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Cherub definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

CHERUB, n. plu. Cherubs, but the Hebrew plural cherubim is also used.
A figure composed of various creatures, as a man, an ox, an eagle or lion. The first mention of cherubs is in Gen
3:24, where the figure is not described, but their office was, with a flaming sword, to keep or guard the way of the tree of life. The two cherubs which Moses was commanded to make at the ends of the Mercy seat, were to be of beaten work of gold; and their wings were to extend over the Mercy seat, their faces towards each other, and between them was the residence of the Deity. Exodus 15. The cherubs, in Ezekiels vision, had each four heads or faces, the hands of a man and wings. The four faces were, the face of a bull, that of a man, that of a lion, and that of an eagle. They had the likeness of a man. Ezek 4, and 10. In 2 Sam
22:11, and Psalms 18, Jehovah is represented as riding on a cherub, and flying on the wings of the wind. In the celestial hierarchy, cherubs are represented as spirits next in order to seraphs. The hieroglyphical and emblematical figures embroidered on the vails of the tabernacle are called cherubs of curious or skilful work. Exodus 26.

WordNet (r) 3.0 (2005)

1: a sweet innocent baby
2: an angel of the second order whose gift is knowledge; usually portrayed as a winged child

Merriam Webster's

noun (plural usually cherubim) Etymology: Latin, from Greek cheroub, from Hebrew k?r?bh Date: 13th century 1. plural an order of angels see celestial hierarchy 2. plural usually cherubs a. a beautiful usually winged child in painting and sculpture b. an innocent-looking usually chubby and rosy person cherubic adjective cherubically adverb cherublike adjective

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. 1 (pl. cherubim) an angelic being of the second order of the celestial hierarchy. 2 a a representation of a winged child or the head of a winged child. b a beautiful or innocent child. Derivatives: cherubic adj. cherubically adv. Etymology: ME f. OE cherubin and f. Heb. kerub, pl. kerubîm

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Cherub Cher"ub, n.; pl. Cherubs; but the Hebrew plural Cherubimis also used. [Heb. ker[=u]b.] 1. A mysterious composite being, the winged footstool and chariot of the Almighty, described in --Ezekiel i. and x. I knew that they were the cherubim. --Ezek. x. 20. He rode upon a cherub and did fly. --Ps. xviii. 10. 2. A symbolical winged figure of unknown form used in connection with the mercy seat of the Jewish Ark and Temple. --Ez. xxv. 18. 3. One of a order of angels, variously represented in art. In European painting the cherubim have been shown as blue, to denote knowledge, as distinguished from the seraphim (see Seraph), and in later art the children's heads with wings are generally called cherubs. 4. A beautiful child; -- so called because artists have represented cherubs as beautiful children.

Collin's Cobuild Dictionary

(cherubs) A cherub is a kind of angel that is represented in art as a naked child with wings. N-COUNT

Easton's Bible Dictionary

plural cherubim, the name of certain symbolical figures frequently mentioned in Scripture. They are first mentioned in connection with the expulsion of our first parents from Eden (Gen. 3:24). There is no intimation given of their shape or form. They are next mentioned when Moses was commanded to provide furniture for the tabernacle (Ex. 25:17-20; 26:1, 31). God promised to commune with Moses "from between the cherubim" (25:22). This expression was afterwards used to denote the Divine abode and presence (Num. 7:89; 1 Sam. 4:4; Isa. 37:16; Ps. 80:1; 99:1). In Ezekiel's vision (10:1-20) they appear as living creatures supporting the throne of God. From Ezekiel's description of them (1;10; 41:18, 19), they appear to have been compound figures, unlike any real object in nature; artificial images possessing the features and properties of several animals. Two cherubim were placed on the mercy-seat of the ark; two of colossal size overshadowed it in Solomon's temple. Ezekiel (1:4-14) speaks of four; and this number of "living creatures" is mentioned in Rev. 4:6. Those on the ark are called the "cherubim of glory" (Heb. 9:5), i.e., of the Shechinah, or cloud of glory, for on them the visible glory of God rested. They were placed one at each end of the mercy-seat, with wings stretched upward, and their faces "toward each other and toward the mercy-seat." They were anointed with holy oil, like the ark itself and the other sacred furniture.

The cherubim were symbolical. They were intended to represent spiritual existences in immediate contact with Jehovah. Some have regarded them as symbolical of the chief ruling power by which God carries on his operations in providence (Ps. 18:10). Others interpret them as having reference to the redemption of men, and as symbolizing the great rulers or ministers of the church. Many other opinions have been held regarding them which need not be referred to here. On the whole, it seems to be most satisfactory to regard the interpretation of the symbol to be variable, as is the symbol itself.

Their office was, (1) on the expulsion of our first parents from Eden, to prevent all access to the tree of life; and (2) to form the throne and chariot of Jehovah in his manifestation of himself on earth. He dwelleth between and sitteth on the cherubim (1 Sam. 4:4; Ps. 80:1; Ezek. 1:26, 28).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

ke'-rub (kerubh, Cheroub, Charoub): A place in Babylonia from which people whose genealogies had fallen into confusion went up at the return from exile (Ezr 2:59; Ne 7:61); unidentified. In 1 Esdras 5:36 we read "Charaathalan leading them, and Allar," a phrase that seems to have arisen through confusion of the names in the passages cited above.

Soule's Dictionary of English Synonyms

n. 1. [pl. Cherubim.] Angel, power, angel of knowledge. 2. [pl. Cherubs.] Beautiful child.

Moby Thesaurus

angel, angel of light, angel of love, archangel, babe, baby, baby-doll, bairn, beatified soul, buttercup, canonized mortal, celestial, cherubim, chick, chickabiddy, child, chit, darling, dear, deary, doll, duck, duckling, heavenly being, hon, honey, honey bunch, honey child, innocent, kid, kitten, lamb, lambkin, little bugger, little fellow, little guy, little innocent, little one, little tad, little tot, love, lover, martyr, messenger of God, mite, nipper, offspring, patron saint, peewee, pet, petkins, precious, precious heart, principality, recording angel, saint, saved soul, seraph, seraphim, shaver, snookums, soul in glory, sugar, sweet, sweetheart, sweetie, sweetkins, sweets, tad, tot, wee tot


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