. Shut fast; tight; made fast, so as to have no opening; as a close box; a close vizard.
2. Having parts firmly united; compact; dense; applied to solid substances of any king; as the close texture of wood or metal.
3. Having parts firmly adhering; viscous; tenacious; as oil, or glue.
4. Confined; stagnant; without ventilation or motion; as close air.
5. Confined; retired.
While David kept himself close. 1 Chronicles 12.
6. Hid; private; secret; as, to keep a purpose close. Numbers 5. Luke 9.
7. Confined within narrow limits; narrow; as a close alley.
8. Near; within a small distance; as a close fight or action.
9. Joined; in contact or nearly so; crowded; as, to sit close.
10. Compressed, as thoughts or words; hence, brief; concise; opposed to loose or diffuse.
Where the original is close, no version can reach it in the same compass.
11. Very near, in place or time; adjoining, or nearly so.
I saw him come close to the ram. Daniel 8.
They sailed close by Crete. Acts 27.
Some dire misfortune follows close behind.
12. Having the quality of keeping secrets, thoughts or designs; cautious; as a close minister. Hence in friendship, trusty; confidential
13. Having an appearance of concealment; implying art, craft or wariness; as a close aspect.
14. Intent; fixed; attentive; pressing upon the object; as, to give close attention.
Keep your mind or thoughts close to the business or subject.
15. Full to the point; home; pressing; as a close argument; bring the argument close to the question.
16. Pressing; earnest; warm; as a close debate.
17. Confined; secluded from communication; as a close prisoner.
18. Covetous; penurious; not liberal; as a close man.
19. Applied to the weather or air, close, in popular language, denotes warm and damp, cloudy or foggy, or warm and relaxing, occasioning a sense of lassitude and depression. Perhaps originally, confined air.
20. Strictly adhering to the original; as a close translation.
21. In heraldry, drawn in a coat of arms with the wings close, and in a standing posture.
Close communion, with baptists, communion in the Lords supper with their own sect only.
Close election, an election in which the votes for different candidates are nearly equal.
CLOSE, adv. Closely; nearly; densely; secretly; pressingly.
Behind her death close followed, pace for pace.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

adj
1: at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships" [ant: distant]
2: close in relevance or relationship; "a close family"; "we are all...in close sympathy with..."; "close kin"; "a close resemblance" [ant: distant, remote]
3: not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call" [syn: near, close, nigh] [ant: far]
4: rigorously attentive; strict and thorough; "close supervision"; "paid close attention"; "a close study"; "kept a close watch on expenditures"
5: marked by fidelity to an original; "a close translation"; "a faithful copy of the portrait"; "a faithful rendering of the observed facts" [syn: close, faithful]
6: (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched; "a close contest"; "a close election"; "a tight game" [syn: close, tight]
7: crowded; "close quarters" [syn: close, confining]
8: lacking fresh air; "a dusty airless attic"; "the dreadfully close atmosphere"; "hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke" [syn: airless, close, stuffy, unaired]
9: of textiles; "a close weave"; "smooth percale with a very tight weave" [syn: close, tight]
10: strictly confined or guarded; "kept under close custody"
11: confined to specific persons; "a close secret"
12: fitting closely but comfortably; "a close fit" [syn: close, snug, close-fitting]
13: used of hair or haircuts; "a close military haircut"
14: giving or spending with reluctance; "our cheeseparing administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a penny-pinching miserly old man" [syn: cheeseparing, close, near, penny-pinching, skinny]
15: inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it" [syn: close, closelipped, closemouthed, secretive, tightlipped] n
1: the temporal end; the concluding time; "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"; "the market was up at the finish"; "they were playing better at the close of the season" [syn: stopping point, finale, finis, finish, last, conclusion, close]
2: the last section of a communication; "in conclusion I want to say..." [syn: conclusion, end, close, closing, ending]
3: the concluding part of any performance [syn: finale, close, closing curtain, finis] v
1: move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window" [syn: close, shut] [ant: open, open up]
2: become closed; "The windows closed with a loud bang" [syn: close, shut] [ant: open, open up]
3: cease to operate or cause to cease operating; "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"; "My business closes every night at 8 P.M."; "close up the shop" [syn: close up, close, fold, shut down, close down] [ant: open, open up]
4: finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.); "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board" [ant: open]
5: come to a close; "The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin" [syn: conclude, close]
6: complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement; "We closed on the house on Friday"; "They closed the deal on the building"
7: be priced or listed when trading stops; "The stock market closed high this Friday"; "My new stocks closed at $59 last night"
8: engage at close quarters; "close with the enemy"
9: cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop [ant: open]
10: change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact
11: come together, as if in an embrace; "Her arms closed around her long lost relative" [syn: close, come together]
12: draw near; "The probe closed with the space station"
13: bring together all the elements or parts of; "Management closed ranks"
14: bar access to; "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"
15: fill or stop up; "Can you close the cracks with caulking?" [syn: close, fill up]
16: unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of; "close the circuit"; "close a wound"; "close a book"; "close up an umbrella" [syn: close up, close]
17: finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead; "The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning" adv
1: near in time or place or relationship; "as the wedding day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don't shoot until they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation"; "her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the bullet didn't come close"; "don't get too close to the fire" [syn: near, nigh, close]
2: in an attentive manner; "he remained close on his guard" [syn: close, closely, tight]

