n. (pl. autochthons or autochthones) (in pl.) the original or earliest known inhabitants of a country; aboriginals. Derivatives: autochthonal adj. autochthonic adj. autochthonous adj. Etymology: Gk, = sprung from the earth (as AUTO-, khthon, -onos earth)
Autochthon Au*toch"thon, n.; pl. E. Authochthons, L. Autochthones. [L., fr. Gr. ?, pl. ?, from the land itself; a'yto`s self + ? earth, land.] 1. One who is supposed to rise or spring from the ground or the soil he inhabits; one of the original inhabitants or aborigines; a native; -- commonly in the plural. This title was assumed by the ancient Greeks, particularly the Athenians. 2. That which is original to a particular country, or which had there its origin.