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Bezoar antelope
bezoar goat
Bezoar mineral
bezoar stone

Bezoar definitions

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

1. An antidote; a general name for certain animal substances supposed to be efficacious in preventing the fatal effects of poison. Bezoar is a calcarious concretion found in the stomach of certain ruminant animals, composed of concentric coats surrounding each other, with a little cavity in the middle, containing a bit of wood, straw, hair, or the like substance. There are two sorts; the oriental, from Persia and the East Indies, of a shining dark green or olive color, with a smooth surface; and the occidental, from the Spanish West Indies, which has a rough surface, is less green much heavier, more brittle, and of a looser texture. The oriental is generally less than a walnut;the occidental is larger, and sometimes as large as a goose egg.
The oriental bezoars are generally of a resinous composition and combustible.
2. In a more general sense, any substance formed, stratum upon stratum, in the stomach or intestines of animals.
This name is also given to the biliary calculi of certain animals.
Fossil-bezoar is a figured stone, formed, like the animal bezoar, with several coats round some extraneous body, which serves as a nucleus; found chiefly in Sicily, in sand and clay pits. It is of a purple color, and of the size of a walnut. It seems to be of the nature of bole armenian, and is called Sicilian earth.
Bezoar-mineral. This preparation is an oxyd of antimony, produced by distilling the nitrous acid several times to dryness from the sublimated muriate of antimony.

Merriam Webster's

noun Etymology: Middle French, from Medieval Latin, from Arabic dialect bezuw?r, from Arabic b?zahr, from Persian p?d-zahr, from p?d protecting (against) + zahr poison Date: 1577 any of various calculi found chiefly in the gastrointestinal organs and formerly believed to possess magical properties called also bezoar stone

Oxford Reference Dictionary

n. a small stone which may form in the stomachs of certain animals, esp. ruminants, and which was once used as an antidote for various ills. Etymology: ult. f. Pers. padzahr antidote, Arab. bazahr

Webster's 1913 Dictionary

Bezoar Be"zoar, n. [F. b['e]zoard, fr. Ar. b[=a]zahr, b[=a]dizahr, fr. Per. p[=a]d-zahr bezoar; p[=a]d protecting + zahr poison; cf. Pg. & Sp. bezoar.] A calculous concretion found in the intestines of certain ruminant animals (as the wild goat, the gazelle, and the Peruvian llama) formerly regarded as an unfailing antidote for poison, and a certain remedy for eruptive, pestilential, or putrid diseases. Hence: Any antidote or panacea. Note: Two kinds were particularly esteemed, the Bezoar orientale of India, and the Bezoar occidentale of Peru. Bezoar antelope. See Antelope. Bezoar goat (Zo["o]l.), the wild goat (Capra [ae]gagrus). Bezoar mineral, an old preparation of oxide of antimony. --Ure.


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