Merriam Webster's

biographical name Chuck 1940- Charles Thomas Close American painter

Merriam Webster's

I. verb (closed; closing) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French clos-, stem of clore, from Latin claudere to shut, close; perhaps akin to Greek kleiein to close — more at clavicle Date: 13th century transitive verb 1. a. to move so as to bar passage through something <close the gate> b. to block against entry or passage <close a street> c. to deny access to <the city closed the beach> d. screen, exclude <close a view> e. to suspend or stop the operations of <close school> — often used with down 2. archaic enclose, contain 3. a. to bring to an end or period <close an account> b. to conclude discussion or negotiation about <the question is closed>; also to consummate by performing something previously agreed <close a transfer of real estate title> c. to terminate access to (a computer file or program) 4. a. to bring or bind together the parts or edges of <a closed book> b. to fill up (as an opening) c. to make complete by circling or enveloping or by making continuous <close a circuit> d. to reduce to nil <closed the distance to the lead racer> intransitive verb 1. a. to contract, fold, swing, or slide so as to leave no opening <the door closed quietly> b. to cease operation <the factory closed down> <the stores close at 9 p.m.> 2. a. to draw near <the ship was closing with the island> b. to engage in a struggle at close quarters ; grapple <close with the enemy> 3. a. to come together ; meet b. to draw the free foot up to the supporting foot in dancing 4. to enter into or complete an agreement <close on a deal> 5. to come to an end or period <the services closed with a short prayer> 6. to reduce a gap <closed to within two points> • closable or closeable adjective Synonyms: close, end, conclude, finish, complete, terminate mean to bring or come to a stopping point or limit. close usually implies that something has been in some way open as well as unfinished <close a debate>. end conveys a strong sense of finality <ended his life>. conclude may imply a formal closing (as of a meeting) <the service concluded with a blessing>. finish may stress completion of a final step in a process <after it is painted, the house will be finished>. complete implies the removal of all deficiencies or a successful finishing of what has been undertaken <the resolving of this last issue completes the agreement>. terminate implies the setting of a limit in time or space <your employment terminates after three months>. II. noun Date: 14th century 1. a. a coming or bringing to a conclusion <at the close of the party> b. a conclusion or end in time or existence ; cessation <the decade drew to a close> c. the concluding passage (as of a speech or play) 2. the conclusion of a musical strain or period ; cadence 3. archaic a hostile encounter 4. the movement of the free foot in dancing toward or into contact with the supporting foot III. noun Etymology: Middle English clos, literally, enclosure, from Anglo-French clos, from Latin clausum, from neuter of clausus, past participle Date: 13th century 1. a. an enclosed area b. chiefly British the precinct of a cathedral 2. chiefly British a. a narrow passage leading from a street to a court and the houses within or to the common stairway of tenements b. a road closed at one end IV. adjective (closer; closest) Etymology: Middle English clos, from Anglo-French, from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere Date: 14th century 1. having no openings ; closed 2. a. confined or carefully guarded <close arrest> b. (1) of a vowel high 13 (2) formed with the tongue in a higher position than for the other vowel of a pair 3. restricted to a privileged class 4. a. secluded, secret b. secretive <she could tell us something if she would…but she was as close as wax — A. Conan Doyle> 5. strict, rigorous <keep close watch> 6. hot and stuffy <a room with an uncomfortably close atmosphere> 7. not generous in giving or spending ; tight 8. having little space between items or units <a close weave> <a close grain> 9. a. fitting tightly or exactly <a close fit> b. very short or near to the surface <a close haircut> 10. being near in time, space, effect, or degree <at close range> <close to my birthday> <close to the speed of sound> 11. intimate, familiar <close friends> 12. a. very precise and attentive to details <a close reading> <a close study> b. marked by fidelity to an original <a close copy of an old master> c. terse, compact 13. decided or won by a narrow margin <a close baseball game> 14. difficult to obtain <money is close> 15. of punctuation characterized by liberal use especially of commas Synonyms: see stingy • closely adverb • closeness noun V. adverb Date: 15th century in a close position or manner

Britannica Concise

U.S. actress. Born in Greenwich, Conn., she made her Broadway debut in 1974, and later starred in Barnum (1980), The Real Thing (1984, Tony award), and Death and the Maiden (1992, Tony award). Her film debut in The World According to Garp (1982) was followed by roles in films such as The Natural (1984), Fatal Attraction (1987), Dangerous Liaisons (1989), and Paradise Road (1997). She returned to Broadway in Sunset Boulevard (1995, Tony award).

Oxford Reference Dictionary

1. adj., adv., & n. --adj. 1 (often foll. by to) situated at only a short distance or interval. 2 a having a strong or immediate relation or connection (close friend; close relative). b in intimate friendship or association (were very close). c corresponding almost exactly (close resemblance). d fitting tightly (close cap). e (of hair etc.) short, near the surface. 3 in or almost in contact (close combat; close proximity). 4 dense, compact, with no or only slight intervals (close texture; close writing; close formation; close thicket). 5 in which competitors are almost equal (close contest; close election). 6 leaving no gaps or weaknesses, rigorous (close reasoning). 7 concentrated, searching (close examination; close attention). 8 (of air etc.) stuffy or humid. 9 closed, shut. 10 limited or restricted to certain persons etc. (close corporation; close scholarship). 11 a hidden, secret, covered. b secretive. 12 (of a danger etc.) directly threatening, narrowly avoided (that was close). 13 niggardly. 14 (of a vowel) pronounced with a relatively narrow opening of the mouth. 15 narrow, confined, contracted. 16 under prohibition. --adv. 1 (often foll. by by, on, to, upon) at only a short distance or interval (they live close by; close to the church). 2 closely, in a close manner (shut close). --n. 1 an enclosed space. 2 Brit. a street closed at one end. 3 Brit. the precinct of a cathedral. 4 Brit. a school playing-field or playground. 5 Sc. an entry from the street to a common stairway or to a court at the back. Phrases and idioms: at close quarters very close together. close-fisted niggardly. close-fitting (of a garment) fitting close to the body. close-grained without gaps between fibres etc. close harmony harmony in which the notes of the chord are close together. close-hauled (of a ship) with the sails hauled aft to sail close to the wind. close-knit tightly bound or interlocked; closely united in friendship. close-mouthed reticent. close score Mus. a score with more than one part on the same staff. close season Brit. the season when something, esp. the killing of game etc., is illegal. close-set separated only by a small interval or intervals. close shave colloq. a narrow escape. close to the wind see WIND(1). close-up 1 a photograph etc. taken at close range and showing the subject on a large scale. 2 an intimate description. go close (of a racehorse) win or almost win. Derivatives: closely adv. closeness n. closish adj. Etymology: ME f. OF clos f. L clausum enclosure & clausus past part. of claudere shut 2. v. & n. --v. 1 a tr. shut (a lid, box, door, room, house, etc.). b intr. be shut (the door closed slowly). c tr. block up. 2 a tr. & intr. bring or come to an end. b intr. finish speaking (closed with an expression of thanks). c tr. settle (a bargain etc.). 3 a intr. end the day's business. b tr. end the day's business at (a shop, office, etc.). 4 tr. & intr. bring or come closer or into contact (close ranks). 5 tr. make (an electric circuit etc.) continuous. 6 intr. (foll. by with) express agreement (with an offer, terms, or the person offering them). 7 intr. (often foll. by with) come within striking distance; grapple. 8 intr. (foll. by on) (of a hand, box, etc.) grasp or entrap. --n. 1 a conclusion, an end. 2 Mus. a cadence. Phrases and idioms: close down 1 (of a shop, factory, etc.) discontinue business, esp. permanently. 2 Brit. (of a broadcasting station) end transmission esp. until the next day. close one's eyes 1 (foll. by to) pay no attention. 2 die. close in 1 enclose. 2 come nearer. 3 (of days) get successively shorter with the approach of the winter solstice. close out US discontinue, terminate, dispose of (a business). close up 1 (often foll. by to) move closer. 2 shut, esp. temporarily. 3 block up. 4 (of an aperture) grow smaller. 5 coalesce. closing-time the time at which a public house, shop, etc., ends business. Derivatives: closable adj. closer n. Etymology: ME f. OF clos- stem of clore f. L claudere shut

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Close Close, v. i. 1. To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated. What deep wounds ever closed without a scar? --Byron. 2. To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate closed at six o'clock. 3. To grapple; to engage in hand-to-hand fight. They boldly closed in a hand-to-hand contest. --Prescott. To close on or upon, to come to a mutual agreement; to agree on or join in. ``Would induce France and Holland to close upon some measures between them to our disadvantage.'' --Sir W. Temple. To close with. (a) To accede to; to consent or agree to; as, to close with the terms proposed. (b) To make an agreement with. To close with the land (Naut.), to approach the land.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Close Close (? or ?), n. [OF. & F. clos an inclosure, fr. clos, p. p. of clore. See Close, v. t.] 1. An inclosed place; especially, a small field or piece of land surrounded by a wall, hedge, or fence of any kind; -- specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or abbey. Closes surrounded by the venerable abodes of deans and canons. --Macaulay. 2. A narrow passage leading from a street to a court, and the houses within. [Eng.] --Halliwell 3. (Law) The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not inclosed. --Bouvier.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Close Close, a. [Compar. Closer; superl. Closest.] [Of. & F. clos, p. p. of clore. See Close, v. t.] 1. Shut fast; closed; tight; as, a close box. From a close bower this dainty music flowed. --Dryden. 2. Narrow; confined; as, a close alley; close quarters. ``A close prison.'' --Dickens. 3. Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc. If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and doors, the one maketh the air close, . . . and the other maketh it exceeding unequal. --Bacon. 4. Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, a close prisoner. 5. Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden. ``He yet kept himself close because of Saul.'' --1 Chron. xii. 1 ``Her close intent.'' --Spenser. 6. Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent. ``For servecy, no lady closer.'' --Shak. 7. Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact; as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as applied to liquids. The golden globe being put into a press, . . . the water made itself way through the pores of that very close metal. --Locke. 8. Concise; to the point; as, close reasoning. ``Where the original is close no version can reach it in the same compass.'' --Dryden. 9. Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; -- often followed by to. Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall. --Mortimer. The thought of the Man of sorrows seemed a very close thing -- not a faint hearsay. --G. Eliot. 10. Short; as, to cut grass or hair close. 11. Intimate; familiar; confidential. League with you I seek And mutual amity, so strait, so close, That I with you must dwell, or you with me. --Milton. 12. Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, a close vote. ``A close contest.'' --Prescott. 13. Difficult to obtain; as, money is close. --Bartlett. 14. Parsimonious; stingy. ``A crusty old fellow, as close as a vise.'' --Hawthorne. 15. Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact; strict; as, a close translation. --Locke. 16. Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict; not wandering; as, a close observer. 17. (Phon.) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French, Italian, and German; -- opposed to open. Close borough. See under Borough. Close breeding. See under Breeding. Close communion, communion in the Lord's supper, restricted to those who have received baptism by immersion. Close corporation, a body or corporation which fills its own vacancies. Close fertilization. (Bot.) See Fertilization. Close harmony (Mus.), compact harmony, in which the tones composing each chord are not widely distributed over several octaves. Close time, a fixed period during which killing game or catching certain fish is prohibited by law. Close vowel (Pron.), a vowel which is pronounced with a diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of the cavity of the mouth. Close to the wind (Naut.), directed as nearly to the point from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail; closehauled; -- said of a vessel.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Close Close, n. 1. The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction. [Obs.] The doors of plank were; their close exquisite. --Chapman. 2. Conclusion; cessation; ending; end. His long and troubled life was drawing to a close. --Macaulay. 3. A grapple in wrestling. --Bacon. 4. (Mus.) (a) The conclusion of a strain of music; cadence. (b) A double bar marking the end. At every close she made, the attending throng Replied, and bore the burden of the song. --Dryden. Syn: Conclusion; termination; cessation; end; ending; extremity; extreme.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Close Close, adv. 1. In a close manner. 2. Secretly; darkly. [Obs.] A wondrous vision which did close imply The course of all her fortune and posterity. --Spenser.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Close Close, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Closed; p. pr. & vb. n. Closing.] [From OF. & F. clos, p. p. of clore to close, fr. L. claudere; akin to G. schliessen to shut, and to E. clot, cloister, clavicle, conclude, sluice. Cf. Clause, n.] 1. To stop, or fill up, as an opening; to shut; as, to close the eyes; to close a door. 2. To bring together the parts of; to consolidate; as, to close the ranks of an army; -- often used with up. 3. To bring to an end or period; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to end; to consummate; as, to close a bargain; to close a course of instruction. One frugal supper did our studies close. --Dryden. 4. To come or gather around; to inclose; to encompass; to confine. The depth closed me round about. --Jonah ii. 5. But now thou dost thyself immure and close In some one corner of a feeble heart. --Herbert. A closed sea, a sea within the jurisdiction of some particular nation, which controls its navigation.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

Close is used in the names of some streets in Britain. ...116 Dendridge Close. N-IN-NAMES: n N

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

I. SHUTTING OR COMPLETING (closes, closing, closed) Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. Please look at category 12 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword. 1. When you close something such as a door or lid or when it closes, it moves so that a hole, gap, or opening is covered. If you are cold, close the window... Zacharias heard the door close... Keep the curtains closed. = shut ? open VERB: V n, V, V-ed 2. When you close something such as an open book or umbrella, you move the different parts of it together. Slowly he closed the book. VERB: V n 3. If you close something such as a computer file or window, you give the computer an instruction to remove it from the screen. (COMPUTING) To close your document, press CTRL+W on your keyboard. VERB: V n 4. When you close your eyes or your eyes close, your eyelids move downwards, so that you can no longer see. Bess closed her eyes and fell asleep... When we sneeze, our eyes close. VERB: V n, V 5. When a place closes or is closed, work or activity stops there for a short period. Shops close only on Christmas Day and New Year's Day... It was Saturday; they could close the office early... Government troops closed the airport... The restaurant was closed for the night. = shut ? open VERB: V, V n, V n, V-ed 6. If a place such as a factory, shop, or school closes, or if it is closed, all work or activity stops there permanently. Many enterprises will be forced to close... If they do close the local college I'll have to go to Worcester. VERB: V, V n • Close down means the same as close. Minford closed down the business and went into politics... Many of the smaller stores have closed down. PHRASAL VERB: V P n (not pron), V P, also V n P • closing ...since the closing of the steelworks in nearby Duquesne in 1984. = closure N-SING 7. To close a road or border means to block it in order to prevent people from using it. They were cut off from the West in 1948 when their government closed that border crossing. VERB: V n 8. To close a conversation, event, or matter means to bring it to an end or to complete it. Judge Isabel Oliva said last night: 'I have closed the case. There was no foul play.'... The Prime Minister is said to now consider the matter closed. ...the closing ceremony of the National Political Conference. VERB: V n, V-ed, V-ing 9. If you close a bank account, you take all your money out of it and inform the bank that you will no longer be using the account. He had closed his account with the bank five years earlier. ? open VERB: V n 10. On the stock market or the currency markets, if a share price or a currency closes at a particular value, that is its value at the end of the day's business. (BUSINESS) Dawson shares closed at 219p, up 5p... The US dollar closed higher in Tokyo today. ? open VERB: V prep/adv, V adj-compar 11. The close of a period of time or an activity is the end of it. To bring or draw something to a close means to end it. By the close of business last night, most of the big firms were hailing yesterday's actions as a success... Brian's retirement brings to a close a glorious chapter in British football history... = end N-SING: oft the N of n, to a N 12. to close the door on something: see door to close your eyes to something: see eye to close ranks: see rank see also closed, closing II. NEARNESS; ADJECTIVE USES (closer, closest) Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. Please look at category 18 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword. 1. If one thing or person is close to another, there is only a very small distance between them. Her lips were close to his head and her breath tickled his ear... The man moved closer, lowering his voice... The tables were pushed close together so diners could talk across the aisles. = near ADJ: v-link ADJ, ADJ after v, oft ADJ prep/adv • closely Wherever they went they were closely followed by security men. ADV: ADV after v, ADV -ed 2. You say that people are close to each other when they like each other very much and know each other very well. She and Linda became very close... As a little girl, Karan was closest to her sister Gail... I shared a house with a close friend from school... ADJ: oft ADJ to n • closeness I asked whether her closeness to her mother ever posed any problems. N-UNCOUNT 3. Your close relatives are the members of your family who are most directly related to you, for example your parents and your brothers or sisters. ...large changes such as the birth of a child or death of a close relative. ? distant ADJ: ADJ n 4. A close ally or partner of someone knows them well and is very involved in their work. He was once regarded as one of Mr Brown's closest political advisers... A senior source close to Mr Blair told us: 'Our position has not changed.' ADJ: usu ADJ n, also v-link ADJ to n 5. Close contact or co-operation involves seeing or communicating with someone often. Both nations are seeking closer links with the West... He lived alone, keeping close contact with his three grown-up sons. ADJ: ADJ n • closely We work closely with the careers officers in schools. ADV: ADV after v 6. If there is a close connection or resemblance between two things, they are strongly connected or are very similar. There is a close connection between pain and tension... Clare's close resemblance to his elder sister invoked a deep dislike in him. = strong ADJ: usu ADJ n • closely ...a pattern closely resembling a cross. ...fruits closely related to the orange. ADV: ADV before v, ADV -ed 7. Close inspection or observation of something is careful and thorough. He discovered, on closer inspection, that the rocks contained gold... Let's have a closer look. = thorough ADJ • closely If you look closely at many of the problems in society, you'll see evidence of racial discrimination. ADV: ADV with v 8. A close competition or election is won or seems likely to be won by only a small amount. It is still a close contest between two leading opposition parties... It's going to be very close. ADJ • closely This will be a closely fought race. ADV: usu ADV -ed 9. If you are close to something or if it is close, it is likely to happen or come soon. If you are close to doing something, you are likely to do it soon. She sounded close to tears... A senior White House official said the agreement is close... He's close to signing a contract. = near ADJ: v-link ADJ, usu ADJ to n/-ing 10. If something is close or comes close to something else, it almost is, does, or experiences that thing. An airliner came close to disaster while approaching Heathrow Airport... = near ADJ: v-link ADJ, usu ADJ to n 11. If the atmosphere somewhere is close, it is unpleasantly warm with not enough air. ADJ 12. Something that is close by or close at hand is near to you. Did a new hairdressing shop open close by?... His wife remains behind in Germany, but Jason, his 18-year-old son, is closer at hand. = nearby PHRASE: usu v-link PHR, PHR after v 13. If you describe an event as a close shave, a close thing, or a close call, you mean that an accident or a disaster very nearly happened. You had a close shave, but you knew when you accepted this job that there would be risks. PHRASE 14. If you keep a close eye on someone or something or keep a close watch on them, you observe them carefully to make sure they are progressing as you want them to. The President's foreign policy team are keeping a close eye on events. PHRASE: V inflects, usu PHR on n 15. Close to a particular amount or distance means slightly less than that amount or distance. In British English, you can also say close on a particular amount or distance. Sisulu spent close to 30 years in prison... Catering may now account for close on a quarter of pub turnover. = almost, nearly PREP-PHRASE: PREP amount 16. If you look at something close up or close to, you look at it when you are very near to it. They always look smaller close up. PHRASE: usu PHR after v, v-link PHR see also close-up 17. If something such as a competition or an election is too close to call, it is not possible to predict who will win because it seems likely to be won by only a very small margin. (JOURNALISM) In the Senate, the count is too close to call at this point. PHRASE: PHR with cl 18. at close quarters: see quarter at close range: see range III. NEARNESS; VERB USES (closes, closing, closed) Frequency: The word is one of the 3000 most common words in English. If you are closing on someone or something that you are following, you are getting nearer and nearer to them. I was within 15 seconds of the guy in second place and closing on him. VERB: V on n

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kloz, klos verb, adjective and adverb, (kacah, caghar; kammuo): Other words are charah, "to burn"; "Shalt thou reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar?" (Jer 22:15 the King James Version), the Revised Version (British and American) "strivest to excel in cedar," margin "viest with the cedar"; atsam, "to harden"; "Yahweh has closed your eyes" (Isa 29:10); gadhar, "to hedge" or "wall up" (Am 9:11); `atsar, "to restrain" (Ge 20:18). In Lu 4:20, ptusso, "to fold up." the Revised Version (British and American) has "was closed," margin "is opened," for "are open" (Nu 24:3,15), "closed" for "narrow" or "covered" (Eze 40:16; 41:16,26). To "keep close," sigao (Lu 9:36), the Revised Version (British and American) "held their peace." We have also "kept close" (the Revised Version (British and American) Nu 5:13; Hebrew cathar, "to hide"); also Job 28:21; "kept himself close," the Revised Version, margin "shut up" (1Ch 12:1); "close places," micgereth (2Sa 22:46; Ps 18:45 = "castles or holds shut in with high walls").

W. L. Walker

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

I. v. a. 1. Shut, shut up. 2. Stop, obstruct, choke, stop up, clog. 3. Conclude, finish, terminate, end, cease, complete, bring to a period. II. v. n. 1. Unite, coalesce, come together, be brought together. 2. Terminate, end, be concluded, cease. 3. Grapple, come to close quarters, clinch. 4. Agree, come to terms, accept the offer. III. n. 1. [Pron. cloze.] End, conclusion, termination, cessation. 2. [Pron. close.] Cathedral or abbey precinct. 3. Enclosure, inclosure, inclosed place, yard, grounds. IV. a. 1. Tight, closed, shut fast, confined. 2. Hidden, secret, private. 3. Reserved, taciturn, reticent, secretive, incommunicative. 4. Retired, withdrawn, concealed, secluded, pent up. 5. Confined, stagnant, motionless. 6. Oppressive, uncomfortable. 7. Dense, compact, solid, compressed, firm, thick. 8. Near, approaching nearly, adjoining, adjacent, immediately, neighboring. 9. Intimate, confidential, devoted, strongly attached, dear. 10. Nearly balanced, hard-fought, sharply contested, almost lost. 11. Intense, intent, unremitting, earnest, fixed, assiduous. 12. Faithful, accurate, precise, exact, strict, nice. 13. Parsimonious, stingy, penurious, miserly, niggardly, close-fisted, close-handed, mean, illiberal, ungenerous, churlish, curmudgeonly.

1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue

As close as God's curse to a whore's a-se: close as shirt and shitten a-se.

Moby Thesaurus

Autobahn, Spartan, US highway, abandonment, abbreviated, abort, about, about to be, abridged, abstruse, accented, accommodate, accost, accurate, adjacent, adjust, advance, agree, airless, airtight, alert, all but, alley, alleyway, almost, along toward, alongside, already in sight, alveolar, angustifoliate, angustirostrate, angustisellate, angustiseptal, apical, apico-alveolar, apico-dental, aposiopestic, approach, approaching, appropinquate, approximate, approximately, approximating, approximative, arcane, arena, arm-in-arm, around, arrange, arterial, arterial highway, arterial street, artery, articulated, as good as, assiduous, assimilated, at close quarters, at hand, attached, attentive, autistic, autoroute, autostrada, avaricious, avenue, back, bang, bar, barricade, barytone, bashful, batten, batten down, battle, bear down on, bear down upon, bear up, beclouded, belt highway, bilabial, blind, blind alley, block, block up, blockade, bolt, bonded, boulevard, box, brawl, breakoff, breathless, breezeless, brewing, brief, bristling, broad, broil, brusque, buddy-buddy, buried, burning, button, button up, bypass, byway, cabalistic, cacuminal, camino real, careful, carriageway, causeway, causey, cease, ceasing, cemented, censored, center, central, centralize, cerebral, cessation, chaussee, cheap, checked, cheek-by-jowl, chock, choke, choke off, cincture, circumferential, circumscribed, clap, clash, classified, climax, clinch, clipped, clos, close, close about, close at hand, close by, close down, close in, close off, close tight, close up, close with, close-fitting, close-knit, close-lipped, close-textured, close-tongued, close-woven, closed, closefisted, closely, closemouthed, closing, clouded, collide, combat, come, come closer, come forward, come near, come on, come to blows, come together, come up, coming, compact, compacted, compactly, comparable, compass, compass about, compendious, complete, completing, completion, compose, compressed, concealed, concenter, concentralize, concentrate, concentrated, concise, conclude, conclusion, concrete, condensed, confidential, confine, confined, confining, confront, congested, connect, conscientious, consolidated, consonant, consonantal, constant, constrict, constricted, contain, container, contend, contest, continuant, contract, contracted, converge, coop, corduroy road, correct, county road, court, courtyard, cover, covered, covert, crammed, crammed full, cramp, cramped, crawling, crescent, crisp, critical, croft, crowd, crowded, cryptic, cul-de-sac, culmination, curt, curtilage, cut, cut and thrust, dark, dead-end street, debar, decline, delicate, delimited field, demanding, dense, densely, dental, desinence, desistance, detailed, determine, devoted, dike, direct, dirt road, discontinuance, discontinuation, discontinue, discreet, disregard, dissimilated, dissociable, docked, dog, dorsal, draw near, draw nigh, drive, driveway, duel, dumb, dustproof, dusttight, eclipsed, economical of words, elliptic, embay, embosom, embrace, enclasp, enclave, enclose, enclosure, encompass, encounter, end, ending, enfold, enigmatic, envelop, environ, enwrap, epigrammatic, esoteric, establish, evasive, even, exact, exacting, exchange blows, exigent, express, expressway, exquisite, faithful, fall in with, familiar, fast, fast by, fasten, fastened, fence, feud, field, fight, fight a duel, fine, finical, finicking, finicky, finish, finish up, finishing, firm, firmly, fix, fixed, flat, fold, fold up, forthcoming, forty, freeway, front, full, full development, funnel, fussy, fusty, future, gain upon, gasproof, gastight, gathering, give and take, give satisfaction, glide, glossal, glottal, glued, gluey, gnomic, go around, go round, going to happen, grapple, grapple with, gravel road, ground, guarded, guttural, hand and glove, hand-in-hand, hard, hard by, hardfisted, heavily, heavy, hereabout, hereabouts, hermetic, hermetically sealed, hid, hidden, high, highroad, highway, highways and byways, homestretch, homologous, hot, humid, hush-hush, ignore, ill-ventilated, illiberal, immediate, imminent, impendent, impending, impenetrable, impermeable, in a cloud, in a fog, in danger imminent, in eclipse, in prospect, in purdah, in reserve, in spitting distance, in store, in the cards, in the neighborhood, in the offing, in the vicinity, in the wind, in the wings, in view, incapacious, incommodious, incommunicado, incompatible, indisposed to talk, inerrable, inerrant, infallible, inseparable, insociable, instant, intense, intent, intersect, interstate highway, intimate, intonated, invest, involve, isthmian, isthmic, jam, jam-packed, jammed, join, jostle, joust, just about, key, kill, kraal, labial, labiodental, labiovelar, laconic, lane, lap, lapse, last lap, last round, last stage, latch, latent, lateral, lax, light, lightproof, lighttight, like, limited, lingual, liquid, list, local road, lock, lock out, lock up, looming, lot, low, lowering, lurking, main drag, main road, make, make up, massive, mathematical, maturation, maturity, meager, mean, meet, menacing, meticulous, mews, micrometrically precise, microscopic, mid, mingy, minuscule, minute, miserly, mix it up, monophthongal, mopey, mopish, morose, motorway, much at one, much the same, muggy, mum, musty, mute, muted, mysterious, narrow, narrow the gap, nasal, nasalized, near, near at hand, near the mark, nearabout, nearabouts, nearby, nearing, nearish, nearly, nearly the same, nice, niggardly, nigh, nigh about, nighhand, nighish, nip, nongregarious, nonporous, not far, not far from, not quite, obfuscated, obscure, obscured, obstruct, obturate, occlude, occlusive, occult, oilproof, oiltight, on the horizon, only a step, open, oppressive, overhanging, overlook, oxytone, pack, packed, padlock, painstaking, palatal, palatalized, pale, paling, pally, palsy-walsy, parcel of land, park, parkway, parsimonious, particular, patch, pave, paved road, pen, penny-pinching, penurious, perfection, perorate, pharyngeal, pharyngealized, phonemic, phonetic, phonic, pike, pinch, pinchfisted, pinching, pinpoint, pitch, pitched, pithy, place, plank road, plat, plot, plot of ground, plumb, pointed, populous, posttonic, practically, precise, precisianistic, precisionistic, preparing, pretty near, primary highway, private, private road, privy, propinque, proximal, proximate, pruned, punctilious, punctual, quad, quadrangle, quarrel, quasi, quiet, rainproof, raintight, rassle, real estate, recondite, refined, relatable, religious, religiously exact, relinquishment, renunciation, reserved, resolve, restricted, reticent, retroflex, right-of-way, rigid, rigorous, ring road, riot, ripeness, road, roadbed, roadway, round, round about, rounded, rounding off, rounding out, route nationale, row, royal road, run a tilt, run together, same but different, save-all, scant, scanty, scientific, scientifically exact, scramble, scrap, scratch, scrupulous, scrutinizing, scuffle, seal, seal off, seal up, sealed, searching, secluded, secluse, secondary road, secret, secretive, section, secure, self-contained, self-sufficient, semivowel, sententious, sequestered, serried, set, settle, settle with, severe, shifty, short, short and sweet, shortened, shut, shut down, shut fast, shut off, shut out, shut the door, shut tight, shut up, shut up shop, shutdown, side-by-side, sidle up to, sign, silent, similar, skirmish, slam, slender, smokeproof, smoketight, smothered, snap, snug, socially incompatible, soft, solid, solidly, sonant, spar, sparing of words, speechless, speedway, square, squeeze, squeeze shut, stale, state highway, staunch, step up, sticky, stifle, stifled, stifling, stingy, stop, stop up, stopped, stopping, stormproof, stormtight, straighten out, strait, strangle, strangulate, street, stressed, strict, strive, strong, struggle, stuck, stuffy, substantial, subtle, succinct, suffocate, suffocating, sullen, sultry, summary, superhighway, suppressed, surcease, surd, surround, suspend, swarming, switch off, syllabic, synopsized, taciturn, taped, taper, teeming, tense, terminate, termination, terminus, terrace, terse, that will be, theater, thereabout, thereabouts, thick, thick as thieves, thick-growing, thickly, thickset, thorough, thoroughfare, threatening, throaty, through street, thrust and parry, thruway, tight, tight-fisted, tight-lipped, tightfisted, tilt, tiny, to come, to the point, toft, toll road, tonal, tongue-tied, tonic, top secret, topping off, tourney, township road, tract, truncated, turn off, turnpike, tussle, twangy, ulterior, unaccented, unbreatheable, unclubbable, uncommunicative, uncompanionable, uncongenial, under an eclipse, under cover, under house arrest, under security, under wraps, underground, undeviating, undisclosable, undisclosed, undivulgable, undivulged, unerring, unfriendly, ungenerous, ungenial, unite, unknown, unloquacious, unrevealable, unrevealed, unrounded, unsociable, unsocial, unspoken, unstressed, untalkative, untellable, untold, unutterable, unvented, unventilated, unwhisperable, upcoming, velar, vicinal, viscid, viscose, viscous, vocalic, vocoid, voiced, voiceless, vowel, vowellike, wage war, waiting, war, warm, water-repellant, waterproof, watertight, weak, wedged, well-nigh, wide, wind up, windless, windproof, windtight, windup, within call, within earshot, within hearing, within reach, word-bound, wordless, work out, wrap, wrapped in clouds, wrestle, wynd, yard, zip up, zipper




 


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